31
Dan Verser, Timothy J Eggeman: Process for producing ethanol. ZeaChem, Sheridan Ross P C, March 23, 2010: US07682812 (99 worldwide citation)

A process for producing ethanol including a combination of biochemical and synthetic conversions results in high yield ethanol production with concurrent production of high value coproducts. An acetic acid intermediate is produced from carbohydrates, such as corn, using enzymatic milling and ferment ...


32
Mitsuko Asai, Kazuo Nakahama, Motowo Izawa: Fermentation process of preparing demethyl maytansinoids. Takeda Chemical, Wegner & Bretschneider, November 30, 1982: US04361650 (99 worldwide citation)

Novel demethylmaytansinoids representable by the formula: ##STR1## (wherein X is Cl or H; R.sub.1 is H or acyl group) are produced from maytansinoids by means of enzymic transformation. The demethylmaytansinoids are useful as antifungal, antiprotozoal or antitumor agents.


33
Metzger James B: Method for the utilization of organic waste material. January 16, 1973: US3711392 (98 worldwide citation)

Biodegradable waste materials are utilized by forming a suspension in a fermentation tank of comminated waste materials mixed with a microbiological system of a plurality of selected types of microorganisms under conditions to decompose the waste materials. After sufficient microbial metabolic actio ...


34
James L Gaddy, Dinesh K Arora, Ching Whan Ko, John Randall Phillips, Rahul Basu, Carl V Wikstrom, Edgar C Clausen: Methods for increasing the production of ethanol from microbial fermentation. Emmaus Foundation, Howson & Howson, October 23, 2007: US07285402 (98 worldwide citation)

A stable continuous method for producing ethanol from the anaerobic bacterial fermentation of a gaseous substrate containing at least one reducing gas involves culturing a fermentation bioreactor anaerobic, acetogenic bacteria in a liquid nutrient medium; supplying the gaseous substrate to the biore ...


35
Stanley N Cohen, Herbert W Boyer: Biologically functional molecular chimeras. The Board of Trustees of The Leland Stanford Junior University, Bertram I Rowland, August 28, 1984: US04468464 (98 worldwide citation)

Method and compositions are provided for replication and expression of exogenous genes in microorganisms. Plasmids or virus DNA are cleaved to provide linear DNA having ligatable termini, which are bound to a gene having complementary termini, to provide a biologically functional replicon with a des ...


36
Schreck David James, Balmer Norman Luis: Improved homoacidogenic fermentation and indirect process for producing alcohols. Best Energies, Schreck David James, Balmer Norman Luis, KOTTIS Nick, January 15, 2009: WO/2009/009323 (98 worldwide citation)

Acid generated by homoacidogenic fermentation is esterified in the presence of fermentation medium wherein the ester is provided in a water-immiscible phase. By esterifying the acid, the pH of the fermentation medium can be maintained above that which adversely affects the microorganism used for the ...


37
Nhuan Phu Nghiem, Mark Donnelly, Cynthia S Millard, Lucy Stols: Method for the production of dicarboxylic acids. Lockhead Martin Energy Research Corporation, Shelly S Stafford, February 9, 1999: US05869301 (92 worldwide citation)

The present invention is an economical fermentation method for the production of carboxylic acids comprising the steps of a) inoculating a medium having a carbon source with a carboxylic acid-producing organism; b) incubating the carboxylic acid-producing organism in an aerobic atmosphere to promote ...


38
Robert N Corley III, Michael R Murphy, Samuel V Panno: Time-integrated sampler of bodily fluid. The Board of Trustees of the University of Illinois, Polit & Associates, March 18, 2003: US06533734 (91 worldwide citation)

An apparatus and corresponding method obtains time-integrated samples of fluid from the rumens of cattle, sheep, goats or other animals through a cannula. The apparatus allows ruminal fluid to be sampled under standard conditions. It reduces the labor required to obtain samples and allows dynamic fe ...


39
Werkwijze voor het bereiden van een alfa-amylase houdend enzymprodukt.. November 22, 1972: GB1296839-A (89 worldwide citation)

1296839 Alpha-amylase NOVO TERAPEUTISK LABORATORIUM A/S 19 May 1970 [29 May 1969 21 July 1969] 27352/69 and 36528/69 Heading C3H An enzyme material comprising alphaamylase is produced by culture of a microorganism of the species Bacillus licheniformis in a nutrient medium. The enzyme may be isolated ...


40
Avraham M Baniel, Ruth Blumberg, Klara Hajdu: Recovery of acids from aqueous solutions. Imi, Kirschstein Kirschstein Ottinger & Cobrin, June 23, 1981: US04275234 (88 worldwide citation)

Acids are recovered from their aqueous solution by an extraction process comprising a first extraction stage at which the aqueous solution is contacted with a water-immiscible extractant comprising a water-immiscible organic solvent and, dissolved therein, at least one secondary or tertiary amine in ...



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