1
Roy L Testerman, Donald J Erickson, Ralph W Bierbaum: Method and apparatus for detecting and treating obstructive sleep apnea. Medtronic, Daniel W Latham, Harold R Patton, July 30, 1996: US05540733 (266 worldwide citation)

A method for treating obstructive sleep apnea in a patient by electrical stimulation of muscles of the upper airway includes detecting an obstructive apnea and then stimulating muscles of the upper airway in response to the apnea. The apnea is detected by monitoring changes in a respiratory effort w ...


2
Robert B Strother, Joseph J Mrva, Geoffrey B Thrope: Implantable pulse generator for providing functional and/or therapeutic stimulation of muscles and/or nerves and/or central nervous system tissue. Medtronic, Shumaker & Sieffert P A, October 12, 2010: US07813809 (229 worldwide citation)

An implantable pulse generator for prosthetic or therapeutic stimulation of muscles, nerves, or central nervous system tissue, or any combination is sized and configured to be implanted in subcutaneous tissue. The implantable pulse generator includes an electrically conductive laser welded titanium ...


3
Roy L Testerman: Method and apparatus for impedance detecting and treating obstructive airway disorders. Medtronic, Daniel W Latham, Harold R Patton, July 30, 1996: US05540732 (151 worldwide citation)

A method for treating upper respiratory obstructions in a patient by electrical stimulation of muscles of the upper airway including surgically implanting a impedance sensing circuit into the patient such that the impedance sensor is capable of providing a signal characteristic of transthoracic impe ...


4
Douglas M Mechlenburg, Roger Paul Gaumond: Muscle stimulating device and method for diagnosing and treating a breathing disorder. Respironics, The Penn State Research Foundation, Michael W Haas, August 3, 2004: US06770022 (125 worldwide citation)

A device and method for magnetic stimulation of muscles for the diagnosis and relief of a breathing disorder, such as obstructive sleep apnea is disclosed. Magnetic stimulation is used to stimulate muscles which serve to stabilize the upper airway of an individual whose nocturnal apneic events are r ...


5
Robert B Strother, Joseph J Mrva, Geoffrey B Thrope: Implantable pulse generator for providing functional and/or therapeutic stimulation of muscles and/or nerves and/or central nervous system tissue. NDI Medical, Ryan Kromholz & Manion S C, July 3, 2007: US07239918 (97 worldwide citation)

Improved assemblies, systems, and methods provide an implantable pulse generator for prosthetic or therapeutic stimulation of muscles, nerves, or central nervous system tissue, or any combination. The implantable pulse generator is sized and configured to be implanted subcutaneous a tissue region. T ...


6
Roy L Testerman: Method and apparatus for pressure detecting and treating obstructive airway disorders. Medtronic, Daniel W Latham, Harold R Patton, July 30, 1996: US05540731 (89 worldwide citation)

A method for treating upper respiratory obstructions in a patient by electrical stimulation of muscles of the upper airway including surgically implanting a pressure sensor into the patient such that the pressure sensor is capable of providing a signal characteristic of intrathoracic pressure in the ...


7
Richard L Lieber: Method and apparatus for adaptive closed loop electrical stimulation of muscles. The Regents of the University of California, Brown Martin Haller & McClain, June 13, 1989: US04838272 (79 worldwide citation)

A method and apparatus for strengthening skeletal muscles through maximizing muscle tension in which electrical stimulation signals are applied to the selected muscles at a predetermined frequency, pulse width, and amplitude, and work output by the muscles in response to stimulation signals is deter ...


8
Douglas M Mechlenburg, Rodger P Gaumond: Muscle stimulating device and method for diagnosing and treating a breathing disorder. RIC Investments, The Penn State Research Foundation, Michael W Haas, May 6, 2008: US07367935 (59 worldwide citation)

A device and method for magnetic stimulation of muscles for the relief of a breathing disorder, such as obstructive sleep apnea is disclosed. Magnetic stimulation is used to stimulate muscles which serve to stabilize the upper airway of an individual whose nocturnal apneic events are related to dimi ...


9
Jankelson Bernard: Disposable electrodes for electrical stimulation of muscles and nerves of the head. July 17, 1973: US3746004 (51 worldwide citation)

Disposable electrodes capable of conforming to irregular skin surfaces comprise a flexible, electrically nonconductive planar sheet material having one surface thereof coated with a skin adhesive adapted to be applied directly to the skin of the patient, the nonconductive planar body having a projec ...


10
Takaaki Hara: Apparatus for therapeutical treatment and stimulation of muscles by low-frequency oscillating electric current. Hakuju Institute for Health Science, Larson Taylor and Hinds, July 5, 1977: US04033356 (37 worldwide citation)

An apparatus for therapeutical treatment and stimulation of muscles in a human body comprises a housing containing a low-frequency oscillating electric circuit having dry cells as power source and an electrode section having two electrodes electrically connected and replaceably associated with the h ...