1
Brian A Gregg, Adam Heller, Wolfgang Kerner, Michael V Pishko, Ioanis Katakis: Enzyme electrodes. Pravel Hewitt Kimball & Krieger, November 23, 1993: US05264104 (997 worldwide citation)

An improved enzyme electrode includes a three-dimensional redox polymer network having redox enzymes bound thereto, and also having a protein excluding polymeric coating.


2
Brian A Gregg, Adam Heller, Wolfgang Kerner, Michael V Pishko, Ioanis Katakis: Enzyme electrodes. Pravel Hewitt Kimball & Krieger, November 23, 1993: US05264105 (710 worldwide citation)

An improved enzyme electrode includes a three-dimensional redox polymer network having redox enzymes bound thereto, and also having a protein excluding polymeric coating.


3
Skotheim Terje A, Hale Paul D, Okamoto Yoshiyuki: Electrochemical biosensor based on immobilized enzymes and redox polymers.. Ass Universities, Univ Polytechnic, October 3, 1990: EP0390390-A1 (706 worldwide citation)

The present invention relates to an electrochemical enzyme biosensor for use in liquid mixtures of components for detecting the presence of, or measuring the amount of, one or more select components. The enzyme electrode of the present invention is comprised of an enzyme, an artificial redox compoun ...


4
David A Gough: Two-dimensional diffusion glucose substrate sensing electrode. The Regents of the University of California, Brown Martin Haller & McClain, January 2, 1990: US04890620 (704 worldwide citation)

Enzyme electrode assembly suitable for sensing physiologically important molecules such as glucose wherein the rate of accessibility of enzyme substrates to the enzyme is differentially regulated by suitably positioning material with selective permeability properties around the sensing region of the ...


5
Masao Gotoh, Hiroki Mure, Hiroshi Shirakawa: Enzyme electrode structure. Nok Corporation, Jacobson Price Holman & Stern PLLC, June 6, 2000: US06071391 (601 worldwide citation)

A biosensor comprises a space part for sucking and housing a sample formed of two upper and lower plates, the two plates being stuck together by an adhesive layer, the space part for sucking and housing the sample being constituted so as to be partially opened in the peripheral part and partially cl ...


6
Kenichi Nakamura, Shiro Nankai, Takashi Iijima, Masataro Fukuda: Enzyme electrode. Matsushita Electric Industrial, Wenderoth Lind & Ponack, September 23, 1980: US04224125 (583 worldwide citation)

An enzyme electrode, which comprises an oxidoreductase including, where necessary, a coenzyme; a redox polymer acting as an electron mediator in an enzymatic reaction; and an electron collector, wherein the oxidoreductase and the redox polymer are both maintained in the immobilized state on or in th ...


7
Klaus H Pollmann, Martin T Gerber: Enzyme electrode system. Boehringer Mannheim Corporation, D Michael Young, Max J Kenemore, Marilyn L Amick, February 22, 1994: US05288636 (559 worldwide citation)

A biosensor that includes working and counter electrodes of substantially the same size and made of the same electrically conducting material. A reagent is contained in a reagent well in the biosensor. The reagent includes a redox mediator, an enzyme, and a buffer, and covers substantially equal sur ...


8
David P Newman: Membrane for enzyme electrodes. The Yellow Springs Instrument Company, Biebel French & Nauman, September 7, 1976: US03979274 (530 worldwide citation)

A laminated membrane for use with an enzyme electrode without the need for use of a compensating electrode. The laminated membrane comprises a layer of essentially homogeneous material such as cellulose acetate or silicone rubber which will prevent passage of even low molecular weight interfering ma ...


9
Mark G Shults, Christopher C Capelli, Stuart J Updike: Biological fluid measuring device. Markwell Medical Institute, Olson & Hierl, February 19, 1991: US04994167 (510 worldwide citation)

A biological fluid measuring device for determining the presence and the amounts of substances in a biological fluid without the need for dilution of the fluid comprises a main housing including electronic circuit means and at least one electrode, and a cartridge having a membrane. The cartridge is ...


10
Shiro Nankai, Mariko Kawaguri, Tashi Iijima: Biosensor and method for making the same. Matsushita Electric Industrial, Lowe Price LeBlanc Becker & Shur, January 30, 1990: US04897173 (509 worldwide citation)

This invention relates to a biosensor which comprises an insulative base, an electrode system formed on the substrate and primarily made of carbon, and a perforated body having an enzyme and an electron acceptor and integrally combined with the electrode system whereby a concentration of a specific ...