Michael I Sherman, Carl L Elmore: Acid hydrolysis of biomass for alcohol production. Kamyr, Nixon & Vanderhye, September 16, 1986: US04612286 (77 worldwide citation)

A method of treating biomass having fermentable material is provided utilizing acid hydrolysis in a countercurrent diffusion treatment structure. By practicing the invention acid usage is minimized, pentose concentration in the hydrolysate solution is maximized, and ethanol, butanol, butanediol, and ...

Mark I Donnelly, Cynthia Sanville Millard, Ranjini Chatterjee: Method for construction of bacterial strains with increased succinic acid production. University of Chicago, Cherskov & Flaynik, December 12, 2000: US06159738 (77 worldwide citation)

A fermentation process for producing succinic acid is provided comprising selecting a bacterial strain that does not produce succinic acid in high yield, disrupting the normal regulation of sugar metabolism of said bacterial strain, and combining the mutant bacterial strain and selected sugar in ana ...

Bruce E Dale, Justin K Weaver: Process for treating cellulosic materials. Board of Trustees operating Michigan State University, Ian C McLeod, August 22, 2000: US06106888 (75 worldwide citation)

A process and screw in barrel apparatus (10) for expanding cellulosic materials is described. The expanded cellulosic material is useful as an animal feed and a nutrient source for fermentation processes.

Mahendra K Jain, Daniel Beacom, Rathin Datta: Mutant strain of C. acetobutylicum and process for making butanol. Michigan Biotechnology Institute, Quarles & Brady, March 9, 1993: US05192673 (75 worldwide citation)

A biologically pure asporogenic mutant of Clostridium acetobutylicum is produced by growing sporogenic C. acetobutylicum ATCC 4259 and treating the parent strain with ethane methane sulfonate. The mutant which as been designated C. acetobutylicum ATCC 55025 is useful in an improved ABE fermentation ...

Donald R Moles: Fluid flow module. YSI Incorporated, Thompson Hine & Flory, June 13, 2000: US06073482 (72 worldwide citation)

Microfluidic analyzers are used to sense a plurality of analytes in whole blood, diluted blood, plasma or serum. Additionally in the rapidly growing fields of cell culture growth and fermentation, it is often necessary to measure glucose, glutamine, lactate, NH3, phosphate and iron in micro-scale fl ...

Abraham M Baniel, Aharon M Eyal, Joseph Mizrahi, Betty Hazan, Rod R Fisher, Jeffrey J Kolstad, Brenda F Stewart: Lactic acid production, separation and/or recovery process. Cargill Incorporated, Dorsey & Whitney, April 23, 1996: US05510526 (72 worldwide citation)

A process for the production of lactic acid and for the separation and/or recovery of lactic acid from a lactate feed solution. A lactate feed solution preferably obtained from a fermentation broth is combined with and extracted by a water immiscible trialkyl amine in the presence of carbon dioxide. ...

Molzahn Stuart William: Fermentation processes and their products.. Bass, July 3, 1985: EP0147198-A2 (72 worldwide citation)

The invention provides a process for the production of ethanol and a protein or peptide which is heterologous to yeast which comprises fermenting an aqueous sugar-containing medium with an industrial yeast strain which has been genetically modified to be capable of expressing a heterologous protein ...

Hiroyuki Kojima, Yuri Ogawa, Kazue Kawamura, Konosuke Sano: Method of producing L-lysine by fermentation. Ajinomoto Co, Oblon Spivak McClelland Maier & Neustadt P C, March 21, 2000: US06040160 (71 worldwide citation)

A bacterium belonging to the genus Escherichia, which is transformed by introducing, into its cells, a DNA coding for a dihydrodipicolinate synthase originating from a bacterium belonging to the genus Escherichia having mutation to desensitize feedback inhibition by L-lysine and a DNA coding for an ...

George T Colegrove: Clarification of xanthan gum. Merck & Co, Donald J Perrella, J Jerome Behan, March 1, 1977: US04010071 (71 worldwide citation)

Fermentation broths and other aqueous suspensions containing a dissolved xanthan gum and suspended solids resulting from the fermentation producing the xanthan gum are clarified by treatment with a minor amount of a protease enzyme. The injectivity of aqueous solutions containing xanthan gum so clar ...

Leonard J Keller, Austin N Stanton: Processes and means for waste resources utilization. Geoffrey A Mantooth, August 4, 1992: US05134944 (71 worldwide citation)

Gasification, slagging, melting, and vaporizing components of waste materials and reactive carbon fuel, in variable proportions, at low pressures, using oxygen and steam reactants, effects very high temperatures, producing syngas (hydrogen and carbon monoxide), molten slag and molten metals. Integra ...