31
Franklin E Conger: Desalination process system and by-product recovery. Stone & Webster Engineering Corporation, February 27, 1979: US04141825 (51 worldwide citation)

A desalination process system combining electro-dialysis, reverse osmosis and brine concentration with by-product recovery.


32
Joseph F Pizzino, David B Patchett: Apparatus and process for desalination of seawater. The United States of America represented by the Secretary of the Navy, Luther A Marsh, Howard Kaiser, John Stowe, April 7, 1992: US05102550 (50 worldwide citation)

An apparatus and process for desalination of seawater using a hydrophobic por permeable membrane. Heated seawater is passed across one surface of a membrane at rates which cause the flow to be turbid such that its turbidity is characterized by Reynolds numbers in excess of 1000. Fresh water is passe ...


33
Michael David Max: Desalination and concomitant carbon dioxide capture yielding liquid carbon dioxide. Marine Desalination Systems, Pillsbury Winthrop, November 5, 2002: US06475460 (49 worldwide citation)

Methods and apparatus for desalination of salt water (and purification of polluted water) are disclosed. Saline (or otherwise polluted) water is pumped to a desalination installation and down to the base of a desalination fractionation column, where it is mixed with hydrate-forming gas or liquid to ...


34
Donald T Bray, David H Hopkins: Spiral wound membrane. Desalination Systems, Fitch Even Tabin & Flannery, June 27, 1989: US04842736 (49 worldwide citation)

A spiral wound membrane cartridge for use in separating a first component from a feed fluid mixture of the first component and the second component. The cartridge includes a permeate collection tube and at least one permeate carrier leaf extending outwardly from the tube. The cartridge further inclu ...


35
Joseph E Toomey: Electro-synthesis of alcohols and carboxylic acids from corresponding metal salts. Reilly, Woodard Emhardt Naughton Moriarty & McNett, March 1, 1994: US05290404 (48 worldwide citation)

A preferred electrochemical process for producing an alcohol or carboxylic acid from a corresponding metal salt while also recovering metal cation residues is described. The preferred process does not require a three-compartment desalination cell but rather can be performed in a standard two-compart ...


36
Raymond A Tondreau: Combination faucet and air gap. Desalination Systems, Clement H Allen, July 6, 1976: US03967638 (48 worldwide citation)

A combination faucet and antisyphon break or air gap for dispensing purified water produced by a membrane type purification unit, has a body having a valve-controlled passage with a spout for dispensing purified water; and a pair of additional vertical passages, one for connection to the brine outpu ...


37
Alvin Kobashikawa, Yu Si Fok: Wave energy conversion device for desalination, ETC. Leighton K Chong, April 4, 2006: US07023104 (47 worldwide citation)

An impulse-type “wave motor” employs a seabed-mounted or supported structure mounting a wave energy absorbing panel on a hinged lever arm for reciprocation motion to obtain optimal absorption of wave energy from wave motion in the sea. For deepwater wavelengths of L, the panel is optimally positione ...


38
Theodore A Kuepper: Zero waste effluent water desalination system. Theodore A Kuepper, Marvin E Jacobs, August 15, 2000: US06103125 (47 worldwide citation)

A water desalination and softening system that can be used in a home or commercial environment which recirculates water past a membrane filter element in a manner to self clean the membrane and to prevent a buildup of salts and minerals on the membrane surface. The system conserves water so as to re ...


39
Franklin E Conger: Desalination process system and by-product recovery. Stone & Webster Engineering Corporation, April 11, 1978: US04083781 (47 worldwide citation)

A desalination process system combining reverse osmosis, evaporation and brine concentration with by-product recovery.


40
Brent R Constantz, Kasra Farsad, Miguel Fernandez: Desalination methods and systems that include carbonate compound precipitation. Calera Corporation, April 26, 2011: US07931809 (46 worldwide citation)

Desalination methods that include carbonate compound precipitation are provided. In certain embodiments, feed water is subjected to carbonate compound precipitation conditions prior to desalination. In certain embodiments, desalination waste brine is subjected to carbonate compound precipitation con ...