Johannes K Minderhoud, Swan T Sie: Process for the preparation of middle distillates from syngas. Shell Oil Company, June 10, 1986: US04594468 (95 worldwide citation)

Middle distillates are prepared from syngas by a two-stage series-flow process comprising (1) Fischer-Tropsch synthesis over a special Zr, Ti or Cr promoted Co-catalyst followed by (2) hydroconversion of the total synthesized product over a supported noble metal catalyst.

Bipin V Vora, Terry L Marker, Henning R Nilsen: Process for producing light olefins from crude methanol. UOP, Thomas K McBride, John G Tolomei, Richard P Silverman, February 3, 1998: US05714662 (91 worldwide citation)

A process is disclosed for the production of light olefins from a hydrocarbon gas stream by a combination of reforming, oxygenate production, and oxygenate conversion wherein a crude methanol stream--produced in the production of oxygenates and comprising methanol, light ends, and heavier alcohols-- ...

Kenneth R Purdy, Charles W Gorton, James A Knight Jr: Thermochemical conversion of biomass to syngas via an entrained pyrolysis/gasification process. Georgia Tech Research Institute, Newton Hopkins & Ormsby, February 5, 1985: US04497637 (80 worldwide citation)

Biomass feedstock raw material is converted to synthesis gas by drying and sizing biomass raw material, pyrolyzing the processed biomass in intimate mixture with inert gases such as combustion products, thereby obtaining a product mixture of char, pyrolysis oil, and pyrolysis gas, and gasifying the ...

Frederick C Jahnke, William P Volk: Removal of acidic gases in a gasification power system with production of hydrogen. Texaco, Harold J Rodman & Rodman Delhommer, July 18, 2000: US06090356 (71 worldwide citation)

This invention is an integrated process which removes acidic gases such as H.sub.2 S, COS and CO.sub.2 from raw synthesis gas. The H.sub.2 S and COS is concentrated and separately recovered. The separately recovered CO.sub.2 is used as a moderator with the purified syngas in a combustion turbine. Th ...

Leonard J Keller, Austin N Stanton: Processes and means for waste resources utilization. Geoffrey A Mantooth, August 4, 1992: US05134944 (65 worldwide citation)

Gasification, slagging, melting, and vaporizing components of waste materials and reactive carbon fuel, in variable proportions, at low pressures, using oxygen and steam reactants, effects very high temperatures, producing syngas (hydrogen and carbon monoxide), molten slag and molten metals. Integra ...

Rex R Stevens, Mark M Conway: Mixed alcohols production from syngas. The Dow Chemical Company, Charles J Enright, June 21, 1988: US04752623 (58 worldwide citation)

Mixed alcohols are produced from carbon monoxide and hydrogen gases using an easily prepared catalyst/co-catalyst metal catalyst. The catalyst metals are molybdenum, tungsten or rhenium. The co-catalyst metals are cobalt, nickel or iron. The catalyst is promoted with a Fischer-Tropsch promoter like ...

Werner O Haag, Tracy J Huang: Conversion of synthesis gas to hydrocarbon mixtures utilizing dual reactors. Mobil Oil Corporation, C A Huggett, M G Gilman, C J Speciale, July 21, 1981: US04279830 (55 worldwide citation)

The conversion of less than 1 H.sub.2 /CO ratio syngas to high yield of C.sub.3 plus product is accomplished with a CO reducing catalyst comprising shift characteristics and the product of Fischer-Tropsch synthesis is converted to premium gasoline and distillate fuels by contact with acidic ZSM-5 ze ...

Atkins Martin Philip: Process for the conversion of hydrocarbons to c2-oxygenates. Bp Chemicals, Atkins Martin Philip, DEKEZEL Eric, January 11, 2007: WO/2007/003897 (55 worldwide citation)

The present invention relates to an improved process in term of selectivity and catalyst activity and operating life for the conversion of hydrocarbons to ethanol and optionally acetic acid in the presence of a particulate catalyst, said conversion proceeding via a syngas generation intermediate ste ...


Frank Hershkowitz, Harry W Deckman, Robert P Reynolds, Constantine P Gonatas, John W Fulton, Leonard Schoenman, Jack I Ito, Leroy R Clavenna: Rapid injection catalytic partial oxidation process and apparatus for producing synthesis gas (law 562). Exxon Research and Engineering Company, Jay Simon, March 16, 1999: US05883138 (51 worldwide citation)

A novel injector/reactor apparatus and an efficient process for the partial oxidation of light hydrocarbon gases, such as methane, to convert such gases to useful synthesis gas for recovery and/or subsequent hydrocarbon synthesis. Sources of a light hydrocarbon gas, such as methane, and oxygen or an ...

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