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Christopher C Toly: Laparoscopic and endoscopic trainer including a digital camera with multiple camera angles. Ronald M Anderson, August 30, 2011: US08007281 (23 worldwide citation)

A videoendoscopic surgery training system includes a housing defining a practice volume in which a simulated anatomical structure is disposed. Surgical instruments can be inserted into the practice volume to access the anatomical structure. A digital video camera is disposed within the housing to im ...


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Christopher Toly: Laparoscopic and endoscopic trainer including a digital camera with multiple camera angles. Law Offices Of Ronald M Anderson, October 19, 2006: US20060232664-A1

A videoendoscopic surgery training system includes a housing defining a practice volume in which a simulated anatomical structure is disposed. Surgical instruments can be inserted into the practice volume to access the anatomical structure. A digital video camera is disposed within the housing to im ...