51
Colin M Waters, Timothy J Noakes, Ian Pavey, Chiyoji Hitomi: Liquid crystal devices. Imperial Chemical, Cushman Darby & Cushman, February 18, 1992: US05088807 (27 worldwide citation)

A liquid crystal device comprises a layer of fibers or filaments (15) permeated with liquid crystal material, the layer (15) being located between electrodes (13, 14) by means of which an electric field can be applied across the layer to vary the transmissivity of the liquid crystal/fiber composite. ...


52
Greubel Waldemar, Krueger Hans, Wolff Ulrich: Liquid crystal color display system. Siemens Aktiengesellschaft, Hill Gross Simpson Van Santen Steadman Chiara & Simpson, August 12, 1975: US3899786 (27 worldwide citation)

Apparatus for originating and displaying color data utilizing liquid crystal which can be selectively energized to produce desired colors and patterns wherein in one embodiment the pattern is determined by electrical signals applied to the liquid crystal at particular locations thus giving a display ...


53
Dietrich Meyerhofer, Alan Sussman: Liquid crystal devices of the surface aligned type. RCA Corporation, Glenn H Bruestle, Birgit E Morris, July 6, 1976: US03967883 (27 worldwide citation)

For the purpose of controlling the alignment of the molecules of a liquid crystal material, one or more inside surfaces of the device enclosure is coated with successive slant evaporated layers. In one embodiment, the first or bottom layer is deposited at a comparatively high angle of deposition rel ...


54
Carolyn Bowry: Apparatus and method for driving a ferroelectric liquid crystal device. The General Electric Company, Kirschstein et al, February 8, 1994: US05285214 (24 worldwide citation)

In a method of driving a matrix of ferroelectric liquid crystal devices in a TDM mode, each strobing signal comprises first and second pulses (20,21) of opposite polarities and of different amplitudes, together with a dc voltage (26) which is applied from the end of the second pulse to the beginning ...


55
Austin L Huang, Richard M Knox: Separating white light into polarized, colored light. Duke University, Myers Bigel Sibley & Sajovec, December 3, 2002: US06490017 (24 worldwide citation)

An electro-optic shutter is provided that includes first and second liquid crystal devices located along an optical path and first and second color-selective layers located between the first and second liquid crystal devices. Each liquid crystal device is adapted to rotate the polarization of incide ...


56
Colin M Waters, Edward P Raynes: Liquid crystal devices with particular cholesteric pitch-cell thickness ratio. The Secretary of State for Defence in Her Britannic Majesty s Government of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, Cushman Darby & Cushman, June 24, 1986: US04596446 (23 worldwide citation)

A liquid crystal device comprises a layer of long pitch cholesteric liquid crystal material incorporating a pleochroic dye. The layer is contained between two cell walls surface treated to align liquid crystal molecules in a tilted homogeneous structure. The surface alignment and natural pitch of th ...


57
Peter J Miller: Liquid crystal devices and systems using such devices. Cambridge Research and Instrumentation, Robert F O Connell, July 18, 1989: US04848877 (22 worldwide citation)

A liquid crystal device which uses parallel transparent plates having a nematic crystal material which is free of chiral or twisting additives positioned therebetween. The device applies an AC carrier modulated signal to establish an electric field across the material, the modulation level thereof c ...


58
Akira Mase: Method for manufacturing an electro-optical device. Semiconductor Energy Laboratory, Sixbey Friedman Leedom & Ferguson, January 12, 1993: US05178571 (22 worldwide citation)

A method for manufacturing an electro-optical device is disclosed. The first step of the method is distributing on a substrate at a thickness of 1 to 500 pm a mixture which comprises spacers having a diameter of 1 to 50 pm and plastic spherical covers having an inner diameter of 0.2 to 50 pm and con ...


59
Noel A Clark, Sven T Lagerwall: Surface stabilized ferroelectric liquid crystal devices. Cushman Darby & Cushman, January 28, 1992: US05083855 (22 worldwide citation)

A liquid crystal device including a ferroelectric liquid crystal disposed between plates treated to enforce a particular ferroelectric molecular orientation to the plates. The devices employ alone or in combination non-planar boundary conditions, polar boundary conditions, boundaries with multiple p ...


60
Sven T Lagerwall, Jurgen Wahl: Electronic addressing of ferroelectric and flexoelectric liquid crystal devices. R L S T Lagerwall, Young & Thompson, February 27, 1990: US04904064 (21 worldwide citation)

A driving method is provided for arrays of liquid crystal elements having a linear response to an applied electric field, and specifically ferroelectric liquid crystals capable of two surface-stabilized states. The presented schemes write simultaneously both states in one scan of the array, recogniz ...