1
Noel A Clark, Sven T Lagerwall: Chiral smectic C or H liquid crystal electro-optical device. Cushman Darby & Cushman, January 11, 1983: US04367924 (484 worldwide citation)

An electro-optical device including a chiral smectic C or H liquid crystal disposed between flat plates treated to enforce molecular orientation parallel to the plates. The plates are spaced by a distance sufficiently small to ensure unwinding of the helix typical in a bulk of the material to form t ...


2
Gregg M Duthaler, Peter T Kazlas, Paul S Drzaic: Assembly of microencapsulated electronic displays. E Ink Corporation, Testa Hurwitz & Thibeault, November 6, 2001: US06312304 (361 worldwide citation)

An electro-optical device is manufactured by separately manufacturing an electronic component and an optical component and subsequently integrating the electronic and the optical components. Separate fabrication of the two components allows each component to be manufactured using processes which opt ...


3
Shunpei Yamazaki: Electro-optical device constructed with thin film transistors. Semiconductor Energy Laboratory, Gerald J Ferguson Jr, Evan R Smith, Sixbey Friedman Leedom & Ferguson, September 26, 1995: US05453858 (279 worldwide citation)

An electro-optical device and a method for manufacturing the same are disclosed. The device comprises a pair of substrates and an electro-optical modulating layer (e.g. a liquid crystal layer having sandwiched therebetween, said pair of substrates consisting of a first substrate having provided ther ...


4
Shunpei Yamazaki, Yasuhiko Takemura: Electro-optical device having silicon nitride interlayer insulating film. Semiconductor Energy Laboratory Company, Jeffrey L Costellia, Nixon Peabody, March 6, 2001: US06198133 (266 worldwide citation)

Using thin film transistors (TFTs), an active matrix circuit, a driver circuit for driving the active matrix circuit or the like are formed on one substrate. Circuits such as a central processing unit (CPU) and a memory, necessary to drive an electric device, are formed using single crystalline semi ...


5
Setsuo Nakajima: Semiconductor electro-optical device. Semiconductor Energy Laboratory Co, Fish & Richardson P C, December 8, 1998: US05847410 (266 worldwide citation)

A display device comprising a pixel portion having a thin film transistor using silicon as a semiconductor layer and a pixel electrode connected to the thin film transistor, wherein: said pixel electrode having a first transparent electrically conductive film electrically connected to said semicondu ...


6
Castellion George Augustus: (ec) Mirror which rapidly changes reflectivity. American Cyanamid Company, Fickey Charles J, April 30, 1974: US3807832 (243 worldwide citation)

Electro-optical device useful in modulation of reflected light, and the like, typically comprising an electrochromic device containing a reflecting mirror surface, said electrochromic device being a sandwich arrangement of a transparent electrode, an electrochromic layer, a reflecting and support la ...


7
Shunpei Yamazaki, Yasuhiko Takemura: Electro-optical device and process for fabricating the same and method of driving the same. Semiconductor Energy Laboratory, Sixbey Friedman Leedom & Ferguson, September 20, 1994: US05349366 (234 worldwide citation)

An electro-optical display device operating in an active matrix mode, comprising pixels each provided with a first element for selecting the pixel, a second element for supplying electric current to the pixel in accordance with the information transferred from the first element, and a memory element ...


8
Shunpei Yamazaki: Electro-optical device and method for manufacturing the same. Semiconductor Energy Laboratory, Gerald J Ferguson Jr, Eric J Robinson, Sixbey Friedman Leedom & Ferguson P C, December 15, 1998: US05849601 (226 worldwide citation)

An electro-optical device and a method for manufacturing the same are disclosed. The device comprises a pair of substrates and an electro-optical modulating layer (e.g. a liquid crystal layer having sandwiched therebetween, said pair of substrates consisting of a first substrate having provided ther ...


9
Norman Apsley: Electro-optical device. The Secretary of State for Defence in Her Brittanic Majesty s Government of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, Nixon & Vanderhye, December 13, 1988: US04790635 (226 worldwide citation)

An electro-optical device is arranged as a Fabry Perot etalon comprising two mirrors and a central region. The mirrors are multilayer heterostructures of Al.sub.x Ga.sub.1-x As semiconductor materials where x alternates between 1.0 and 0.3. The central region may be a multiple quantum well structure ...


10
Shunpei Yamazaki: LCD having a peripheral circuit with TFTs having the same structure as TFTs in the display region. Semiconductor Energy Laboratory, Gerald J Ferguson Jr, Eric J Robinson, Sixbey Friedman Leedom & Ferguson P C, December 23, 1997: US05701167 (220 worldwide citation)

An electro-optical device and a method for manufacturing the same are disclosed. The device comprises a pair of substrates and an electro-optical modulating layer (e.g. a liquid crystal layer having sandwiched therebetween, said pair of substrates consisting of a first substrate having provided ther ...