51
Wilmot H McCutchen: Rotary vacuum distillation and desalination apparatus. July 9, 1996: US05534118 (37 worldwide citation)

A controlled bubble of cavitation is formed within the distilland by opposed centrifugal and centripetal forces in the plane of an afferent mesial passage. Thus a distilland surface forms around the axis of rotation, and saturated vapor is continuously stripped from this distilland surface by the wo ...


52
James F Klausner, Renwei Mei: Diffusion driven desalination apparatus and process. University of Florida, Akerman Senterfitt, July 19, 2005: US06919000 (37 worldwide citation)

A diffusion driven desalination apparatus and related method includes structure for receiving a heated water stream and creating at least one region having a thin film of water and structure for forcing a low humidity air stream over the thin film of water, wherein water from the thin film of water ...


53
Enis Ben M, Lieberman Paul: Thermal energy storage system using compressed air energy and/or chilled water from desalination processes. Enis Ben M, Lieberman Paul, SHIMAZAKI John J, May 2, 2008: WO/2008/051427 (36 worldwide citation)

The invention relates to a universal system for producing cost effective energy particularly for cooling purposes. In one embodiment, wind turbines are used to generate electricity and compressed air energy, wherein the compressed air energy is used to co-generate electricity and chilled air. The ch ...


54
Richard M Goodman: Process for magnesium scale control using mixtures of polycationic and polyanionic polymers. American Cyanamid Company, William J VAN Loo, August 28, 1979: US04166041 (35 worldwide citation)

Magnesium hydroxide scale formation in evaporative desalination units is inhibited by adding to the saline water being processed a mixture of certain polycationic polymers and polyanionic polymers derived from an ethylenically unsaturated dibasic acid or an ethylenically unsaturated sulfonic acid.


55
Joseph Yaeli: Method and apparatus for processing liquid solutions of suspensions particularly useful in the desalination of saline water. Benjamin J Barish, March 24, 1992: US05098575 (35 worldwide citation)

A method and apparatus for reducing the concentration of a first substance in a first liquid by: (a) subjecting the first liquid to natural osmosis, via a first semipermeable body, with respect to an intermediate liquid, which intermediate liquid is a solution or suspension of a second substance in ...


56
Enis Ben M, Lieberman Paul: An improved method of transporting and storing wind generated energy using a pipeline. Enis Ben M, Lieberman Paul, SHIMAZAKI J John, August 9, 2007: WO/2007/089872 (35 worldwide citation)

Wind turbine based power generation and storage system network and method wherein potential energy is stored as compressed air. A high-pressure pneumatic pipeline system is employed to link remote wind farms. The pipelines are located on the desert floor and adjacent railroad beds. The compressed ai ...


57
Michel S M Lefebvre: Method of performing osmetic distillation. Limitinstant, Hale and Dorr, November 1, 1988: US04781837 (34 worldwide citation)

A hydrophobic semi-permeable membrane process (e.g., using hydrophobic microporous hollow fibers) for the concentration of a dilute solution of low osmotic pressure by osmotic distillation (also known as membrane distillation or membrane evaporation), which is a separation process using as its drivi ...


58
Richard J Lipinski, Kelvin Y Chang: Process for dissolving and removing scale from aqueous systems. The Mogul Corporation, Pearne Gordon McCoy & Granger, April 3, 1990: US04913823 (34 worldwide citation)

This invention relates to a process of dissolving and removing silicate scale and particularly magnesium silicate scale and sludge from various aqueous systems, particularly boiler water and desalination systems by adding to the water effective amounts of at least one water-soluble phosphinocarboxyl ...


59
Bray Donald T: Reverse osmosis system with automatic valve for module operation control. Desalination Systems, Allen Clement H, June 3, 1975: US3887463 (34 worldwide citation)

A reverse osmosis system includes a pressurized purified water storage container and an automatic valve. The valve has a sealing member spanning a first internal cavity and movable responsive to the pressure of purified water in the storage container. A central internal cavity is of effective cross ...


60
Hisao Hachisuka, Kenichi Ikeda: Composite reverse osmosis membrane having a separation layer with polyvinyl alcohol coating and method of reverse osmotic treatment of water using the same. Nitto Denko Corporation, Akin Gump Strauss Hauer & Feld L, January 23, 2001: US06177011 (33 worldwide citation)

A reverse osmosis composite membrane that has a high salt rejection, a high water permeability, and a high fouling tolerance, and permits practical desalination at a relatively low pressure is provided by coating the surface of a reverse osmosis membrane of aromatic polyamide with polyvinyl alcohol ...



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