51
Chung C Wang: Data structure and search method for a data base management system. AT&T Bell Laboratories, J W Herndon, August 28, 1984: US04468728 (125 worldwide citation)

A data structure and search method for a data base management system. The structure and method allow the locating of a stored record in a massive system in a controlled and small number of mass memory accesses. The data structure is arranged into a plurality of search trees, each defining patent nod ...


52
WORRELL Barry C, NORVELL David K, SCHEIB Charles J, SHELTON Frederick E IV, STROBL Geoffrey S, SWAYZE Jeffrey S, TREES Gregory A, ZERKLE Jason E, MONTGOMERY Kevin M: ÉLÉMENTS DARTICULATION POUR DISPOSITIF CHIRURGICAL ARTICULÉ, ARTICULATION JOINT FEATURES FOR ARTICULATING SURGICAL DEVICE. ETHICON ENDO SURGERY, WORRELL Barry C, NORVELL David K, SCHEIB Charles J, SHELTON Frederick E IV, STROBL Geoffrey S, SWAYZE Jeffrey S, TREES Gregory A, ZERKLE Jason E, MONTGOMERY Kevin M, JOHNSON Philip S, March 29, 2012: WO/2012/040438 (125 worldwide citation)

An electrosurgical device comprises a body, an end effector, a cutting member, and a shaft. The end effector includes a pair of jaws that are operable to deliver RF energy to tissue that is clamped between the jaws. The cutting member is operable to sever tissue that is clamped between the jaws. The ...


53
David A Burgoon: Zymbolic history management system. Hewlett Packard Company, January 6, 1998: US05706510 (120 worldwide citation)

A zymbolic history management system (ZHMS) allows a user to create annotated symbolic links (zymlinks) to files in a shared file system. A single link is created to each file of the shared file system which a user wishes to access. A zymlink to the shared file system may be updated via a zupdate co ...


54
Guy G Riddle: Message routing in a computer network. AT&T Bell Telephone Laboratories Incorporated, S J Phillips, August 14, 1984: US04466060 (120 worldwide citation)

An adaptive distributed message routing algorithm that may be implemented in a computer program to control the routing of data messages in a packet message switching digital computer network. Network topology information is exchanged only between neighbor nodes in the form of minimum spanning trees, ...


55
Martine Bonneau, Eric Gouze, Robert Hornung, Ieng Ong, Jean Marc Piccino: Gate array cell having FETs of different and optimized sizes. International Business Machines Corporation, Otho B Ross, Richard A Romanchik, August 6, 1991: US05038192 (120 worldwide citation)

A CMOS FET master slice integrated circuit (20) of the gate-array type implemented in a semiconductor logic chip, comprises a plurality of core cells (CELL1, CELL2, . . . ) arranged adjacent one another on a repetitive basis in a row direction to form horizontal stripe shaped functional gate region ...


56
Roland Kuhn, Jean Claude Junqua: Method for letter-to-sound in text-to-speech synthesis. Matsushita Electric Industrial Co, Harness Dickey & Pierce, February 22, 2000: US06029132 (120 worldwide citation)

A two-stage pronunciation generator utilizes mixed decision trees that includes a network of yes-no questions about letter, syntax, context, and dialect in a spelled word sequence. A second stage utilizes decision trees that includes a network of yes-no questions about adjacent phonemes in the phone ...


57
Hong Yi Tzeng: High speed routing using compressed tree process. Lucent Technologies, May 23, 2000: US06067574 (119 worldwide citation)

A router uses the destination address of its incoming packets to decide the proper outgoing interfaces by searching among all of the stored prefixes for the prefix which has the longest match when compared to the destination address in the packet. Prefix trees are employed to represent the set of pr ...


58
Dirk Coldewey: Method and apparatus for prefetching recursive data structures. January 25, 2005: US06848029 (119 worldwide citation)

Computer systems are typically designed with multiple levels of memory hierarchy. Prefetching has been employed to overcome the latency of fetching data or instructions from or to memory. Prefetching works well for data structures with regular memory access patterns, but less so for data structures ...


59
Alfred E Dunlop, Brian W Kernighan: Placement of components on circuit substrates. AT&T Bell Laboratories, Robert O Nimtz, March 18, 1986: US04577276 (116 worldwide citation)

In laying out integrated circuits on a substrate, the placement of the components relative to each other is important in minimizing conductor area and hence chip area. Large scale integration often uses polycells which are lined up in rows to realize the digital logic circuitry. A partitioning proce ...


60
Norman Morse, Jeffrey Douglas: Supervisory powers that provide additional control over images on computers system displays to users interactings via computer systems. Fujitsu Software Corporation, Michael Shenker, Skjerven Morrill MacPherson Franklin & Friel, September 1, 1998: US05802296 (115 worldwide citation)

A computer system including computers interconnected by a network creates a virtual world in which computer users can interact with each other. Each user is represented graphically on computers' displays. Other objects (trees, buildings, and so on) are also represented. Each user can control its own ...



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