61
Stephen William Colley, Christopher Richard Fawcett, Colin Rathmell, Michael William Marshall Tuck: Process for the preparation of ethyl acetate. Davy Process Technology, Senniger Powers, October 26, 2004: US06809217 (120 worldwide citation)

Ethanol is dehydrogenated in the presence of hydrogen over a dehydrogenation catalyst, for example, a copper on silica catalyst. The liquefiable products present in the resulting intermediate reaction product mixture are selectively hydrogenated over a suitable catalyst, such as 5% ruthenium on carb ...


62
Daniel Berian John, Gracey Benjamin Patrick: Process for the production of alcohol from a carbonaceous feedstock. Bp, May 20, 2009: EP2060555-A1 (120 worldwide citation)

The present invention relates to a process for the production of ethanol from a carbonaceous feedstock; wherein the carbonaceous feedstock is first converted to synthesis gas which is then converted to ethanoic acid, which is then esterified and which is then hydrogenated to produce ethanol.


63
Carlo Rescalli, Flavio Cianci: Process for separating alcohols from mixtures of alcohols, water and other compounds. Snamprogetti S p A, Oblon Spivak McClelland Maier & Neustadt, September 12, 1995: US05449440 (117 worldwide citation)

From a mixture containing methanol, ethanol, n-propanol, isobutanol water and other high-boiling and low-boiling compounds, the claimed process enables three separate streams to be obtained, one an anhydrous stream of methanol or methanol and ethanol (I), one containing most of the n-propanol presen ...


64
Charles L Fox Jr, Shanta M Modak: Method for preparing infection-resistant materials. The Trustees of Columbia University in the City of New York, Brumbaugh Graves Donohue & Raymond, September 16, 1986: US04612337 (117 worldwide citation)

An infection-resistant polymeric material, such as polytetrafluoroethylene, for use on or within a human or animal body, for example, in the form of a vascular graft, can be prepared by an improved method which comprises the following sequence of steps: (a) soaking a polymeric material with a soluti ...


65
Daniel Berian John, Gracey Benjamin Patrick: Process for the production of alcohol from a carbonaceous feedstock. Bp, Daniel Berian John, Gracey Benjamin Patrick, DEKEZEL Eric, May 22, 2009: WO/2009/063176 (116 worldwide citation)

The present invention relates to a process for the production of ethanol from a carbonaceous feedstock, wherein the carbonaceous feedstock is first converted to synthesis gas which is then converted to ethanoic acid, which is then subject to a two stage hydrogenation process by which at least a part ...


66
Birgitte Kiær Ahring, Anne Belinda Thomsen: Method for processing lignocellulosic material. Forskningscenter Riso, Birgitte Kiær Ahring, Hunton & Williams, April 29, 2003: US06555350 (114 worldwide citation)

A method wherein lignocellulosic biomass materials are converted into combustible fuel products. In particular, the method is a continuous process, involving wet oxidation or steam explosion, for fermentatively converting such biomass materials into ethanol using a process design that permits all or ...


67
Curing of polymeric materials. David Augustine Harper, Walter Fairbairn Smith, Ici, January 31, 1947: GB585205-A (114 worldwide citation)

Organic diisocyanate modified polyesteramides are cured by heating in uniform admixture with a cellulose derivative, e.g. cellulose acetate or nitrate and benzyl cellulose, a curing agent, namely, formaldehyde or formaldehyde-liberating substance or a dichromate, and preferably a curing catalyst, na ...


68
John R Messick, William R Ackley, George D Moon Jr: Anhydrous ethanol distillation method and apparatus. Raphael Katzen Associates International, Merriam Marshall & Bicknell, December 27, 1983: US04422903 (112 worldwide citation)

An improved distillation method and apparatus are provided for recovering anhydrous ethanol from fermentation or synthetic feedstocks. The system includes at least one stripper-rectifier tower, a dehydrating tower, and an azeotropic agent stripping tower. Substantial energy savings are realized by o ...


69
DITZEL EVERT JAN: Hydrogenation of ethanoic acid to produce ethanol. BP, HILL SIMON STEPHEN, May 20, 2010: WO/2010/055285 (112 worldwide citation)

The present invention relates to a process for producing methanol and ethanol, wherein the methanol is produced from synthesis gas and the ethanol is produced via the hydrogenation of an ethanoic acid feed; characterised in that the hydrogenation of the ethanoic acid feed is carried out within the s ...


70
Alfred G Wheldon: Apparatus for removing water from ethanol. The Distillers Company, Sughrue Mion Zinn Macpeak and Seas, June 27, 1989: US04842693 (111 worldwide citation)

A method and apparatus for removing water from a liquid mixture of water and ethanol contacts it with liquid carbon dioxide so that the ethanol is preferentially transferred into solution, dries the solution using an adsorbent, and then recovers dry ethanol by distilling off the carbon dioxide. This ...



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