61
Michel S M Lefebvre: Method of performing osmetic distillation. Limitinstant, Hale and Dorr, November 1, 1988: US04781837 (36 worldwide citation)

A hydrophobic semi-permeable membrane process (e.g., using hydrophobic microporous hollow fibers) for the concentration of a dilute solution of low osmotic pressure by osmotic distillation (also known as membrane distillation or membrane evaporation), which is a separation process using as its drivi ...


62
Enis Ben M, Lieberman Paul: Thermal energy storage system using compressed air energy and/or chilled water from desalination processes. Enis Ben M, Lieberman Paul, SHIMAZAKI John J, May 2, 2008: WO/2008/051427 (36 worldwide citation)

The invention relates to a universal system for producing cost effective energy particularly for cooling purposes. In one embodiment, wind turbines are used to generate electricity and compressed air energy, wherein the compressed air energy is used to co-generate electricity and chilled air. The ch ...


63
Richard M Goodman: Process for magnesium scale control using mixtures of polycationic and polyanionic polymers. American Cyanamid Company, William J VAN Loo, August 28, 1979: US04166041 (35 worldwide citation)

Magnesium hydroxide scale formation in evaporative desalination units is inhibited by adding to the saline water being processed a mixture of certain polycationic polymers and polyanionic polymers derived from an ethylenically unsaturated dibasic acid or an ethylenically unsaturated sulfonic acid.


64
Esmond William G: Pleated membrane transfer device. Becton Dickinson and Company, October 3, 1972: US3695445 (35 worldwide citation)

This disclosure relates to an exchange device employed in desalination, ultra filtration, in the transfer of heat, the transfer of gas from the gas phase to the liquid phase, or the transfer of gases from the gas phase to another gas phase or the opposite sides of a permeable or permselective membra ...


65
Enis Ben M, Lieberman Paul: An improved method of transporting and storing wind generated energy using a pipeline. Enis Ben M, Lieberman Paul, SHIMAZAKI J John, August 9, 2007: WO/2007/089872 (35 worldwide citation)

Wind turbine based power generation and storage system network and method wherein potential energy is stored as compressed air. A high-pressure pneumatic pipeline system is employed to link remote wind farms. The pipelines are located on the desert floor and adjacent railroad beds. The compressed ai ...


66
Richard J Lipinski, Kelvin Y Chang: Process for dissolving and removing scale from aqueous systems. The Mogul Corporation, Pearne Gordon McCoy & Granger, April 3, 1990: US04913823 (34 worldwide citation)

This invention relates to a process of dissolving and removing silicate scale and particularly magnesium silicate scale and sludge from various aqueous systems, particularly boiler water and desalination systems by adding to the water effective amounts of at least one water-soluble phosphinocarboxyl ...


67
Gerard F Tempest Jr: Water purification system having plural pairs of filters and an ozone contact chamber. Tempest Environmental Systems, Olive & Olive P A, April 21, 1998: US05741416 (34 worldwide citation)

The present invention provides a self-contained, self-monitoring water purification system able to be transported to and used in remote areas. The system processes contaminated water through a preliminary filter, an oxidation contact chamber, a secondary filter and a chemical biocidal agent to obtai ...


68
Bray Donald T: Reverse osmosis system with automatic valve for module operation control. Desalination Systems, Allen Clement H, June 3, 1975: US3887463 (34 worldwide citation)

A reverse osmosis system includes a pressurized purified water storage container and an automatic valve. The valve has a sealing member spanning a first internal cavity and movable responsive to the pressure of purified water in the storage container. A central internal cavity is of effective cross ...


69
Gerhard Kunz: Process and device for adding ions to liquids, particularly aqueous solutions. Fleit Jacobson Cohn & Price, October 27, 1987: US04702810 (33 worldwide citation)

Process and apparatus adds counterions into the aqueous solution of an electrode chamber of an electrolytic desalination or demineralization unit. In the demineralization unit, oppositely charged ions are electrolytically generated within electrode chambers and defused into the stream of aqueous sol ...


70
Gerald F Humiston: Desalination apparatus with power generation. Stein & Frijouf, November 24, 1981: US04302297 (33 worldwide citation)

An apparatus for desalinating ocean waters by distillation and furnishing electrical power, utilizes an evaporator, barometric leg conduits, a closed condenser, ocean water circulating circuits for circulating warm surface water to the evaporator and cool ocean water to the condenser and using the m ...