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Frank Hershkowitz, Harry W Deckman, Robert P Reynolds, Constantine P Gonatas, John W Fulton, Leonard Schoenman, Jack I Ito, Leroy R Clavenna: Rapid injection catalytic partial oxidation process and apparatus for producing synthesis gas (law 562). Exxon Research and Engineering Company, Jay Simon, March 16, 1999: US05883138 (51 worldwide citation)

A novel injector/reactor apparatus and an efficient process for the partial oxidation of light hydrocarbon gases, such as methane, to convert such gases to useful synthesis gas for recovery and/or subsequent hydrocarbon synthesis. Sources of a light hydrocarbon gas, such as methane, and oxygen or an ...


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Siva Ariyapadi, Philip Shires: Systems and methods for producing substitute natural gas. Kellogg Brown & Root, KBR IP Legal Dept, June 7, 2011: US07955403 (50 worldwide citation)

Systems and methods for producing synthetic natural gas are provided. The method can include gasifying a carbonaceous feedstock within a gasifier to provide a raw syngas. The raw syngas can be cooled to provide a cooled raw syngas. The cooled raw syngas can be processed in a purification system to p ...


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Peter Heinrich, Klaus Knop, Friedbert Rube: Process for producing and using syngas and recovering methane enricher gas therefrom. M A N Maschinenfabrik Augsburg Nurnberg, McGlew and Tuttle, July 7, 1987: US04678480 (49 worldwide citation)

A process for producing a synthesis gas containing methane and using a reactor having a fuel containing carbon comprises directing gasification gases in a circulation system through a bed of fuel containing carbon to form a synthesis gas containing methane and carbon dioxide. Thereafter, the synthes ...


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Rex R Stevens, Mark M Conway: Mixed alcohols production from syngas. The Dow Chemical Company, Charles J Enright, May 16, 1989: US04831060 (48 worldwide citation)

Mixed alcohols are produced from carbon monoxide and hydrogen gases using an easily prepared catalyst/co-catalyst metal catalyst. The catalyst metals are molybdenum, tungsten or rhenium. The co-catalyst metals are cobalt, nickel or iron. The catalyst is promoted with a Fischer-Tropsch promoter like ...


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Charles W DeGeorge, Robert J Wittenbrink, Thomas M Stark: Gas conversion using hydrogen from syngas gas and hydroconversion tail gas. Exxon Research and Engineering Company, Jay Simon, Jonathan N Provoost, November 14, 2000: US06147126 (48 worldwide citation)

A gas conversion process including catalytic hydrocarbon synthesis from a synthesis gas comprising a mixture of H.sub.2 and CO, produces hydrogen from the synthesis gas and upgrades synthesized hydrocarbons by one or more hydroconversion operations which utilize this hydrogen. The hydroconversion al ...


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Ravi Prasad, Joseph Michael Schwartz, Earl T Robinson, Christian Friedrich Gottzmann: Syngas production method utilizing an oxygen transport membrane. Praxair Technology, BP Amoco, David M Rosenblum, February 24, 2004: US06695983 (48 worldwide citation)

A method of producing a crude syngas product stream or a syngas product stream by further processing of the crude syngas product stream. Both the crude and syngas product stream comprise carbon monoxide and hydrogen. The crude syngas product stream additionally comprises carbon dioxide and moisture. ...


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Weldon K Bell, Clarence D Chang, Reuel Shinnar: Method for generating power upon demand. Mobil Oil Corporation, Charles A Huggett, Michael G Gilman, Charles J Speciale, July 27, 1982: US04341069 (47 worldwide citation)

Fuel for satisfying low, normal and high electric power generation requirements is obtained from coal in the form of syngas and dimethyl ether fired in turbine-compressor arrangements driving electric generators, wherein the storable ether fuel is fired in turbine-generator arrangements to supplemen ...


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Swan T Sie: Process for the preparation of hydrocarbons. Shell Oil Company, Kimbley L Muller, June 10, 1986: US04594172 (47 worldwide citation)

Syngas is subjected to Fischer-Tropsch synthesis over a special Co/Zr/SiO.sub.2 catalyst and the C.sub.10 -C.sub.19 fraction of the synthesized product is converted into XHVI lub oil by treating with an organic peroxide.


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Jerrel Dale Branson: System and method for extracting energy from agricultural waste. Best Biofuels c o Smithfield Foods, Hunton & Williams, January 30, 2007: US07169821 (46 worldwide citation)

The present invention relates to a process and apparatus for processing agricultural waste to make alcohol and/or biodiesel. The agricultural wastes are subjected to anaerobic digestion which produces a biogas stream containing methane, which is subsequently reformed to a syngas containing carbon mo ...