51
Eric Pierre de Rouffignac, Harold J Vinegar, John Michael Karanikas, Ilya Emil Berchenko, George Leo Stegemeier, Kevin Albert Maher, Etuan Zhang, Thomas David Fowler, Robert Charles Ryan, Scott Lee Wellington: In situ thermal processing of a coal formation with heat sources located at an edge of a coal layer. Shell Oil Company, August 29, 2006: US07096941 (168 worldwide citation)

A coal containing formation may be treated using an in situ thermal process. A mixture of hydrocarbons, H2, and/or other formation fluids may be produced from the formation. Heat may be applied to the formation to raise a temperature of a portion of the formation to a pyrolysis temperature. Heat sou ...


52
Jack F Clearman, Thomas L Gentry, Gary R Shelar: Smoking article with tobacco jacket. R J Reynolds Tobacco Company, Grover M Myers, David G Conlin, July 12, 1988: US04756318 (168 worldwide citation)

The present invention preferably relates to a smoking article which is capable of producing substantial quantities of aerosol, both initially and over the useful life of the product, without significant thermal degradation of the aerosol former and without the presence of substantial pyrolysis or in ...


53
Prats Michael: Method for producing shale oil from an oil shale formation. Shell Oil Company, July 20, 1971: US3593789 (166 worldwide citation)

A method for producing shale oil from a subterranean oil shale formation by controlled in situ combustion by exploding a relatively high energy device within an oil shale formation thereby forming a fragmented vertically extensive zone of rubble having a substantially void space at the top thereof. ...


54
Ruel C Terry: Methods of fluidized production of coal in situ. In Situ Technology, January 24, 1978: US04069868 (162 worldwide citation)

A method of producing combustible gases, synthetic crude oils, coal chemicals and heat from coal in situ utilizes the combined teachings of in situ gasification, liquefaction and pyrolysis in separated coal blocks.


55
Donald L Roberts, Carl C Morrison, Johnny L Brooks, Evon L Crooks, Bradley J Ingebrethsen: Aerosol delivery article. R J Reynolds Tobacco Company, April 11, 1989: US04819665 (157 worldwide citation)

An aerosol delivery article is capable of producing substantial quantities of smoke, both initially and over the useful lifetime of the product, without significant thermal degradation of the aerosol former and without the presence of substantial pyrolysis or incomplete combustion products or sidest ...


56
Gary R Shelar: Pipe with replaceable cartridge. R J Reynolds Tobacco Company, Grover M Myers, David G Conlin, November 24, 1987: US04708151 (155 worldwide citation)

The present invention relates to a smoking article which has the appearance of a conventional pipe. The pipe of the present invention is capable of producing substantial quantities of aerosol, preferably without significant thermal degradation of the aerosol former and without the presence of substa ...


57
Andrew J Sensabaugh Jr, Henry T Ridings, John H Reynolds IV: Smoking article. R J Reynolds Tobacco Company, Grover M Myers, David G Conlin, December 27, 1988: US04793365 (143 worldwide citation)

The present invention relates to a smoking article which produces an aerosol that resembles tobacco smoke, but contains no more than a minimal amount of incomplete combustion or pyrolysis products.


58
Krzysztof Matyjaszewski, Tomasz Kowalewski, David N Lambeth, James Spanswick, Nicolay V Tsarevsky: Process for the preparation of nanostructured materials. Carnegie Mellon University, Kirkpatrick & Lockhart Nicholson Graham, June 6, 2006: US07056455 (127 worldwide citation)

The present invention comprises a novel process for the preparation of carbon based structured materials with controlled topology, morphology and functionality. The nanostructured materials are prepared by controlled carbonization, or pyrolysis, of precursors comprising phase separated copolymers. T ...


59
Martin Moskovits, Jing Li, Thomas L Haslett: Controlled synthesis and metal-filling of aligned carbon nanotubes. Martin Moskovits, Jing Li, Thomas Haslett, Lynn C Hill & Schumacher Schumacher, October 10, 2000: US06129901 (124 worldwide citation)

The present invention provides a powerful new method for producing, uniform sized and uniformly aligned nanotubes through catalytic pyrolysis of a hydrocarbon within the dense, uniform and parallel pores of alumina nano-templates. The catalyst, Co, Fe, Ni or another suitable substance is deposited e ...


60
Thomas A Perfetti, Amos E Westmoreland: Smoking article. R J Reynolds Tobacco Company, May 15, 1990: US04924883 (122 worldwide citation)

A cigarette-type smoking article has a short tobacco-containing fuel element, a passageway for mainstream tobacco smoke flow, a flavor source which provides enhanced flavor to the tobacco smoke which passes therethrough, and a mouthend piece. The article is highly air diluted and the air dilution is ...



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