41
George Heidorn, Karen Jensen: Method and system for computing semantic logical forms from syntax trees. Microsoft Corporation, Seed and Berry, October 12, 1999: US05966686 (121 worldwide citation)

Methods and computer systems for semantically analyzing natural language sentences. The natural language processing subsystems for morphological and syntactic analysis transform an input sentence into a syntax parse tree. Semantic analysis applies three sets of semantic rules to create a skeletal lo ...


42
Guy G Riddle: Message routing in a computer network. AT&T Bell Telephone Laboratories Incorporated, S J Phillips, August 14, 1984: US04466060 (120 worldwide citation)

An adaptive distributed message routing algorithm that may be implemented in a computer program to control the routing of data messages in a packet message switching digital computer network. Network topology information is exchanged only between neighbor nodes in the form of minimum spanning trees, ...


43
Srinivasan Venkatachary, Subhash Suri, George Varghese, Marcel Waldvogel, Hari Adiseshu: Fast scaleable methods and devices for layer four switching. Washington University, Howell & Haferkamp LC, April 3, 2001: US06212184 (119 worldwide citation)

Fast, scalable methods and devices are provided for layer four switching in a router as might be found in the Internet. In a first method, a grid of tries, which are binary branching trees, is constructed from the set of routing filters. The grid includes a dest-trie and a number of source tries. To ...


44
Dirk Coldewey: Method and apparatus for prefetching recursive data structures. January 25, 2005: US06848029 (117 worldwide citation)

Computer systems are typically designed with multiple levels of memory hierarchy. Prefetching has been employed to overcome the latency of fetching data or instructions from or to memory. Prefetching works well for data structures with regular memory access patterns, but less so for data structures ...


45
Srinivas Gutta: Method and apparatus for recommending television programming using decision trees. Koninklijke Philips Electronics, April 27, 2004: US06727914 (117 worldwide citation)

A method and apparatus are disclosed for recommending television programming using decision trees. Inductive principles are utilized to identify a set of recommended programs that may be of interest to a particular viewer, based on past viewing behavior. A user's viewing history is monitored an ...


46
Alfred E Dunlop, Brian W Kernighan: Placement of components on circuit substrates. AT&T Bell Laboratories, Robert O Nimtz, March 18, 1986: US04577276 (116 worldwide citation)

In laying out integrated circuits on a substrate, the placement of the components relative to each other is important in minimizing conductor area and hence chip area. Large scale integration often uses polycells which are lined up in rows to realize the digital logic circuitry. A partitioning proce ...


47
Lawrence Au: Topological methods to organize semantic network data flows for conversational applications. August 17, 2004: US06778970 (115 worldwide citation)

A system and methods for enforcing uniform branching of node-to-node inheritance links within semantic networks, to control data flows to and from such networks in conversational applications. Enforced uniform branching criteria converge the population of directly connected nodes of each node toward ...


48
Hong Yi Tzeng: High speed routing using compressed tree process. Lucent Technologies, May 23, 2000: US06067574 (114 worldwide citation)

A router uses the destination address of its incoming packets to decide the proper outgoing interfaces by searching among all of the stored prefixes for the prefix which has the longest match when compared to the destination address in the packet. Prefix trees are employed to represent the set of pr ...


49
Martine Bonneau, Eric Gouze, Robert Hornung, Ieng Ong, Jean Marc Piccino: Gate array cell having FETs of different and optimized sizes. International Business Machines Corporation, Otho B Ross, Richard A Romanchik, August 6, 1991: US05038192 (114 worldwide citation)

A CMOS FET master slice integrated circuit (20) of the gate-array type implemented in a semiconductor logic chip, comprises a plurality of core cells (CELL1, CELL2, . . . ) arranged adjacent one another on a repetitive basis in a row direction to form horizontal stripe shaped functional gate region ...


50
John Carroll, Shiuh Yung James Chen: Method and apparatus for three-dimensional reconstruction of coronary vessels from angiographic images and analytical techniques applied thereto. University Technology Corporation, Daniel N Fishman, Lathrop & Gage L C, December 31, 2002: US06501848 (112 worldwide citation)

A method for in-room computer reconstruction of a three-dimensional (3-D) coronary vascular tree from routine biplane angiograms acquired at arbitrary angles and without using calibration objects. The method includes seven major steps: (1) acquisition of two standard angiogram sequences by use of a ...



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