1
Sandra L Gelinas, Daniel G Cerundolo, John E Abele: Endocardial electrode. Mansfield Scientific, June 11, 1985: US04522212 (277 worldwide citation)

An endocardial electrode assembly of three or more spring legs to be inserted into the heart, sets of electrodes on respective spring legs comprising distinctive geometrical patterns, over the ventricle-contacting span of the legs, such that the active sets of electrodes provide recognizable pattern ...


2
Citron Paul, Dickhudt Eugene A: Endocardial electrode. Medtronic, Schwartz Lew, Sivertson Wayne A, September 2, 1975: US3902501 (231 worldwide citation)

A medical electrode uniquely adapted for use as an endocardial electrode. An electrical conductor is encased in a material which is generally inert to body fluids and terminates at an exposed electrically conductive tip. A plurality of pliant tines extend from the electrode adjacent the tip and form ...


3
Donald M Cohen, James R Thacker: Travenously placed defibrillation leads. Siemens Pacesetter, Bryant R Gold, Lisa P Weinberg, Leslie S Miller, March 12, 1991: US04998975 (112 worldwide citation)

A cardiac defibrillation system and method includes an epicardial electrode for making electrical contact with the epicardium from a position within the pericardial space, an endocardial electrode for making electrical contact with the endocardium of the heart, and means for making electrical contac ...


4
Heinz Neubauer: Endocardial electrode controllable to form selected contours. Siemens Aktiengesellschaft, Hill Van Santen Steadman & Simpson, July 7, 1987: US04677990 (70 worldwide citation)

An endocardial electrode controllable to form selected contours has a flexible electrical conductor with an internal axial channel and covered with an insulating sheath. A traction element extends through the channel and is freely moveable therein and is attached to the conductor at a selected locat ...


5
Benjamin D Pless, Drew A Hoffmann, Michael B Sweeney, M Elizabeth Bush, Steven M Mitchell: Cardiac defibrillation lead having defibrillation and atrial sensing electrodes. Ventritex, Steven M Mitchell, Mark J Meltzer, M Elizabeth Bush, October 10, 1995: US05456706 (68 worldwide citation)

A lead for use with an implantable cardioverter/defibrillator system is disclosed. In the preferred embodiment, the lead combines a right ventricular endocardial electrode, a superior vena cava electrode and one or more atrial sensing electrodes on a single catheter lead. The distal end of the lead ...


6
Lars Botvidsson: Endocardial electrode arrangement. Siemens Aktiengesellschaft, Hill Van Santen Steadman & Simpson, February 10, 1987: US04641664 (63 worldwide citation)

An exemplary electrode arrangement comprises an elongated electrical conductor with a covering of electrical insulation and with an electrode head electrically connected to the distal end of the conductor for supplying stimulation pulses to the heart. The electrode arrangement includes a filamentary ...


7
Lagergren Hans: Endocardial electrode. Lagergren Hans, Waters Schwartz & Nissen, October 14, 1975: US3911928 (63 worldwide citation)

An endocardial electrode for effecting the intracardial stimulation of a heart, consisting of an elongated electrical conductor, which is provided with an electrical insulation, and an electrode head located at the end of the conductor proximate the heart for the transmission of stimulative impulses ...


8
Lynn Crawford, William A McArthur: Implantable electrode having different stiffening and curvature maintaining characteristics along its length. John F Buskirk, January 15, 1985: US04493329 (63 worldwide citation)

An implantable stimulation electrode having differing stiffness characteristics along its length. An endocardial electrode (20) is disclosed which includes a spirally-wound, unifilar, continuous portion (50) extending the entire length of the electrode and a stiffening portion (52) which extends for ...


9
Stuart P Lahtinen, Russell E Anderson: Low energy pacing pulse waveform for implantable pacemaker. Medtronic, Harold R Patton, Michael B Atlass, July 21, 1998: US05782880 (58 worldwide citation)

A tissue electrical stimulator and electrical pulse waveform are described. The stimulator or pulse generator may deliver the pules preferably through an endocardial electrode to pace a heart but could be used for other tissue such as nerves or to deliver defibrillation pulses through other means. A ...


10
Bengt Akerstrom: Endocardial electrode arrangement. Siemens Aktiengesellschaft, Hill Van Santen Steadman & Simpson, October 4, 1983: US04407303 (49 worldwide citation)

In an exemplary embodiment useful for the intracardiac stimulation of the heart, an elongated electric conductor is provided with an electric insulation covering, and has an electrode head which is electrically conductively connected with the distal end of the conductor, serving the purpose of suppl ...