11
James L Grady, Guang Jiong Chen: Bioconversion of waste biomass to useful products. Bioengineering Resources, Howson and Howson, October 13, 1998: US05821111 (245 worldwide citation)

A process is provided for converting waste biomass to useful products by gasifying the biomass to produce synthesis gas and converting the synthesis gas substrate to one or more useful products. The present invention is directed to the conversion of biomass wastes including municipal solid waste, se ...


12
Dan Verser, Tim Eggeman: Process for producing ethanol. ZeaChem, Sheridan Ross P C, January 21, 2003: US06509180 (231 worldwide citation)

A process for producing ethanol including a combination of biochemical and synthetic conversions results in high yield ethanol production with concurrent production of high value coproducts. An acetic acid intermediate is produced from carbohydrates, such as com, using enzymatic milling and fermenta ...


13
Dinesh C Patel, Yunik Chang: Penetration enhancement with binary system of oleic acid, oleins, and oleyl alcohol with lower alcohols. Theratech, Thorpe North & Western, September 5, 1989: US04863970 (201 worldwide citation)

Penetration-enhancing pharmaceutical compositions for topical transepidermal and percutaneous application are disclosed which are non-irritating to the skin. These compositions are made up of a safe and effective amount of an active pharmaceutical permeant, including hydrophilic salt forms, containe ...


14
Dan Verser, Tim Eggeman: Process for producing ethanol. Zea Chem, Sheridan Ross P C, August 9, 2005: US06927048 (201 worldwide citation)

A process for producing ethanol including a combination of biochemical and synthetic conversions results in high yield ethanol production with concurrent production of high value coproducts. An acetic acid intermediate is produced from carbohydrates, such as corn, using enzymatic milling and ferment ...


15
Schuster Ludwig, Franz Josef Mueller, Axel Anderlohr, Peter Blei, Gerhart Eigenberger, Bernd Hoppner, Gerd Kaibel, Wolfgang Steiner: Continuous preparation of ethanol. BASF Aktiengesellschaft, John H Shurtleff, May 14, 1985: US04517391 (177 worldwide citation)

Ethanol is prepared by hydrogenating acetic acid under superatmospheric pressure and at elevated temperatures by a process wherein a predominantly cobalt-containing catalyst is used and acetic acid and hydrogen are passed through the reactor, at from 210.degree. to 330.degree. C. and under from 10 t ...


16
Victor J Johnston, Josefina T Chapman, Laiyuan Chen, Barbara F Kimmich, James H Zink, Jan Cornelis van der Waal, Virginie Zuzaniuk: Ethanol production from acetic acid utilizing a cobalt catalyst. Celanese International Corporation, Michael W Ferrell, October 27, 2009: US07608744 (171 worldwide citation)

A process for the selective production of ethanol by vapor phase reaction of acetic acid over a hydrogenating catalyst composition to form ethanol is disclosed and claimed. In an embodiment of this invention reaction of acetic acid and hydrogen over either cobalt and palladium supported on graphite ...


17
Melanie Kitson, Peter S Williams: Alcohols production by hydrogenation of carboxylic acids. BP Chemicals, Brooks Haidt Haffner & Delahunty, February 14, 1989: US04804791 (171 worldwide citation)

Ethanol is produced from acetic acid or propanol is produced from propionic acid by contacting either acetic acid or propionic acid in the vapor phase with hydrogen at elevated temperature and a pressure in the range from 1 to 150 bar in the presence of a catalyst comprising as essential components ...


18
Hans E Grethlein, Lee R Lynd: Distillation process for ethanol. Trustees of Dartmouth College, Hamilton Brook Smith and Reynolds, June 23, 1992: US05124004 (168 worldwide citation)

A method of distillation employing a heat pump (which may be driven by a compressor) using a vapor stream from within the distillation system as a heat source and a liquid stream from within the distillation system as a heat sink. The selection of heat-source vapors and heat-sink liquid is such that ...


19
Martin P Kunstmann, Irwin J Hollander, Philip Hamann, Arthur Kunz: Methods for the preparation of monomeric calicheamicin derivative/carrier conjugates. American Cyanamid Company, Elizabeth M Barnhard, February 3, 1998: US05714586 (167 worldwide citation)

A method is provided for preparing monomeric calicheamicin derivative/carrier conjugates with higher drug loading/yield and decreased aggregation. These conjugates are prepared by incubating a calicheamicin derivative and a proteinaceous carrier in a solution comprising a non-nucleophilic, protein-c ...


20
Dan W Verser, Timothy J Eggeman: Process for producing ethanol from corn dry milling. ZeaChem, Sheridan Ross P C, March 24, 2009: US07507562 (165 worldwide citation)

A process for producing ethanol by the conversion of carbohydrates from a corn dry milling process in which the bottoms fraction from distillation of ethanol in a conventional yeast fermentation is used in a process including a combination of biochemical and synthetic conversions. The process result ...



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