51
David S Lieberman: System and method for an improved calorimeter for determining thermodynamic properties of chemical and biological reactions. Lyon & Lyon, February 27, 2001: US06193413 (34 worldwide citation)

A system and method for an improved calorimeter for determining thermodynamic properties of biological and chemical reactions. A microcalorimeter device comprises a thin amorphous membrane anchored to a frame. Thermometers and heaters are placed on one side of a thermal conduction layer mounted on t ...


52
Rodney L Biltonen, Donald B Mountcastle, Jaak Suurkuust: Differential calorimeter based on the heat leak principle. University of Va Alumni Patents Foundation, Oblon Fisher Spivak McClelland & Maier, March 17, 1981: US04255961 (33 worldwide citation)

A differential scanning calorimeter based on the heat leak principle having a reference measuring cell and a sample measuring cell symmetrically seated within a copper heat sink surrounded by an isothermal shield. Each measuring cell includes a cylindrical stainless steel ampoule which contains a te ...


53
Joachim Wunning: Pass-through furnace for heat recovery in the heat treatment of aggregates of metallic articles or parts. Frishauf Holtz Goodman & Woodward, April 15, 1986: US04582301 (33 worldwide citation)

For recovery of heat, aggregates of metallic articles through which gas can flow are carried in a succession of baskets through a preheat zone, a treatment zone and a cooling zone of a heat treatment furnace and a heat transfer gas is constrained to flow vertically through the baskets in succession, ...


54
Nathan Sclar: Thermoelectric infrared detector array. Rockwell International Corporation, H Fredrick Hamann, Craig O Malin, December 10, 1985: US04558342 (33 worldwide citation)

The detecting element of a thermoelectric infrared detector consists of p-n junctions of a thermopile which are located on a thin layer of unsupported silicon dioxide. The silicon dioxide spans an opening which extends through a silicon semiconductor substrate. The reference junctions of the thermop ...


55
Michael P DeFrank, Robert J Rosati: Thermally isolated probe for biomedical apparatus and method of communicating energy there through. Alaris Medical Systems, Fulwider Patton Lee & Utecht, December 18, 2001: US06332090 (32 worldwide citation)

The thermal isolation apparatus for the protruding probe of a biomedical thermometer includes an insulative air gap and a heat sink disposed between the surface of the probe and the optical path through the probe. The heat sink surrounds the optical path, such as a waveguide, and acts to evenly dist ...


56
Shevlin Thomas S: Casserole for storing and cooking foodstuffs. April 3, 1973: US3725645 (32 worldwide citation)

This invention is directed to a device and system for cooking foods from a refrigerated or a frozen state to an edible state directly in the refrigerated or frozen environment. One or more cooking receptacles or casseroles containing foodstuff are placed in a chamber maintained at desired refrigerat ...


57
Buchan William R, Genthe James E, Mayer Edward F, Moore Robert A: Electrophotographic copier. Itek Corporation, Blair Homer O, Nathans Robert L, Brook David E, December 2, 1975: US3923392 (32 worldwide citation)

An electrophotographic copier is disclosed having a rotatable photoconductive drum, means to apply a uniform electrostatic charge pattern thereto, means to expose the uniform charge pattern to a light image of an original, and unique development, transfer and fusing systems. The development system i ...


58
T Jerome Weber: Apparatus for baking resist on semiconductor wafers. GCA Corporation, Kenway & Jenney, May 21, 1985: US04518848 (32 worldwide citation)

In the resist baking apparatus disclosed herein, heating of the wafer is effected by direct contact with a thin disc-like heating plate whose heat capacity is not greatly disparate from that of the wafer. The heating plate is initially brought to a temperature higher than that which is to be applied ...


59
James P Hart, Wesley W Roberts, Charles G Geurts: Thermoforming machine with controlled cooling station. Penda Corporation, Lathrop & Clark, April 15, 1997: US05620715 (31 worldwide citation)

A four-station rotary thermoformer has a rotary carriage which transports a sheet of thermoplastic material clamped on a subframe through a load/unload station; a heating station; a forming station where the sheet is molded; and a cooling station removed from the mold where the part is cooled on the ...


60
Tsutomu Iimura, Ryoichi Shibata, Yukiharu Takada: Directly-heating roller for fuse-fixing toner images. Hitachi Metals, Finnegan Henderson Farabow Garrett & Dunner, February 9, 1988: US04724305 (31 worldwide citation)

The roller has a roller body having a small heat capacity, a bonding layer formed substantially uniformaly on the outer peripheral surface of the roller body, a lower insulating layer provided on the bonding layer; a heat generating layer provided on the lower insulating layer and having a ceramic m ...



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