31
Brent R Constantz, Kasra Farsad, Miguel Fernandez: Desalination methods and systems that include carbonate compound precipitation. Calera Corporation, Bozicevic Field & Francis, June 29, 2010: US07744761 (45 worldwide citation)

Desalination methods that include carbonate compound precipitation are provided. In certain embodiments, feed water is subjected to carbonate compound precipitation conditions prior to desalination. In certain embodiments, desalination waste brine is subjected to carbonate compound precipitation con ...


32
Joseph F Pizzino, David B Patchett: Apparatus and process for desalination of seawater. The United States of America represented by the Secretary of the Navy, Luther A Marsh, Howard Kaiser, John Stowe, April 7, 1992: US05102550 (45 worldwide citation)

An apparatus and process for desalination of seawater using a hydrophobic por permeable membrane. Heated seawater is passed across one surface of a membrane at rates which cause the flow to be turbid such that its turbidity is characterized by Reynolds numbers in excess of 1000. Fresh water is passe ...


33
Franklin E Conger: Desalination process system and by-product recovery. Stone & Webster Engineering Corporation, April 11, 1978: US04083781 (45 worldwide citation)

A desalination process system combining reverse osmosis, evaporation and brine concentration with by-product recovery.


34
Lloyd E Williams, Robert K Mays, Joseph E Wagner III: Production of high capacity inorganic crystalline base exchange materials. J M Huber Corporation, Robert L Price, Harold H Flanders, August 9, 1977: US04041135 (44 worldwide citation)

A method is disclosed for producing inorganic crystalline base exchange materials having high total exchange capacities and specific initial exchange rates which yield well-defined residual concentrations for the elements of Group II of the Periodic Table. The method of the invention includes the co ...


35
Theodore A Kuepper: Zero waste effluent water desalination system. Theodore A Kuepper, Marvin E Jacobs, August 15, 2000: US06103125 (44 worldwide citation)

A water desalination and softening system that can be used in a home or commercial environment which recirculates water past a membrane filter element in a manner to self clean the membrane and to prevent a buildup of salts and minerals on the membrane surface. The system conserves water so as to re ...


36
Robbins Adam: Semipermeable membrane cartridge and method of making.. Desalination Systems, March 3, 1993: EP0529921-A1 (44 worldwide citation)

Cartridges for use in ultrafiltration or reverse osmosis separation devices are formed by injection molding a generally tubular, smooth, seamless shell about a spirally-wrapped semipermeable membrane assembly. These cartridges can be used within traditional separation devices having pressure vessels ...


37
Joseph E Toomey: Electro-synthesis of alcohols and carboxylic acids from corresponding metal salts. Reilly, Woodard Emhardt Naughton Moriarty & McNett, March 1, 1994: US05290404 (43 worldwide citation)

A preferred electrochemical process for producing an alcohol or carboxylic acid from a corresponding metal salt while also recovering metal cation residues is described. The preferred process does not require a three-compartment desalination cell but rather can be performed in a standard two-compart ...


38
Donald T Bray, David H Hopkins: Spiral wound membrane. Desalination Systems, Fitch Even Tabin & Flannery, June 27, 1989: US04842736 (43 worldwide citation)

A spiral wound membrane cartridge for use in separating a first component from a feed fluid mixture of the first component and the second component. The cartridge includes a permeate collection tube and at least one permeate carrier leaf extending outwardly from the tube. The cartridge further inclu ...


39
Tadahiro Uemura, Hideo Fujimaki, Toshihiro Ikeda: Process of producing composite semipermeable membrane. Toray, Austin R Miller, September 24, 1991: US05051178 (43 worldwide citation)

Alkyldiamine, 1,3,5-trihydroxybenzene or 1,3-dihydroxybenzene is added as a copolymerization component to a polyfunctional aromatic amine component in the amount of 1-20% by weight with respect to the polyfunctional aromatic amine in producing a composite semipermeable membrane by laminating on a mi ...


40
David H Hopkins: Spiral-wound membrane cartridge. Desalination Systems, Fitch Even Tabin & Flannery, March 6, 1990: US04906372 (43 worldwide citation)

A reverse osmosis or ultrafiltration separation device for treating a liquid feed wherein a separation assembly is wound spirally about a central permeate-carrying tube. The assembly includes an elongated semipermeable membrane envelope which includes an interior permeate passageway and feed-passage ...



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