1
Charles R Slater, Matthew A Palmer, Peter Kratsch: Endoscopic end effectors constructed from a combination of conductive and non-conductive materials and useful for selective endoscopic cautery. Symbiosis Corporation, David P Gordon, March 14, 1995: US05396900 (342 worldwide citation)

A non-metallic end effector for use in an endoscopic surgical tool includes a metallic core for strength and for providing a selected electrode surface on the end effector. Selectively conductive end effectors are manufactured by insert molding a plastic or ceramic or other non-conductive body aroun ...


2
Charles R Slater, Matthew A Palmer, Peter Kratsch: Endoscopic end effectors constructed from a combination of conductive and non-conductive materials and useful for selective endoscopic cautery. Symbiosis Corporation, Finnegan Henderson Farabow Garrett & Dunner L, March 28, 2000: US06041679 (240 worldwide citation)

A non-metallic end effector for use in an endoscopic surgical tool includes a metallic core for strength and for providing a selected electrode surface on the end effector. Selectively conductive end effectors are manufactured by insert molding a plastic or ceramic or other non-conductive body aroun ...