1
Dixon Ford, Steven Ford: Parenteral fluid warmer apparatus and disposable cassette utilizing thin, flexible heat-exchange membrane. In Touch Products Co, Workman Nydegger Jensen, September 14, 1993: US05245693 (189 worldwide citation)

An apparatus for heating parenteral fluids for intravenous delivery to a patient. The apparatus includes a disposable cassette which in one presently preferred embodiment is made up of a unitary member which is divided to form a serpentine flow path by a plurality of path separators. Thin, flexible ...


2
Robert Edward Ostrom: Cold weather hydration systems, devices, components and methods. Arctic Innovations, Woods Patent Law, April 18, 2017: US09624089 (1 worldwide citation)

Various embodiments of systems, devices, components, and methods are disclosed for heating a drinkable or other fluid, such as water and/or ice in a hydration system. Such embodiments include heating assemblies for hydration systems, hydration systems with heating elements, electronic control assemb ...