101
Forrest L Murdock: Low gravity crude oil and water separator. Head & Johnson, March 24, 1981: US04257895 (38 worldwide citation)

An apparatus for separating oil and water from an emulsion including a horizontal vessel having an emulsion inlet at the inlet end and an upper oil outlet and a lower water at the discharge end. Baffles within the vessel cause the emulsion to flow vertically through an electric grid system, subjecti ...


102
Scott Gaisford: Hydrocarbon mass flow meter. Flehr Hohbach Test Albritton & Herbert, November 9, 1993: US05259239 (38 worldwide citation)

A measurement apparatus which utilizes the direct relationship between the density and dielectric constant of hydrocarbon mixtures to significantly improve upon the measurement capabilities of some existing devices used in the petroleum industry. Included among the applications of the apparatus are ...


103
Mahadevan Subramanian, Richard D Monday, David B Johnson, Frank J Kleinschrodt: Process for separating crude oil components. Fluor Corporation, Lyon & Lyon, June 16, 1987: US04673490 (37 worldwide citation)

A more effective and efficient method for separating the components of crude oil, particularly off-gases and LSR naphtha and heavy naphtha, is disclosed. The crude oil is heated and fed to a prefractionator that operates at relatively high pressure and uses a multiple condenser/accumulator overhead ...


104
Palone Richard D: Electric heated sucker rod. Head & Johnson, January 7, 1975: US3859503 (37 worldwide citation)

A vertical sucker rod string formed of lengths of sucker rods, each having means for attachment at each end thereof to adjacent sucker rods, is provided with electric heating means for maintaining the temperature of the crude oil being pumped to the surface above a preselected level to prevent the c ...


105
Athanasios Karydas, Juliana Rodgers: Crude oil emulsions containing a compatible fluorochemical surfactant. Ciba Geigy Corporation, Michael W Glynn, February 19, 1991: US04993448 (36 worldwide citation)

A transportable crude oil in water emulsion which is stable to both breakdown and phase inversion up to at least about 50.degree. C., containing an effective, compatible emulsion stabilizing amount of an anionic, nonionic or amphoteric fluorochemical surfactant, and optionally a hydrocarbon surfacta ...


106
Kundanbhai M Patel, Andiappan K S Murthy, Alex Y Bekker: Catalytic process for production of light hydrocarbons by treatment of heavy hydrocarbons with water. Allied Corporation, Gale F Matthews, Richard C Stewart, Gerhard H Fuchs, May 10, 1988: US04743357 (36 worldwide citation)

A process for converting heavy hydrocarbons into light hydrocarbons which comprises contacting, in a reaction zone, a heavy hydrocarbon having an API gravity at 25.degree. C. of less than about 20, such as Boscan heavy crude oil or tar sand bitumen, with a liquid comprising water and with an effecti ...


107
Henri Cholet: Continuous mixing device, method and use in an installation for pumping a high viscosity fluid. Institut Francais du Petrole, Antonelli Terry Stout & Kraus, June 14, 1994: US05320500 (36 worldwide citation)

The invention concerns a continuous mixing device (1) having a rotating shaft (4) fitted with blades (7, 7a). The mixture obtained at the outlet from the mixer results from admitting to the mixer a high-viscosity fluid (22) and at least one fluid of a lower viscosity. The mixing device is suitable f ...


108
Alan J Dean, Hans P Hopper: Vertical oil separator. The British Petroleum Company, Larry W Evans, David J Untener, Michael F Esposito, February 13, 1990: US04900433 (36 worldwide citation)

A vertical separator for separating crude oil into liquid and gas phases composed of an outer casing and two further sets of concentric tubing to enclose two annuli and a central passage, one annulus having an inlet to receive crude oil, the other annulus having an outlet for separated gas, each at ...


109
John S Rendall: Hot water bitumen extraction process. Solv Ex Corporation, Thomas E Schatzel, October 24, 1989: US04875998 (36 worldwide citation)

A method and apparatus for a combined solvent and hot water extraction of bitumen oils from tar-sands ore. The crushed tar-sands ore is conditioned in hot water while excluding air, after which oversized and inert rocks are removed by screening. The bitumen content of the resulting slurry is then ex ...


110
Hans J├╝rgen Weiss, Ingo Dreher, Udo Zentner: Process for the gentle flash distillation of residual oils. MG Technologies, Norris McLaughlin & Marcus PA, January 11, 2005: US06841064 (36 worldwide citation)

Residual oil from the processing of crude oil, natural bitumen or oil sand is mixed in a mixer with granular, hot coke as heat carrier (heat carrier coke) in a weight ratio of 1:3 to 1:30, where on the granules of the heat carrier coke there is first of all formed a liquid residue film which partly ...