61
South Colin R, Garant Herve, Martin Richard Lance: Combined thermochemical pretreatment and refining of lignocellulosic biomass. Mascoma Corporation, South Colin R, Garant Herve, Martin Richard Lance, GORDON Dana M, October 30, 2008: WO/2008/131229 (16 worldwide citation)

One aspect of the present invention relates to a method of processing lignocellulosic material, comprising initial steam pretreatment to give pretreated lignocellulosic material with an average particle size, followed by refining to give refined lignocellulosic material with an average particle size ...


62
Yokoyama Shinya, Sasaki Yoshiyuki, Minowa Tomoaki, Hanaoka Hisaaki: System for producing ethanol from various lignocellulose resources. National Institute Of Advanced Industrial &Amp Technology, June 30, 2005: JP2005-168335 (16 worldwide citation)

PROBLEM TO BE SOLVED: To provide a production system comprising combining an ethanol fermentation method by enzymatic saccharification having a good saccharification efficiency with a thermochemical ethanol synthesis method using biomass components such as unsaccharified hemicellulose, unsaccharifie ...


63
Jean Paul Fournes, Jacques Lesgourgues, Robert Martinou: Method of repairing heat resistant alloy parts. Societe Nationale d Etude et de Construction de Moteurs d Aviation, Bacon & Thomas, April 7, 1987: US04655383 (15 worldwide citation)

The instant invention describes a method of repairing heat-resistant alloy parts which have been cracked or otherwise damaged due to exposure of combustion gases from a turbojet engine. The method includes chemically cleaning the surface of the part to remove the layer of contaminants and subjecting ...


64
Anatole A Klyosov, George P Philippidis, Yiannis A Monovoukas: Method of recovering lignin from pulp and paper sludge. Thermo Fibergen, Cesari and McKenna, July 7, 1998: US05777086 (15 worldwide citation)

A thermochemical process is provided for the use of pulp and paper sludge as a source of lignin through extraction and recovery. Pulp and paper sludge contains common components of plant materials as well as minerals employed in papermaking. Sludge is mixed in an alkaline solution (NaOH 0.4% to 4% b ...


65
Robert A Holzl, Robert E Benander, Robert D Davis: Tungsten alloys containing A15 structure and method for making same. Dart, Fitch Even Tabin & Flannery, January 24, 1984: US04427445 (15 worldwide citation)

A hard fine-grained internally stressed material of tungsten and carbon or tungsten, carbon and oxygen is described which is produced by thermochemical deposition. The material consists primarily of a two phase mixture of pure tungsten and an A15 structure, is free of columnar grain distribution, an ...


66
Horie Takeshi, Noda Kazuhiro, Yamada Shinichiro: Non-aqueous electrolytic solution, and non-aqueous electrolyte cell comprising it. Sony, July 28, 1999: EP0932215-A1 (15 worldwide citation)

Disclosed is a non-aqueous electrolytic solution comprising a specific siloxane derivative of the following chemical formula 1 or 2, and at least one light metal salt such as an alkali metal salt: Also disclosed is a non-aqueous electrolyte cell comprising the electrolytic solution. The electrolytic ...


67
Dennis Quinto, Christian Wohlrab, J├╝rgen Ramm: Cutting tool. Oerlikon Trading Truebbach, Notaro Michalos & Zaccaria P C, March 6, 2012: US08129040 (14 worldwide citation)

The invention provides a single or a multilayer PVD coated sharp edged cutting tool, which can at the same time exhibit satisfactory wear and thermochemical resistance as well as resistance to edge chipping. The cutting tool comprises a sintered body made of a cemented carbide, a CBN, a cermet or a ...


68
Andrew J Matthews, Simon A Thomas: Thermochemical energy storage. Edeco Holdings, Young & Thompson, March 4, 1986: US04574051 (14 worldwide citation)

A thermal energy storage medium comprising a hydrophilic polysaccharide supporting an inorganic salt that is capable of transforming from one phase to a less hydrated phase absorbing latent heat, and releasing this latent heat upon the reverse transformation. The polysaccharide, preferably Xanthan G ...


69
Robert A Administrator of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration with respect to an invention of Frosch, Daniel D Lawson, Gene R Petersen: Thermochemical generation of hydrogen. Paul F McCaul, John R Manning, February 9, 1982: US04314984 (14 worldwide citation)

The direct fluid contact heat exchange with H.sub.2 SO.sub.4 at about 330.degree. C. prior to high temperature decomposition at about 830.degree. C. in the oxygen release step of several thermochemical cycles for splitting water into hydrogen and oxygen provides higher heat transfer rates, savings i ...


70
Steven Amendola: Thermochemical hydrogen produced from a vanadium decomposition cycle. Baker Botts, September 21, 2010: US07799315 (14 worldwide citation)

A thermochemical water-splitting process all reactions of which operate at relatively low temperatures and high efficiencies, and in which relatively inexpensive materials and processing methods are made possible. This invention involves the decomposition of a metal halide compound, i.e., one which ...



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