1
Williams Frank Archer: Improvements in or relating to the underground gasification of coal. Nat Res Dev, June 18, 1952: GB674082-A (258 worldwide citation)

674,082. Destructive distillation in situ. NATIONAL RESEARCH DEVELOPMENT CORPORATION. July 31, 1950 [June 15, 1949], No. 15989/49. Drawings to Specification. Class 55 (ii). In a system for the underground gasification of coal in which a stream of gasifying medium such as air, air mixed with oxygen, ...


2
Sidney T Fisher, Charles B Fisher: Extraction from underground coal deposits. Barrigar & Oyen, August 23, 1977: US04043393 (255 worldwide citation)

A method of extracting hydrocarbons, energy and other products in situ from an underground coal deposit. A selected part of the coal deposit is heated by electrical induction to temperatures high enough to effect the destructive distillation of coal. The gases and liquids so produced are collected. ...


3
Franz Rotter: Apparatus for the pyrolysis of comminuted solid carbonizable materials. Energy Recovery Research Group, Philip D Junkins, December 29, 1981: US04308103 (52 worldwide citation)

Apparatus for effecting the pyrolytic treatment of solid carbonizable materials, such as coal, shredded scrap-tires, comminuted municipal waste, sawdust and wood shavings, and the like. The treatment takes place in a cylindrical, horizontally-disposed reactor vessel including a material conveying de ...


4
Lyle D Atkins: Process and apparatus for the destructive distillation of waste material. Wallace Atkins Oil Corporation, Bard Springs Jackson & Groves, July 26, 1977: US04038152 (45 worldwide citation)

An apparatus is provided for the destructive distillation of organic waste materials. An insulated sealed distillator compartment is provided having a plurality of conveyor stages for transporting the waste material through the sealed compartment while subjecting the material to a plurality of incre ...


5
Donald S Redker: Conversion of organic waste material. Redker Young Processes, Irvin L Groh, July 4, 1978: US04098649 (42 worldwide citation)

Apparatus and the method of converting organic material such as that separated from municipal and industrial waste into useful products by using a form of an extruder in a continuous destructive distillation process and in which the material being processes is compressed in the extruder in the absen ...


6
Floyd D Wallace: Process and apparatus for the destructive distillation of high molecular weight organic materials. Wallace Energy Conversion, Ian C McLeod, October 3, 1978: US04118282 (36 worldwide citation)

A process and apparatus for the destructive distillation of high molecular weight organic materials such as organic wastes, particularly those containing hydrocarbon groups, using ultrasonic and microwave generators together to irradiate, and molecularly disperse the organic molecules in the organic ...


7
Process of removing gas from coal and other carbonaceous materials in situ. Leo Ranney, March 17, 1936: GB444484-A (34 worldwide citation)

444,484. Recovering natural gas. RANNEY, L., Petrolia, Ontario, Canada. Sept. 17, 1934, No. 26685. [Class 55 (ii)] Natural gas is recovered from coal and other carbonaceous deposits in situ by gaining access to such deposit and subjecting it to a heat treatmeni appreciably below the temperature at w ...


8
Barry Freel, Robert G Graham, RĂ©gi Giroux: Natural resin formulations. Ensyn Renewables, Brinks Hofer Gilson & Lione, January 18, 2005: US06844420 (28 worldwide citation)

This invention is directed to a method of preparing a natural resin by liquefying wood, bark, forest residues, wood industry residues, or other biomass using rapid destructive distillation (fast pyrolysis). Fast pyrolysis produces both vapors and char from biomass, and following removal of the char ...


9
Craig T Gaudio: Integrated control and destructive distillation of carbonaceous waste. Environmental Solutions & Technology, Malin Haley & DiMaagio P A, February 6, 2001: US06182584 (27 worldwide citation)

A system and process to provide integrated control for the pyrolytic composition of organic (biomass) waste products especially for municipal solid waste systems. The system includes integrated control that monitors biomass waste stream throughout the entire system and the products produced therefro ...


10
Robert A Caughey: Apparatus for producing combustible gases from carbonaceous materials. Robert T Gammons, June 21, 1977: US04030895 (21 worldwide citation)

A reactor for generating combustible fuel gases comprising a chamber, an inclined grate extending from adjacent the top of the chamber to near the bottom and sloping forwardly within the chamber from the top to the bottom, said grate dividing the chamber into a primary chamber at the forward side of ...



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