1
John R Wolflick, Gary L Beer, Richard L Payne: Process for converting gas to liquids. Sybtroleum Corporation, Baker Botts L, January 9, 2001: US06172124 (235 worldwide citation)

A process for converting a hydrocarbon gas (e.g. natural gas) to syngas which, in turn, is converted into a liquid hydrocarbon product wherein a substantial amount of the heat generated in the process is recovered for use in generating steam needed in the process or for conversion into mechanical en ...


2
Arend Hoek, Martin F M Post, Johannes K Minderhoud, Peter W Lednor: Process for the preparation of a Fischer-Tropsch catalyst and preparation of hydrocarbons from syngas. Shell Oil Company, February 12, 1985: US04499209 (232 worldwide citation)

A Fischer-Tropsch catalyst is prepared by impregnating a silica carrier with a solution of a zirconium or titanium compound, calcining the composition thus obtained, thereafter impregnating the carrier with a cobalt compound-containing solution and calcining and reducing the composition thus obtaine ...


3
Thomas Elwood Dowdy: Coal gasification and hydrogen production system and method. Siemens Westinghouse Power Corporation, September 21, 1999: US05955039 (206 worldwide citation)

A system and method generates electricity and co-produces a hydrogen flow from coal. The electricity is generated by a turbine with a topping combustor and a solid oxide fuel cell ("SOFC") reacting syngas. The syngas is produced in a coal gasifier with a portion of the compressed air from the turbin ...


4
Kenneth Ebenes Vidalin: Methanol plant retrofit for acetic acid manufacture. Acetex, Daniel N Lundeen, May 15, 2001: US06232352 (184 worldwide citation)

The retrofitting of an existing methanol or methanol/ammonia plant to make acetic acid is disclosed. The existing plant has a reformer to which natural gas or another hydrocarbon and steam (water) are fed. Syngas is formed in the reformer. All or part of the syngas is processed to separate out carbo ...


5
Frank Hershkowitz, Harry W Deckman, Robert P Reynolds, Constantine P Gonatas, John W Fulton, Leonard Schoenman, Jack I Ito: Rapid injection process and apparatus for producing synthesis gas (law 560). Exxon Research and Engineering Company, Jay Simon, March 23, 1999: US05886056 (139 worldwide citation)

A novel injector/reactor apparatus and an efficient process for the partial oxidation of light hydrocarbon gases, such as methane, to convert such gases to useful synthesis gas for recovery and/or subsequent hydrocarbon synthesis. Sources of a light hydrocarbon gas, such as methane, and oxygen or an ...


6
Ronald C Stites, Jerrod Hohman: Methods and apparatus for selectively producing ethanol from synthesis gas. Range Fuels, O Connor & Company, Ryan P O Connor, February 8, 2011: US07884253 (132 worldwide citation)

The invention provides methods and apparatus for selectively producing ethanol from syngas. As disclosed herein, syngas derived from cellulosic biomass (or other sources) can be catalytically converted into methanol, which in turn can be catalytically converted into acetic acid or acetates. Finally, ...


7
Chornet Esteban, Valsecchi Boris, Avila Yasmin, Nguyen Betty, Lavoie Jean Michel: Production of ethanol from methanol. Enerkem, Chornet Esteban, Valsecchi Boris, Avila Yasmin, Nguyen Betty, Lavoie Jean Michel, SMART PO Box 2999 Station D 900 55 Metcalfe Street Ottawa Ontario K1P 5Y6, September 3, 2009: WO/2009/105860 (110 worldwide citation)

A process for converting methanol to ethanol which comprises reacting methanol and carbon monoxide in the presence of a catalyst to produce a product comprising at least 25 mole% methyl acetate and, in some instances, acetic acid. The acetic acid then is reacted with at least one alcohol to produce ...


8
Martin Philip Atkins: Process for the conversion of hydrocarbons to C2-oxygenates. BP Chemicals, Nixon & Vanderhye, November 30, 2010: US07842844 (100 worldwide citation)

Process for the conversion of hydrocarbons to ethanol and optionally acetic acid by converting hydrocarbon in a syngas reactor into a stream A comprising a mixture of carbon oxide(s) and hydrogen preferably having a H2/CO molar ratio between 1.5 and 2.5, converting at least part of stream A in the p ...


9
Process for the conversion of hydrocarbons to ethanol. Bp, June 24, 2009: EP2072492-A1 (100 worldwide citation)

The present invention relates to a process for the conversion of a carbonaceous feedstock to ethanol. via the formation of syngas, methanol, dimethyl ether and methyl acetate.


10
Lee G Meyer, Gerald F Cavaliere: Co-generation system for co-producing clean, coal-based fuels and electricity. Carbon Fuels Corporation, Lee G Meyer, July 21, 1992: US05132007 (99 worldwide citation)

A method for preparing coal-derived fuel compositions while simultaneously producing electricity by utilizing a novel co-generation configuration employing the hydrodisproportionation of coal. Hydrodisproportionation is the short residence time decomposition and volatilization of coal to produce liq ...



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