1
Lev M Lipkovker: Ultrasonic transdermal system for withdrawing fluid from an organism and determining the concentration of a substance in the fluid. Endodermic Medical Technologies Company, Christensen O Connor Johnson & Kindness PLLC, April 8, 1997: US05617851 (389 worldwide citation)

A noninvasive method and apparatus for withdrawing fluid from an organism and determining the concentration of a substance in the fluid is disclosed. The noninvasive apparatus comprises a substance concentration sensor (120) that includes an extraction transducer (126) and a substance sensing transd ...


2
Janet Tamada: Method of sampling substances using alternating polarity of iontophoretic current. Cygnus, Gary R Fabian, Angela P Horne, Barbara G McClung, February 8, 2000: US06023629 (381 worldwide citation)

A method for sampling of a substance from a subject is provided, which comprises placing one or more sampling chambers on a collection site on a tissue surface on the subject; conducting electric current through the tissue to extract a substance from the subject in a first direction in one or more s ...


3
Janet Tamada: Device and method for sampling of substances using alternating polarity. Cygnus, June 30, 1998: US05771890 (338 worldwide citation)

A method for sampling of a substance from a subject is provided, which comprises placing one or more sampling chambers on a collection site on a tissue surface on the subject; conducting electric current through the tissue to extract a substance from the subject in a first direction in one or more s ...


4
Janet Tamada: Device for sampling substances using alternating polarity of iontophoretic current. Cygnus, Barbara G McClung, Robins & Pasternak, October 2, 2001: US06298254 (270 worldwide citation)

A method for sampling of a substance from a subject is provided, which comprises placing one or more sampling chambers on a collection site on a tissue surface on the subject; conducting electric current through the tissue to extract a substance from the subject in a first direction in one or more s ...


5
Janet Tamada: Device for sample of substances using alternating polarity. Cygnus, Barbara G McClung, Cary R Fabian, February 3, 2004: US06687522 (215 worldwide citation)

A method for sampling of a substance from a subject is provided, which comprises placing one or more sampling chambers on a collection site on a tissue surface on the subject; conducting electric current through the tissue to extract a substance from the subject in a first direction in one or more s ...


6
Ronald P Haak, Felix Theeuwes, J Richard Gyory: Electrotransport transdermal system. Alza Corporation, D Byron Miller, Steven F Stone, Edward L Mandell, May 22, 1990: US04927408 (153 worldwide citation)

A transdermal therapeutic system which utilizes electrical current to facilitate agent delivery and which isolates the electrochemical reactants and products from the agent containing reservoir.


7
Yunik Chang: Transdermal drug delivery using a dual permeation enhancer and method of performing the same. Paco Pharmaceutical Services, Seidel Gonda Lavorgna & Monaco, September 11, 1990: US04956171 (66 worldwide citation)

A transdermal drug delivery system with a dual permeation enhancer is described. The transdermal system comprises a body that contains supplies of drug and a dual permeation enhancer comprising sucrose cocoate and methyl laurate, and has a basal surface that contacts an area of skin and transmits th ...


8
Juan Mantelle, David Houze: Transdermal compositions containing low molecular weight drugs which are liquid at room temperatures. Noven Pharmaceuticals, Foley & Lardner, November 13, 2001: US06316022 (64 worldwide citation)

A transdermal composition is disclosed which contains a blend of one or more polymers, one or more drugs, at least one of which has a low molecular weight and is liquid at or about room temperatures. The composition is substantially free of water and liquids which have a normal boiling point (a) opt ...


9
David S Bettinger: Positive displacement transdermal system. December 12, 1995: US05474527 (60 worldwide citation)

A microprocessor controlled transdermal medication patch system wherein said medication is dispensed internally by positive displacement from multiple reservoirs within said patch so as to vary the drug selection, sequence, and concentration and thereby the regimen and release rate. In a preferred e ...


10
Sharlin E Yeh, Niranjan Patel, Josephine Milstone: Transdermal nicotine delivery system. Warner Lambert Company, Richard S Bullitt, July 27, 1993: US05230896 (41 worldwide citation)

A novel transdermal delivery system for nicotine to satisfy addicted smokers' cravings therefore is comprised of a nicotine base, an acrylate polymer adhesive, a stabilizer and a polyester film backing. The nicotine is absorbed through the skin at sufficiently high levels to reduce or eliminate the ...



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