81
David L Brink: Enzymatic hydrolysis of biomass material. The Regents of the University of California, Flehr Hohbach Test Albritton & Herbert, May 13, 1997: US05628830 (68 worldwide citation)

A method of producing sugars and converting the sugars to ethanol in which particulate biomass resulting from hydrolysis of the hemicellulosic content of the biomass is subjected to enzymatic hydrolysis of the cellulosic content to glucose and fermentation of the glucose to ethanol. The particulate ...


82
David E Fowler, Philip G Horton, Arie Ben Bassat: Ethanol production by recombinant hosts. Bioenergy International L C, Foley & Lardner, January 30, 1996: US05487989 (68 worldwide citation)

Novel plasmids comprising genes which code for the alcohol dehydrogenase and pyruvate decarboxylase are described. Also described are recombinant hosts which have been transformed with genes coding for alcohol dehydrogenase and pyruvate. By virtue of their transformation with these genes, the recomb ...


83
Schreck David James, Balmer Norman Louis: Improved indirect process for producing ethanol. Best Energies, Schreck David James, Balmer Norman Louis, KOTTIS Nick C, January 15, 2009: WO/2009/009320 (68 worldwide citation)

Ethanol is produced by an indirect route involving fermentation of carbohydrate under homoacidogenic conditions to form acetic acid; esterifying the acid with primary alcohol containing at least 4 carbons and hydrogenating the ester to form ethanol and to recover primary alcohol for recycle. The pro ...


84
Hajime Yoshizumi, Nobuya Matsumoto, Osamu Fukuda, Osamu Fukushi: Process for producing alcohol by fermentation without cooking. Suntory, Frishauf Holtz Goodman & Woodward, April 30, 1985: US04514496 (67 worldwide citation)

Alcohol is produced in a noncooking system by mixing a ground starchy material with mashing liquor at the range that the weight ratio of mashing liquor to ground starchy material is from 1.8 to 3.4 to form a slurry, without cooking, adding to the slurry at least 3.5 units as a saccharifying power of ...


85
Ladislav J Hanka, David G Martin: Composition of matter and process. The Upjohn Company, Roman Saliwanchik, October 2, 1979: US04169888 (67 worldwide citation)

Novel antibiotic CC-1065 producible in a fermentation under controlled conditions using the new microorganism Streptomyces zelensis, NRRL 11,183. This antibiotic is active against Gram-positive bacteria, for example, Staphylococcus aureus, Bacillus subtilis, Streptococcus pyogenes, Sarcina lutea, an ...


86
Lonnie O Ingram, David P Clark: Ethanol production using engineered mutant E. coli. The University of Florida, Saliwanchik & Saliwanchik, July 2, 1991: US05028539 (67 worldwide citation)

The subject invention concerns novel means and materials for producing ethanol as a fermentation product. Mutant E. coli are transformed with a gene coding for pyruvate decarboxylase activity. The resulting system is capable of producing relatively large amounts of ethanol from a variety of biomass ...


87
Kenneth S Kang, George T Colegrove, George T Veeder: Deacetylated polysaccharide S-60. Merck & Co, Gabriel Lopez, Hesna J Pfeiffer, April 20, 1982: US04326052 (65 worldwide citation)

Deacetylated Polysaccharide S-60, prepared by deacetylating the polysaccharide S-60 produced by fermentation of Pseudomonas elodea, ATCC 31461, has valuable properties in both the clarified and non-clarified form, and is useful as an agar substitute or a shapeable room deodorant.


88
Kenneth J Williamson, Sandra Woods, Stuart E Strand: Support aerated biofilm reactor. Oregon State University, Klarquist Sparkman Campbell Leigh & Whinston, May 26, 1992: US05116506 (64 worldwide citation)

A gas permeable membrane divides a reactor vessel into a liquid compartment and a gas compartment. A biofilm is grown on the gas permeable membrane on the liquid side of the membrane. Teh gas permeable membrane is supported by the structure of the membrane itself. The biofilm is chosen from bacteria ...


89
Andrew J Sensabaugh Jr, Ronald L Parks, Arvol C Marsh Jr: Process for producing moist snuff. R J Reynolds Tobacco Company, III Joseph E Root, July 16, 1985: US04528993 (64 worldwide citation)

A method in which moist snuff is produced, differing radically from the prior art. The tobacco is hogshead-aged for only about two years. Instead of producing snuff taste characteristics through fermentation, the tobacco is cased and chemical reactions, including Maillard reactions, are induced to p ...


90
William R Barclay: Reducing corrosion in a fermentor by providing sodium with a non-chloride sodium salt. Omegatech, Sheridan Ross P C, June 25, 2002: US06410281 (63 worldwide citation)

A process is provided for growing the microflora Thraustochytrium, Schizochytrium, and mixtures thereof, which includes the growing of the microflora in fermentation medium containing non-chloride containing sodium salts, in particular sodium sulfate. In a preferred embodiment of the present inventi ...