1
Leo B Tuason: Laparoscopic surgery simulator and method of use. April 4, 1995: US05403191 (83 worldwide citation)

An apparatus used in simulating the human body cavity whereby an individual user can practice endoscopic surgical procedures by duplicating the operative steps performed on actual true to life condition for the purpose of learning the art and constantly improving the skill of eye-hand coordination a ...


2
Yevgeniy Fedotov, Joshua M Rust, Sara K Little, Kryztopher D Tung, Ian O Trucco, Weng Kai K Lee, Jeffrey R Townsend: Laparoscopic surgery simulator. Covidien, June 25, 2013: US08469716 (32 worldwide citation)

A surgical simulation system for demonstrating a laparoscopic surgical instrument includes a frame defining an internal cavity for supporting an object simulative of human tissue. A wall is coupled to the frame and obstructs a view of the cavity from a surgical vantage point. The wall is constructed ...


3
Yevgeniy Fedotov, Joshua M Rust, Sara K Little, Kryztopher D Tung, Ian O Trucco, Weng Kai K Lee, Jeffrey R Townsend: Laparoscopic Surgery Simulator. TYCO Healthcare Group, August 9, 2012: US20120202179-A1

A surgical simulation system for demonstrating a laparoscopic surgical instrument includes a frame defining an internal cavity for supporting an object simulative of human tissue. A wall is coupled to the frame and obstructs a view of the cavity from a surgical vantage point. The wall is constructed ...


4
PAN JUNJUN, ZHAO QINPING, WANG LILI, HAO AIMIN, LI SHUAI: [ZH] 一种带有力反馈的虚拟腹腔镜手术模拟器, [EN] Virtual laparoscopic surgery simulator with force feedback function. BEIHANG UNIVERSITY, yang huameng li xinhua, July 23, 2014: CN106889101

[EN] The invention discloses a virtual laparoscopic surgery simulator with a force feedback function. The simulator is used for assisting surgeons in completing simulated training of laparoscopic surgeries, and comprises the following five parts, wherein the first part comprises a metal frame and a ...