21
David A Kaisaki, Heather K Kranz, Thomas E Wood, L Charles Hardy: Method of planarizing the upper surface of a semiconductor wafer. 3M Innovative Properties Company, Daniel R Pastirik, Colene H Blank, February 27, 2001: US06194317 (113 worldwide citation)

This invention pertains to a method of modifying or refining a surface of a wafer suited for semiconductor fabrication. This method may be used to modify a wafer having an unmodified, exposed surface comprised of a layer of a second material deployed over at least one discrete feature of a first mat ...


22
Randolph A Strauss: Drag operation gesture controller. Adobe Systems Incorporated, Fish & Richardson P C, May 2, 2000: US06057844 (113 worldwide citation)

A method and system for refining the function performed by a drag operation during the drag operation. After a drag operation begins, a "Drag Toolbar" appears with controls that change the current function of the drag operation when the cursor is moved over a selected control. In the preferred embod ...


23
Alfred G Comolli, Lap Keung Lee: Catalytic multi-stage process for hydroconversion and refining hydrocarbon feeds. Hydrocarbon Technologies, Fred A Wilson, February 20, 2001: US06190542 (104 worldwide citation)

A multi-stage catalytic hydrogenation and hydroconversion process for heavy hydrocarbon feed materials such as coal, heavy petroleum fractions, and plastic waste materials. In the process, the feedstock is reacted in a first-stage, back-mixed catalytic reactor with a highly dispersed iron-based cata ...


24
Jerome M Kurtzberg, Menachem Levanoni: Method and apparatus suitable for optimizing an operation of a self-guided vehicle. International Business Machines Corporation, Stephen C Kaufman Esq, McGuireWoods, December 26, 2000: US06167332 (103 worldwide citation)

Method suitable for optimizing an operation of a self-guided vehicle. The method includes steps for incorporating a self-guided capability as part of the operation of the vehicle, the operation further including a mapping technique for soliciting information required for vehicle motion from a first ...


25
James L Gaddy: Biological production of products from waste gases. Bioengineering Resources, Howson & Howson, January 22, 2002: US06340581 (102 worldwide citation)

A method and apparatus are designed for converting waste gases from industrial processes such as oil refining, and carbon black, coke, ammonia, and methanol production, into useful products. The method includes introducing the waste gases into a bioreactor where they are fermented to various product ...


26
Manoj Das, John Liang, Peter Lim, Emanuel Gerald Noik, Doug Smith, Rahim Yaseen: Progressive refinement model for business processes. Siebel Systems, Campbell Stephenson, October 5, 2010: US07809597 (96 worldwide citation)

In one embodiment, a method for refining a business process model includes receiving business process data pertaining to a first phase of a business process definition from a first class of users, creating a model of a business process using the business process data received from the first class of ...


27
Szekely Andrew Geza: Apparatus for refining molten aluminum. Union Carbide Corporation, July 3, 1973: US3743263 (96 worldwide citation)

The apparatus of the invention is capable of injecting gas in the form of small discrete bubbles into a mass of molten metal. The apparatus comprises a rotatable shaft coupled to drive means at its upper end and a vaned rotor at its lower end. Gas under sufficient pressure to be injected into the me ...


28
Steven Michael Morrison: System and method for automatically determining a set of variables for use in creating a process model. Fisher Rosemount Systems, Marshall O Toole Gerstein Murray & Borun, March 10, 1998: US05727128 (95 worldwide citation)

A process modeling system and method develop a set of process model inputs for a process model, such as a neural network, from values for a number of process input variables and at least one process output variable. The system and method first determine a correlation measurement between each of the ...


29
Adam J Katz, Ramon Llull, J William Futrell, Marc H Hedrick, Frank R Walters: System and method for refining liposuctioned adipose tissue. University of Pittsburgh, Debra M Parrish, November 13, 2001: US06316247 (95 worldwide citation)

A device and method for producing refined adipose tissue for use in autologous adipose transplantation or research wherein a sterile environment is maintained. More particularly, a system for refining tissue comprising a first flexible container, a second flexible container having a plurality of por ...


30
Atsushi Sato, Keiji Endo, Shigenobu Kawakami, Hitoshi Yanagishita, Shozo Hayashi: Electrical insulating oil and oil-filled electrical appliances. Nippon Petrochemicals Company, Scully Scott Murphy & Presser, October 21, 1986: US04618914 (94 worldwide citation)

An improved electrical insulating oil which is stable in refining treatment and good electrical properties are maintained under high temperature conditions, and oil-filled electrical appliances impregnated therewith. The electrical insulating oil comprises 1,1,-diarylalkenes which are represented by ...



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