11
Seymour Edelman: Opto-acoustic transducer and telephone receiver. Brady O Boyle & Gates, June 8, 1982: US04334321 (79 worldwide citation)

An optical fiber element of low density, low heat capacity, a large coefficient of thermal expansion, and a large Young's modulus varies in light transmissivity gradually between its ends from high transmissivity to opacity, whereby power modulated light transmitted through the fiber element is abso ...


12
Kazuo Kuroiwa: Underground heat exchanging apparatus. Beveridge DeGrandi & Weilacher, May 3, 1988: US04741388 (77 worldwide citation)

A new and unique underground heat exchanging apparatus of the type including a first heat insulating tube and a second heat exchangeable tube connected to the former at the lower end of the latter. Both the first and second tubes are inserted downwardly into a deep hole drilled in the ground. The ap ...


13
Hitoshi Tanaka: Process and apparatus for chemical vapor deposition. Fujitsu, Staas & Halsey, February 25, 1992: US05091207 (72 worldwide citation)

A process for chemical vapor deposition, in which a reactant gas is introduced into a reaction furnace containing a substrate on which a deposited layer is formed by a chemical reaction of the introduced reactant gas, and a used gas resulting from the chemical reaction is exhausted from the furnace ...


14
Seymour Edelman, Aime S DeReggi: Opto-acoustic transducer for a telephone receiver. Brady O Boyle & Gates, March 5, 1985: US04503564 (66 worldwide citation)

A sound producing diaphragm of low density, low heat capacity, a large coefficient of thermal expansion and a large Young's modulus is located adjacent the end of an optical fiber transmission line element which is adapted to propagate modulated light and transmit the light outwardly therefrom parti ...


15
Suresh P Babu, Gerald L Anderson, Satyendra P Nandi: Process for gasification of cellulosic materials. Institute of Gas Technology, Thomas W Speckman, Ann W Speckman, October 13, 1987: US04699632 (66 worldwide citation)

A process for gasification of cellulosic materials in a single gasification vessel wherein the cellulosic materials are introduced directly into a single back-mixed fluidized bed of high heat capacity inert solids. The fluidized bed is maintained at temperatures of about 1200.degree. to about 1600.d ...


16
Hiroshi Yoshinaga, Shinichi Namekata, Hiroyuki Shimada, Masanao Ehara, Hirofumi Ogawa, Tadashi Ogawa, Ippel Fujimoto: Image forming apparatus, fixing apparatus and toner. Ricoh Company, Harness Dickey & Pierce, March 24, 2009: US07509085 (63 worldwide citation)

An image forming apparatus includes an image forming mechanism and a fixing mechanism. The fixing mechanism fixes a visible image formed by the image forming mechanism onto a recording sheet. The fixing mechanism includes a first roller, a second roller, a belt, a third roller, and an applicator. Th ...


17
Gerhard Emmerling, Frank Zuther, Andreas Doring: Method for metering a reducing agent into NO.sub.x -containing exhaust gas of an internal combustion engine. MAN Nutzfahrzeuge, Robert W Becker & Associates, September 19, 2000: US06119448 (62 worldwide citation)

In a method for metering a reducing agent into a NO.sub.x containing exhaust gas of an internal combustion engine before the exhaust gas enters the catalytic convertor having at least NO.sub.x reducing activity, a minimal heat capacity, and a minimal storage capacity for a reducing agent, the engine ...


18
Satoshi Kinouchi, Osamu Takagi: Heating mechanism for use in image forming apparatus. Kabushiki Kaisha Toshiba, Toshiba Tec Kabushiki Kaisha, Foley & Lardner, November 4, 2003: US06643491 (62 worldwide citation)

Disclosed is a fixing apparatus in which a cylindrical roller having a thin metal layer is heated by an induction heating. In order to shorten the rising time required for elevating the temperature from the stopped state to a predetermined temperature in fixing a toner image transferred onto a paper ...


19
George Liang Tai Chiu, Gareth Geoffrey Hougham, Lawrence Shungwei Mok: Electronic component cooling using a heat transfer buffering capability. International Business Machines Company, Daniel P Morris, Alvin J Riddles, November 23, 1999: US05987890 (60 worldwide citation)

Heat transfer out of a housing for a locallized source of heat such as that produced by a semiconductor chip of electronic apparatus is provided by a low thermal impedance heat transfer member such as a heat pipe, a thermal reservoir or heat transfer buffering member and a Peltier effect device inte ...


20
Werner Hagen, Johannes Lagois, Dieter Pruss: Infrared radiator. Dragerwerk, McGlew and Tuttle, February 17, 1987: US04644141 (57 worldwide citation)

A radiation source for infrared radiation includes an area radiator and a resistance layer which are arranged on a support substrate. The heat capacity of the radiation source is to be reduced to the extent that a modulation of the intensity of the radiation source with sufficiently high frequencies ...



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