21
Jeffrey P Knapp: Low energy extractive distillation process for producing anhydrous ethanol. University of Massachusetts, Welsh & Katz, July 30, 1991: US05035776 (129 worldwide citation)

A thermally-integrated extractive distillation process for recovering anhydrous ethanol from fermentation or synthetic feedstocks has a distillation train of four columns. Two columns are preconcentrators operated in parallel. The remaining columns are an extractive distillation dehydrating tower, a ...


22
Burke F Brush, Raphael Katzen: Hydrous alcohol distillation method and apparatus. Raphael Katzen Associates International, Merriam Marshall & Bicknell, December 22, 1981: US04306942 (122 worldwide citation)

An improved distillation method and apparatus are provided for recovering hydrous ethanol from fermentation or synthetic feedstocks. Substantial energy savings are realized by utilizing a pair of stripper-rectifier towers in which overhead vapors from one tower operating at a higher pressure supply ...


23
John R Messick, William R Ackley, George D Moon Jr: Anhydrous ethanol distillation method and apparatus. Raphael Katzen Associates International, Merriam Marshall & Bicknell, December 27, 1983: US04422903 (109 worldwide citation)

An improved distillation method and apparatus are provided for recovering anhydrous ethanol from fermentation or synthetic feedstocks. The system includes at least one stripper-rectifier tower, a dehydrating tower, and an azeotropic agent stripping tower. Substantial energy savings are realized by o ...


24
Simon F Williams, David P Martin, Tillman Gerngross, Daniel M Horowitz: Removing endotoxin with an oxdizing agent from polyhydroxyalkanoates produced by fermentation. Metabolix, Arnall Golden & Gregory, June 12, 2001: US06245537 (108 worldwide citation)

Polyhydroxyalkanoate (PHA) that contains a pyrogen such as endotoxin due to a process of producing the PHA is treated to remove the pyrogen by a process that does not affect the inherent chemical and physical properties of the PHA to obtain a biocompatible PHA. PHA produced by fermentation with a Gr ...


25
Alfred G Wheldon: Apparatus for removing water from ethanol. The Distillers Company, Sughrue Mion Zinn Macpeak and Seas, June 27, 1989: US04842693 (108 worldwide citation)

A method and apparatus for removing water from a liquid mixture of water and ethanol contacts it with liquid carbon dioxide so that the ethanol is preferentially transferred into solution, dries the solution using an adsorbent, and then recovers dry ethanol by distilling off the carbon dioxide. This ...


26
Shcreck David James, Balmer Norman Louis: Integrated facility for producing alcohol using homoacidogenic fermentation. Best Energies, Shcreck David James, Balmer Norman Louis, KOTTIS Nick C, January 15, 2009: WO/2009/009322 (108 worldwide citation)

Esters are hydro genated to provide product alcohols such as ethanol. In one aspect, the hydrogenation is conducted to substantially completely react the hydrogen and provide a hydrogenation product containing product alcohol and unreacted ester which is recycled. In another aspect, hydrogen for the ...


27
Jean S Kahan, Frederick M Kahan, Edward O Stapley, Robert T Goegelman, Sebastian Hernandez: Antibiotics. Merck & Co, Walter Patton, Julian S Levitt, J Jerome Behan, April 13, 1976: US03950357 (106 worldwide citation)

The antibiotic thienamycin is active against both gram-positive and gram-negative bacteria. The antibiotic is produced by growing a newly-found and hitherto undescribed species of Streptomyces on suitable fermentation media.


28
Hendrik Louis Bijl, Johannes Hendrik Wolf, Albert Schaap, Johannes Martinus Jacobus Visser: Preparation of microbial polyunsaturated fatty acid containing oil from pasteurized biomass. DSM, Morrison & Foerster, August 27, 2002: US06441208 (103 worldwide citation)

The present invention discloses a microbial polyunsaturated fatty acid(PUFA)-containing oil with a high triglyceride content and a high oxidative stability. In addition, a method is described for the recovery of such oil from a microbial biomass derived from a pasteurized fermentation broth, wherein ...


29
James W Bracke, Kipling Thacker: Hyaluronic acid from bacterial culture. Diagnostic, Schroeder Siegfried Vidas & Arrett, May 14, 1985: US04517295 (102 worldwide citation)

Hyaluronic acid, a polysaccharide, is prepared in high yield from streptococcus bacteria by fermenting the bacteria under anaerobic conditions in a CO.sub.2 -enriched growth medium, separating the bacteria from the resulting broth and isolating the hyaluronic acid from the remaining constituents of ...


30
Birgitte Kiær Ahring, Anne Belinda Thomsen: Method for processing lignocellulosic material. Forskningscenter Riso, Birgitte Kiær Ahring, Hunton & Williams, April 29, 2003: US06555350 (101 worldwide citation)

A method wherein lignocellulosic biomass materials are converted into combustible fuel products. In particular, the method is a continuous process, involving wet oxidation or steam explosion, for fermentatively converting such biomass materials into ethanol using a process design that permits all or ...



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