1
Israel W P Obel, Ivan Bourgeois: Implantable electrical nerve stimulator/pacemaker with ischemia for decreasing cardiac workload. Medtronic, John A Rissman, Harold R Patton, April 6, 1993: US05199428 (764 worldwide citation)

A method and apparatus for stimulating the right and/or left carotid sinus nerves or the right stellate ganglion or the epidural space at about T.sub.2 with continuous and/or phasic electrical pulses in response to detected myocardial ischemia to decrease cardiac workload as a method to protect the ...


2
Ivan Osorio, Mark G Frei: Vagal nerve stimulation techniques for treatment of epileptic seizures. Banner & Witcoff, January 22, 2002: US06341236 (588 worldwide citation)

A system and method for using electrical stimulation of the vagus nerve to treat epilepsy with minimized or no effect on the heart. Treatment is carried out by an implantable signal generator, one or more implantable electrodes for electrically stimulating a predetermined stimulation site of the vag ...


3
Kenneth A Collins: Antiarrhythmia pacer using antiarrhythmia pacing and autonomic nerve stimulation therapy. Telectronics Pacing Systems, Gottlieb Rackman & Reisman, April 20, 1993: US05203326 (562 worldwide citation)

An antiarrhythmia pacemaker detects the occurrence of an abnormal condition of a patient's heart and, in response, delivers an antiarrhythmia therapy to the patient which includes two components, electrical stimulation of the heart and electrical stimulation of nerves or ganglia in the autonomic ner ...


4
James D Causey III, Harold C Schloss, Jeffery D Snell: Interactive programming and diagnostic system for use with implantable pacemaker. Siemens Pacesetter, Bryant R Gold, Leslie S Miller, March 7, 1989: US04809697 (559 worldwide citation)

An analyzer-programmer system (30) for use with an implantable medical device, such as a cardiac pacemaker (20). The system facilitates non-invasive communications with the implantable device and makes analysis of the operation of the implantable device easier to understand and perform. The system i ...


5
Jian Dez Chen, Richard W McCallum, Ronald Williams, Robert Ross, Zhiyue Lin, Jonathan Tillack: Gastro-intestinal pacemaker having phased multi-point stimulation. The Center for Innovative Technology, Whitham Curtis Whitham & McGinn, November 25, 1997: US05690691 (507 worldwide citation)

A portable or implantable gastric pacemaker includes multiple electrodes that are positionable on the inner or outer surface of an organ in the gastro-intestinal tract and which are individually programmed to deliver a phased electrical stimulation to pace peristaltic movement of material through th ...


6
Robert S Kieval, Tom D Bettett, Stephanie Michele Fitts: Baroreflex modulation with carotid sinus nerve stimulation for the treatment of heart failure. Medtronic, Harold R Patton, Reed A Duthler, June 6, 2000: US06073048 (473 worldwide citation)

A system and method for stimulating the baroreflex arc based on levels of indicators from the body includes a pacemaker for bradycardia support pacing should the indicators show the need for support pacing. Other indicators and a process take advantage of an assumed relationship between peripheral v ...


7
Norma L Gilli: Apparatus and method employing plural electrode configurations for cardioversion of atrial fibrillation in an arrhythmia control system. Telectronics Pacing Systems, Gottlieb Rackman & Reisman, May 11, 1993: US05209229 (447 worldwide citation)

An implantable device and a method for the automatic detection of atrial arrhythmias and for providing low energy atrial cardioversion therapy for such arrhythmias, with minimal tissue damage and power drain, is disclosed. The device is capable of being incorporated within, and is disclosed as part ...


8
Donald M Cohen, James E Barcel, Michael D Hooven: Implantable blood oxygen sensor and method of use. Siemens Pacesetter, Bryant R Gold, Leslie S Miller, March 28, 1989: US04815469 (404 worldwide citation)

An implantable medical sensor (42) determines the oxygen content of blood. The sensor includes a miniaturized hybrid circuit (130) that includes light-emitting diode means (32), phototransistor means (34, 36), and a substrate (110) to which the light-emitting diode means and phototransistor means ar ...


9
Paul A Levine, Jason A Sholder, Gene A Bornzin, Joseph J Florio, Kenneth Valikai, Lisa P Weinberg: Implantable stimulation device having means for operating in a preemptive pacing mode to prevent tachyarrhythmias and method thereof. Pacesetter, May 2, 2000: US06058328 (390 worldwide citation)

Preemptive tachyarrhythmia pacing is provided in an implantable cardiac-stimulation device, such as an implantable pacemaker or defibrillator, by modifying the operation of the implantable device in a way that minimizes the likelihood of occurrence of a tachyarrhythmia. The behavior modification is ...


10
Joseph P Ilvento: Self-contained, self-powered temporary intravenous pacing catheter assembly. Lyon & Lyon, December 1, 1998: US05843132 (379 worldwide citation)

A self-powered, self-contained, intravenous pacing catheter assembly for use in temporary intravenous cardiac pacing therapy, wherein all components of the assembly may be operated and maintained in a sterile environment proximate a patient entry site. In a preferred embodiment, a miniature pacemake ...