21
Dan W Verser, Timothy J Eggeman: Process for producing ethanol from corn dry milling. ZeaChem, Sheridan Ross P C, March 24, 2009: US07507562 (166 worldwide citation)

A process for producing ethanol by the conversion of carbohydrates from a corn dry milling process in which the bottoms fraction from distillation of ethanol in a conventional yeast fermentation is used in a process including a combination of biochemical and synthetic conversions. The process result ...


22
Gough Arthur: Improvements in or relating to chemical compounds. Ici, August 31, 1967: GB1081304-A (165 worldwide citation)

Copolymers of olefins and carbon monoxide are prepared by heating the olefin in an atmosphere of carbon monoxide in the presence of a catalyst comprising an alkyl phosphine complex of a palladium salt. Preferred catalysts are tributyl phosphine complexes, and those soluble in organic solvents, e.g. ...


23
Ben W Kiff, David J Schreck: Production of ethanol from acetic acid. Union Carbide Corporation, Bernard Francis Crowe, December 20, 1983: US04421939 (164 worldwide citation)

Ethanol is produced from acetic acid by esterifying the acetic acid with an olefin having at least 4 carbon atoms, hydrogenating the ester obtained into ethanol and a higher alcohol having at least 4 carbon atoms, removing the ethanol, dehydrating the higher alcohol back to the original olefin and r ...


24
Dennis Lee Vander Griend: Ethanol distillation process. ICM, Robert O Blinn, November 20, 2007: US07297236 (163 worldwide citation)

A process arrangement for distilling fuel grade ethanol includes a fermentation portion, a distillation portion, a condensation and dehydration portion, a separation and drying portion and an evaporation portion. The fermentation portion produces beer. The distillation portion, the condensation and ...


25
Steven W Kaiser: Production of light olefins. Union Carbide Corporation, Gary L Wamer, February 12, 1985: US04499327 (162 worldwide citation)

The process for the production of light olefins from a feedstock comprising methanol, ethanol, dimethyl ether, diethyl ether or mixtures thereof comprising contacting said feedstock with a silicoaluminophosphate molecular sieve at effective process conditions to produce light olefins.


26
Joseph M Beaurline, Patrick J Roddy, Mark A Tomai: Gel formulations for topical drug delivery. 3M Innovative Properties Company, MarySusan Howard, Ted K Ringsred, Robert W Sprague, August 17, 1999: US05939090 (159 worldwide citation)

Pharmaceutical gel formulations for topical drug delivery include drug, colloidal silicon dioxide, triacetin and, preferably, propylene glycol. The gel formulations are well suited for topical delivery of the drug 4-amino-2-ethoxymethyl-.alpha.,.alpha.-dimethyl-1H-imidazo�4,5-c!quinoline -1-ethanol, ...


27
Chee Gen Wan: Process for the preparation of ethanol from methanol, carbon monoxide _and hydrogen. The Halcon SD Group, William C Long, Riggs T Stewart, Daniel R Zirker, February 5, 1985: US04497967 (154 worldwide citation)

An integrated process for the preparation of ethanol from methanol, carbon monoxide and hydrogen feedstock is disclosed; the process featuring the steps of esterifying methanol and acetic acid to form methyl acetate; carbonylating the methyl acetate to form acetic anhydride; esterifying acetic anhyd ...


28
Dennis Lee Vander Griend: Ethanol distillation process. ICM, Robert O Blinn, August 11, 2009: US07572353 (153 worldwide citation)

A process arrangement for distilling fuel grade ethanol include a distillation portion which distills beer to produce thin stillage and hot ethanol vapor. In an evaporation portion, a set of first effect evaporators which are heated either by plant steam or hot ethanol vapor, concentrate thin stilla ...


29
Melanie Kitson, Peter S Williams: Alcohols production by hydrogenation of carboxylic acids. BP Chemicals, Brooks Haidt Haffner & Delahunty, February 5, 1991: US04990655 (151 worldwide citation)

Ethanol is produced from acetic acid or propanol is produced from propionic acid by contacting either acetic acid or propionic acid in the vapor phase with hydrogen at elevated temperature and a pressure in the range from 1 to 150 bar in the presence of a catalyst comprising as essential components ...


30
Stephen William Colley, Christopher Richard Fawcett, Mohammad Sharif, Michael William Marshall Tuck, David John Watson, Michael Anthony Wood: Process. Davy Process Technology, Senniger Powers, June 30, 2009: US07553397 (150 worldwide citation)

A process is described for the recovery of substantially pure ethyl acetate from a feedstock including ethyl acetate, ethanol and water. The process includes supplying the feedstock to a first distillation zone maintained under first distillation conditions effective for distilling from the feedstoc ...