21
Ben W Kiff, David J Schreck: Production of ethanol from acetic acid. Union Carbide Corporation, Bernard Francis Crowe, December 20, 1983: US04421939 (163 worldwide citation)

Ethanol is produced from acetic acid by esterifying the acetic acid with an olefin having at least 4 carbon atoms, hydrogenating the ester obtained into ethanol and a higher alcohol having at least 4 carbon atoms, removing the ethanol, dehydrating the higher alcohol back to the original olefin and r ...


22
Dennis Lee Vander Griend: Ethanol distillation process. ICM, Robert O Blinn, November 20, 2007: US07297236 (157 worldwide citation)

A process arrangement for distilling fuel grade ethanol includes a fermentation portion, a distillation portion, a condensation and dehydration portion, a separation and drying portion and an evaporation portion. The fermentation portion produces beer. The distillation portion, the condensation and ...


23
Joseph M Beaurline, Patrick J Roddy, Mark A Tomai: Gel formulations for topical drug delivery. 3M Innovative Properties Company, MarySusan Howard, Ted K Ringsred, Robert W Sprague, August 17, 1999: US05939090 (154 worldwide citation)

Pharmaceutical gel formulations for topical drug delivery include drug, colloidal silicon dioxide, triacetin and, preferably, propylene glycol. The gel formulations are well suited for topical delivery of the drug 4-amino-2-ethoxymethyl-.alpha.,.alpha.-dimethyl-1H-imidazo�4,5-c!quinoline -1-ethanol, ...


24
Chee Gen Wan: Process for the preparation of ethanol from methanol, carbon monoxide _and hydrogen. The Halcon SD Group, William C Long, Riggs T Stewart, Daniel R Zirker, February 5, 1985: US04497967 (153 worldwide citation)

An integrated process for the preparation of ethanol from methanol, carbon monoxide and hydrogen feedstock is disclosed; the process featuring the steps of esterifying methanol and acetic acid to form methyl acetate; carbonylating the methyl acetate to form acetic anhydride; esterifying acetic anhyd ...


25
Dennis Lee Vander Griend: Ethanol distillation process. ICM, Robert O Blinn, August 11, 2009: US07572353 (150 worldwide citation)

A process arrangement for distilling fuel grade ethanol include a distillation portion which distills beer to produce thin stillage and hot ethanol vapor. In an evaporation portion, a set of first effect evaporators which are heated either by plant steam or hot ethanol vapor, concentrate thin stilla ...


26
Melanie Kitson, Peter S Williams: Alcohols production by hydrogenation of carboxylic acids. BP Chemicals, Brooks Haidt Haffner & Delahunty, February 5, 1991: US04990655 (150 worldwide citation)

Ethanol is produced from acetic acid or propanol is produced from propionic acid by contacting either acetic acid or propionic acid in the vapor phase with hydrogen at elevated temperature and a pressure in the range from 1 to 150 bar in the presence of a catalyst comprising as essential components ...


27
Steven W Kaiser: Production of light olefins. Union Carbide Corporation, Gary L Wamer, February 12, 1985: US04499327 (150 worldwide citation)

The process for the production of light olefins from a feedstock comprising methanol, ethanol, dimethyl ether, diethyl ether or mixtures thereof comprising contacting said feedstock with a silicoaluminophosphate molecular sieve at effective process conditions to produce light olefins.


28
Stephen William Colley, Christopher Richard Fawcett, Mohammad Sharif, Michael William Marshall Tuck, David John Watson, Michael Anthony Wood: Process. Davy Process Technology, Senniger Powers, June 30, 2009: US07553397 (149 worldwide citation)

A process is described for the recovery of substantially pure ethyl acetate from a feedstock including ethyl acetate, ethanol and water. The process includes supplying the feedstock to a first distillation zone maintained under first distillation conditions effective for distilling from the feedstoc ...


29
David Rose, Horst Hoeffkes, Bernd Meinigke: Oxidation colorants comprising 2-(2,5-diaminophenyl)-ethanol compounds and 2-chloro-6-methyl-3-aminophenol compounds. Henkel Kommanditgesellschaft auf Aktien, Wayne C Jaeschke, Glenn E J Murphy, Kimberly R Hild, September 4, 2001: US06284003 (149 worldwide citation)

Oxidation dyes that contain a developer-coupler combination of 2-(2,5-diaminophenyl)-ethanol or its salt with an organic or inorganic acid and 2-chloro-6-methyl-3-aminophenol or its salt with an organic or inorganic acid are characterized by intensive blue finishes with high rubbing fastness.


30
Daniel Berian John, Gracey Benjamin Patrick: Process for the conversion of hydrocarbons into alcohol. Bp, May 20, 2009: EP2060553-A1 (147 worldwide citation)

The present invention relates to a process for the conversion of a carbonaceous feedstock to ethanol; wherein the carbonaceous feedstock is first converted to ethanoic acid, which is then hydrogenated and converted into ethanol.



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