11
William D Stephens: Mold release composition with polybutadiene and method of coating a mold core. TSE, Herbert W Larson, Larson & Larson P A, February 11, 1997: US05601641 (239 worldwide citation)

An aqueous reaction mixture having a pH of 4.5 to 5.5 of a methyl terminated siloxane emulsified polymer, a methyl triethoxysilane, a mixture of nonyl and octyl phenol derivative surfactants, fluorinated alkyl ester surfactant and synthetic ethoxylated amine surfactants, a silanol terminated polydim ...


12
Dan Verser, Tim Eggeman: Process for producing ethanol. ZeaChem, Sheridan Ross P C, January 21, 2003: US06509180 (229 worldwide citation)

A process for producing ethanol including a combination of biochemical and synthetic conversions results in high yield ethanol production with concurrent production of high value coproducts. An acetic acid intermediate is produced from carbohydrates, such as com, using enzymatic milling and fermenta ...


13
Dinesh C Patel, Yunik Chang: Penetration enhancement with binary system of oleic acid, oleins, and oleyl alcohol with lower alcohols. Theratech, Thorpe North & Western, September 5, 1989: US04863970 (200 worldwide citation)

Penetration-enhancing pharmaceutical compositions for topical transepidermal and percutaneous application are disclosed which are non-irritating to the skin. These compositions are made up of a safe and effective amount of an active pharmaceutical permeant, including hydrophilic salt forms, containe ...


14
Dan Verser, Tim Eggeman: Process for producing ethanol. Zea Chem, Sheridan Ross P C, August 9, 2005: US06927048 (200 worldwide citation)

A process for producing ethanol including a combination of biochemical and synthetic conversions results in high yield ethanol production with concurrent production of high value coproducts. An acetic acid intermediate is produced from carbohydrates, such as corn, using enzymatic milling and ferment ...


15
Schuster Ludwig, Franz Josef Mueller, Axel Anderlohr, Peter Blei, Gerhart Eigenberger, Bernd Hoppner, Gerd Kaibel, Wolfgang Steiner: Continuous preparation of ethanol. BASF Aktiengesellschaft, John H Shurtleff, May 14, 1985: US04517391 (176 worldwide citation)

Ethanol is prepared by hydrogenating acetic acid under superatmospheric pressure and at elevated temperatures by a process wherein a predominantly cobalt-containing catalyst is used and acetic acid and hydrogen are passed through the reactor, at from 210.degree. to 330.degree. C. and under from 10 t ...


16
Victor J Johnston, Josefina T Chapman, Laiyuan Chen, Barbara F Kimmich, James H Zink, Jan Cornelis van der Waal, Virginie Zuzaniuk: Ethanol production from acetic acid utilizing a cobalt catalyst. Celanese International Corporation, Michael W Ferrell, October 27, 2009: US07608744 (171 worldwide citation)

A process for the selective production of ethanol by vapor phase reaction of acetic acid over a hydrogenating catalyst composition to form ethanol is disclosed and claimed. In an embodiment of this invention reaction of acetic acid and hydrogen over either cobalt and palladium supported on graphite ...


17
Melanie Kitson, Peter S Williams: Alcohols production by hydrogenation of carboxylic acids. BP Chemicals, Brooks Haidt Haffner & Delahunty, February 14, 1989: US04804791 (171 worldwide citation)

Ethanol is produced from acetic acid or propanol is produced from propionic acid by contacting either acetic acid or propionic acid in the vapor phase with hydrogen at elevated temperature and a pressure in the range from 1 to 150 bar in the presence of a catalyst comprising as essential components ...


18
Hans E Grethlein, Lee R Lynd: Distillation process for ethanol. Trustees of Dartmouth College, Hamilton Brook Smith and Reynolds, June 23, 1992: US05124004 (167 worldwide citation)

A method of distillation employing a heat pump (which may be driven by a compressor) using a vapor stream from within the distillation system as a heat source and a liquid stream from within the distillation system as a heat sink. The selection of heat-source vapors and heat-sink liquid is such that ...


19
Dan W Verser, Timothy J Eggeman: Process for producing ethanol from corn dry milling. ZeaChem, Sheridan Ross P C, March 24, 2009: US07507562 (165 worldwide citation)

A process for producing ethanol by the conversion of carbohydrates from a corn dry milling process in which the bottoms fraction from distillation of ethanol in a conventional yeast fermentation is used in a process including a combination of biochemical and synthetic conversions. The process result ...


20
Gough Arthur: Improvements in or relating to chemical compounds. Ici, August 31, 1967: GB1081304-A (165 worldwide citation)

Copolymers of olefins and carbon monoxide are prepared by heating the olefin in an atmosphere of carbon monoxide in the presence of a catalyst comprising an alkyl phosphine complex of a palladium salt. Preferred catalysts are tributyl phosphine complexes, and those soluble in organic solvents, e.g. ...



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