21
Michael Fine, Silvano Gai, Keith McCloghrie: Shared spanning tree protocol. Cisco Technology, Cesari and McKenna, February 13, 2001: US06188694 (172 worldwide citation)

A shared spanning tree protocol (SSTP) creates a plurality of spanning trees (i.e., loop-free paths) which are shared among one or more virtual local area network (VLAN) designations for data transmission within a computer network. Each shared spanning tree includes and is defined by a primary VLAN ...


22
Asta Khavakh, William McDonough, Oleg Voloshin, Yaoguang Wang: Method and system for route calculation in a navigation application. Navigation Technologies, Frank J Kozak, Lawrence M Kaplan, February 20, 2001: US06192314 (169 worldwide citation)

A program and method for route calculation for use with a navigation system and used with a map database that represents a road network in a geographic region. A route calculation program is adapted to find at least one solution route between a first location on a road network and a second location ...


23
Michael L Federwisch, Shane S Owara, Stephen L Manley, Steven R Kleiman: System and method for determining changes in two snapshots and for transmitting changes to destination snapshot. Network Appliance, Cesari and McKenna, January 31, 2006: US06993539 (169 worldwide citation)

A system and method for remote asynchronous replication or mirroring of changes in a source file system snapshot in a destination replica file system using a scan (via a scanner) of the blocks that make up two versions of a snapshot of the source file system, which identifies changed blocks in the r ...


24
Thomas A Spoto, Hiroshi Higashide, James S Rankin II: Method and system for processing and presenting on-line, multimedia information in a tree structure. Ford Motor Company, Joseph W Malleck, Roger L May, July 23, 1996: US05539869 (167 worldwide citation)

Method and system are provided for processing and presenting on-line, multimedia information such as diagnostic information for a machine tool. The system uses multimedia information tools (i.e. graphics, documentation, drawings, photographs, full motion video with audio, PLC ladder, etc.) and techn ...


25
Norimitsu Sako: Logic circuit utilizing pass transistors and logic gate. Kawasaki Steel Corporation, Oliff & Berridge, July 4, 2000: US06084437 (162 worldwide citation)

A logic circuit combines a plurality of pass-transistor logic trees and a multiple-input logic gate for receiving intermediate logic signals from the respective pass-transistor logic trees, and can express a complex logical operation while decreasing the number of stages in pass-transistor logic tre ...


26
William Monroe Turpin, Kevin Lane Brown, Steven Ward Bogrett: Graphical programming system and methods for assisting a user with creating screen objects on a screen device. Borland International, John A Smart, David N Slone, April 28, 1998: US05745712 (155 worldwide citation)

A system for creation and completion of goal oriented electronic forms creates a graphical image data file which defines: a graphical image of a form for display and printing; a graphical image of tree branches, tree nodes, and conclusions in association with fields of the form; reading and writing ...


27
Michael Freeman: Interactive telephone answering system. Hubbell Cohen Stiefel & Gross, December 13, 1983: US04420656 (154 worldwide citation)

An interactive telephone answering system (20) connectable to a captured telephone line (26) is responsive to the detection (32, 34, 36, 38, 40, 42) of tones transmitted by the calling party from the keypad of a Touch-Tone phone for enabling caller selectable routing of an incoming call to a desired ...


28
Philip A Chou: Image recognition method using two-dimensional stochastic grammars. At&T Bell Laboratories, J W Herndon, May 28, 1991: US05020112 (152 worldwide citation)

A method of automatically identifying bitmapped image objects. Each of a set of templates in an object template library is compared with all areas of like size of a bitmapped image. A set of signals is generated for each such comparison that satisfies a defined matching criteria between the template ...


29
Paul C David, Gerhard A Schneider, Matthew W Calkins, Oreste Dorin Ungureanu, Ashraf Michail, Andrey E Arsov, Leonardo E Blanco: System and method for managing visual structure, timing, and animation in a graphics processing system. Microsoft Corporation, Law Offices of Albert S Michalik PLLC, August 8, 2006: US07088374 (150 worldwide citation)

A visual tree structure as specified by a program is constructed and maintained by a visual system's user interface thread. As needed, the tree structure is traversed on the UI thread, with changes compiled into change queues. A secondary rendering thread that handles animation and graphical composi ...


30
Allen L Gorin, Patrick A Makofsky, Nancy Morton, Neal C Oliver, Richard R Shively, Christopher A Stanziola: Reconfigurable signal processor. AT&T Bell Laboratories, Charles E Graves, May 28, 1991: US05020059 (142 worldwide citation)

An interconnection scheme among the processing elements ("PEs") of a multiprocessor computing architecture realizes, through PE reconfiguration, both fault tolerance and a wide variety of different processing topologies including binary trees and linear systolic arrays. By using a novel variant on a ...



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