71
William F Wilke, Alan G Hutcheson, Richard D Ross: Electronic game apparatus and method. Phillips Moore Weissenberger Lempio & Majestic, June 6, 1978: US04093223 (54 worldwide citation)

An electronic apparatus for simulating athletic contests is disclosed. A specific embodiment of the apparatus is a football game including a simulated playing field, wherein the play execution and play outcome for each play is displayed in real time. Two opposing players are alternatively on defense ...


72
Raymond F Tonkel: Cushioning and impact absorptive means for footwear operative component. Kangaroos U, Paul M Denk, February 21, 1989: US04805319 (54 worldwide citation)

This invention pertains to the encapsulation of a cellular insert, formed of various woven cellular components, or fabricated to a grooved design formed of a series of linearly woven strands, each of which presents various voids or cavities within their formed structure, and then foamed in place wit ...


73
Lemelson Jerome H, Elfman Allan M: Ball for target games. November 4, 1975: US3917271 (54 worldwide citation)

Structures are provided in missiles for use in toy target games and the like having a multitude of upstanding hook-like formations secured thereto and operable to retain the missiles against a target surface. In one form, a missile in the shape of a hollow spheroid is moulded of plastic and includes ...


74
Raymond H Pelfrey: Football punting shoe. Naylor Neal & Vilkema, January 3, 1978: US04065861 (54 worldwide citation)

A pair of impactor elements are fixedly attached to a football shoe along the side and even with the top and sides of the arch of the foot. These impactors are provided with planar ball impacting surfaces which materially increase the area of contact between the shoe and the football. These impactor ...


75
Heino Arff: Cleat system for sports shoes, especially football shoes. ITW Ateco, John P O Brien, Thomas W Buckman, October 13, 1987: US04698923 (53 worldwide citation)

A cleat system for sports shoes, especially football shoes, comprising a downward opening socket in the outsole, provided with at least two circumferentially spaced first supporting surfaces at the inside thereof facing away from the socket opening, a cleat body, a fastening portion connected to the ...


76
Nelson F Newcomb, Nelson F Newcomb Jr: Illuminated playball. C Yardley Chittick, January 11, 1977: US04002893 (53 worldwide citation)

The invention comprises a hollow self-supporting ball, in the form of a football, basketball, volleyball, etc. made of translucent plastic material and having an internal source of illumination of such intensity that the ball may be used in the dark. A battery powered light source is mounted within ...


77
Claude Delacoste: Thermoplastic ball and method of manufacturing same. Delacoste & Cie, Gottlieb Rackman & Reisman, May 15, 1979: US04154789 (53 worldwide citation)

This ball made of thermoplastic material has physical properties substantially akin of those of conventional leather balls, and comprises at least two layers of thermoplastic material molten successively in a same mold and adhering completely to each other; the external layer consists of a material ...


78
George T Foster, Richard Lok: Foraminous shell foam football. Elliot A Rudell, Blakely Sokoloff Taylor & Zafman, October 14, 1997: US05676611 (52 worldwide citation)

A ball that has a foam outer shell which surrounds a hollow inner chamber. The ball is constructed by initially forming a first section and a separate second section. The first and second foam sections are attached to create a ball with an inner chamber. The outer shell and inner chamber create a mo ...


79
Cherie Alexander, Peter David Halstead, Brian Howard: Football helmet with inflatable liner. Adams USA, David W Nagle Jr, Vance A Smith, Stites & Harbison PLLC, June 13, 2000: US06073271 (52 worldwide citation)

A protective helmet incorporates an inflatable liner that has front, crown, rear, left and right side portions. To ensure uniform inflation, the inflatable liner is comprised of a plurality of inflatable cells interconnected by a series of air passageways. The liner has a front portion that extends ...


80
Joseph W Newman: Simultaneous neck strengthener, neck protector, neck rehabilitator. C Emmett Pugh & Associates, August 26, 1980: US04219193 (52 worldwide citation)

A relatively light, compact and variable neck exerciser which is worn and automatically functions throughout the entire range of neck motion as a result of natural effort an individual performs in his or her particular activity; and simultaneously acts as a neck exerciser and neck protector through ...