1
Brian A Gregg, Adam Heller, Wolfgang Kerner, Michael V Pishko, Ioanis Katakis: Enzyme electrodes. Pravel Hewitt Kimball & Krieger, November 23, 1993: US05264104 (997 worldwide citation)

An improved enzyme electrode includes a three-dimensional redox polymer network having redox enzymes bound thereto, and also having a protein excluding polymeric coating.


2
Brian A Gregg, Adam Heller: Enzyme electrodes. E Heller and Company, Pravel Hewitt Kimball & Krieger, November 16, 1993: US05262035 (794 worldwide citation)

Enzyme electrodes having a surface coated with a film. The film is formed from materials in which a redox enzyme is covalently bonded to a three dimensional molecular structure. The molecular structure is of the class having multiple redox centers, for example, a crosslinked redox polymer.


3
Pankaj M Vadgama, Seamus P J Higson: Sensor devices. The Victoria University of Manchester, Cushman Darby & Cushman, July 2, 1996: US05531878 (721 worldwide citation)

Sensor devices comprising enzyme electrodes incorporating a microporous membrane coated with the carbonaceous material known as "diamond-like carbon" (most conveniently deposited by decomposition of a hydrocarbon, induced by radiation or a high electric field). The membrane material is preferably a ...


4
Brian A Gregg, Adam Heller, Wolfgang Kerner, Michael V Pishko, Ioanis Katakis: Enzyme electrodes. Pravel Hewitt Kimball & Krieger, November 23, 1993: US05264105 (710 worldwide citation)

An improved enzyme electrode includes a three-dimensional redox polymer network having redox enzymes bound thereto, and also having a protein excluding polymeric coating.


5
David P Newman: Membrane for enzyme electrodes. The Yellow Springs Instrument Company, Biebel French & Nauman, September 7, 1976: US03979274 (530 worldwide citation)

A laminated membrane for use with an enzyme electrode without the need for use of a compensating electrode. The laminated membrane comprises a layer of essentially homogeneous material such as cellulose acetate or silicone rubber which will prevent passage of even low molecular weight interfering ma ...


6
Mitsugi Senda, Tokuji Ikeda, Isao Katasho: Enzyme electrodes. Shimadzu Corporation, Sandler & Greenblum, April 11, 1989: US04820399 (480 worldwide citation)

An enzyme electrode composed of a carrier, an enzyme immobilized on a parr of the surface of the carrier, a coating film consisting of a thin film coating the portion where the enzyme is immobilized and being permeable for the substrate for the enzyme and an internal electrode capable of applying vo ...


7
Hugh P Bennetto, Gerard M Delaney, Jeremy R Mason, Christopher F Thurston, John L Stirling, David R DeKeyzer: Immobilized enzyme electrodes. Cambridge Life Sciences, St Onge Steward Johnston & Reens, November 13, 1990: US04970145 (423 worldwide citation)

Enzyme electrodes are disclosed which are capable of responding amperometrically to the catalytic activity of the enzyme in the presence of its respective substrate and comprising the enzyme immobilized or adsorbed onto the surface of an electrically conductive support member which consists of or co ...


8
Leland C Clark Jr: Cutaneous methods of measuring body substances. Children s Hospital Medical Center, Wood Herron & Evans, August 30, 1983: US04401122 (333 worldwide citation)

Cutaneous methods for measurement of substrates in mammalian subjects are disclosed. A condition of the skin is used to measure a number of important substances which diffuse through the skin or are present underneath the skin in the blood or tissue. According to the technique, an enzyme whose activ ...


9
Leland C Clark Jr: Cutaneous methods of measuring body substances. Children s Hospital Medical Center, Wood Herron & Evans, July 10, 1984: US04458686 (289 worldwide citation)

Cutaneous methods for measurement of substrates in mammalian subjects are disclosed. A condition of the skin is used to measure a number of important substances which diffuse through the skin or are present underneath the skin in the blood or tissue. According to the technique, an enzyme whose activ ...


10
William H Mullen: Enzyme electrodes and improvements in the manufacture thereof. Cambridge Life Sciences, St Onge Steward Johnston & Reens, November 3, 1992: US05160418 (288 worldwide citation)

Enzyme electrodes are disclosed consisting essentially of a uniform homogeneous layer of a finely divided platinum group metal or oxide, preferably preadsorbed onto the surface of an activated carbon or grapite powder, and deposited from suspension upon the surface of an electrically conductive subs ...