51
James R Ferguson: Anaerobic digestion of fish wastes. Biotherm International, Lahive & Cockfield, December 4, 1990: US04975106 (14 worldwide citation)

A method and apparatus for anaerobic digestion of fish wastes and production of useful by-products including fertilizer and biogas. The method includes grinding up the fish wastes and adding liquid to create a suspension of up to 25% solids; optionally adding lipase to break down the fish oil; and a ...


52
Hoffmann Manfred Prof Dr, Zuerl Berthold, Linke Bernd Dr Sc Agr Dipl Ing, Schelle Hannelore Dipl Biochem: Method and device for the methanation of biomasses. Hoffmann Manfred Prof Dr, Inst Agrartechnik Bornim E V A, August 11, 1999: EP0934998-A2 (14 worldwide citation)

The biomass (3) in e.g. a bale, heaps, pressed sheet bale (4), silo or off-roll container is contained in an air tight envelope (5), and dosed (7, 8) once only with inoculant. Fermentation proceeds anaerobically with no further addition. An Independent claim is included for the equipment used. Prefe ...


53
Tomioka Takafumi, Abe Toshiyuki, Sakai Toru, Mano Hiroshi, Okabe Kazuhiro: Method for separating methane, methane separator and methane utilization system. Taiyo Nippon Sanso, Research Institute Of Innovative Technology For The Earth, November 15, 2007: JP2007-297605 (13 worldwide citation)

PROBLEM TO BE SOLVED: To provide a method for separating methane which can be used for highly efficiently separating and refining methane from a biogas containing high concentration carbon dioxide, a methane separator and a methane utilization system using the method.SOLUTION: This method comprises ...


54
John D Offerman, Delman R Hogen, Jeffrey W Lighthart, Hugh McTavish: Ethanol production from biological wastes. Novus Energy, Cyr & Associates P A, December 18, 2007: US07309592 (12 worldwide citation)

The invention provides methods, apparatuses, and kits for producing ethanol and other alcohols. The methods involve fermenting organic material in a fermentation mixture to a biogas comprising methane; converting at least a portion of the biogas to synthesis gas comprising CO and H2; and contacting ...


55
Ruihong Zhang: Anaerobic phased solids digester for biogas production from organic solid wastes. The Regents of the University of California, Morgan Lewis & Bockius, Jeffry S Mann, Todd W Esker, July 7, 2009: US07556737 (12 worldwide citation)

The present invention provides methods for the generation of methane by a two phase anaerobic phase system (APS) digestion of organic substrates. Also provided is a device for practicing the methods of the invention. The APS-digester system is a space-efficient, high-rate solids digestion system. Th ...


56
Sarah L Billington, Craig S Criddle, Curtis W Frank, Margaret C Morse, Sarah J Christian, Allison J Pieja: Bacterial poly(hydroxy alkanoate) polymer and natural fiber composites. The Board of Trustees of the Leland Stanford Junior University, Lumen Patent Firm, February 15, 2011: US07887893 (12 worldwide citation)

A biocomposite is produced from natural fiber fabrics embedded in a matrix of biosynthetic polyhydroxy-alkanoate (PHA) polymers. The PHA is synthesized using aerobic microbial biosynthesis using mixed bacterial cultures and a feedstock containing anaerobic degradation products such as methane and vo ...


57
Albin Czernichowski, Krystyna Wesolowska, Jan Czernichowski: Plasma-catalytic conversion of carbonaceous matters. Ceramatec, David Fonda, December 2, 2008: US07459594 (11 worldwide citation)

The process and the device of assistance by electric discharge plasma for a partial oxidization of various liquids or gas, has for object the gas rich production of CO and H2 (syngas) can contain the CH4 and C2H4 also, this without soot formation. Carbonaceous matters considered here are fossil orig ...


58
Durrant Helen Elizabeth, Pugh Shirley Yvonne Ruth: Treatment of waste material.. Anglian Water Commercial Devel, January 7, 1993: EP0521685-A2 (11 worldwide citation)

In a method and apparatus for treating waste material, in particular municipal solid waste (MSW), the MSW is fed through a pre-shredding chamber (12) and into a water jet chamber (14). The jets of water shread the MSW into a slurry which is then passed to a separation chamber (16), from which emerge ...


59
Lutz Peter: Bioreactor for methanising biomass and a biogas installation for producing thermal, electric or mechanical energy from biomass using said bioreactor, method for regulating and controlling one such biogas installation. Bekon Energy Technologies, April 16, 2003: EP1301583-A2 (11 worldwide citation)

The invention relates to a bioreactor for methanising biomass, a biogas installation comprising one such bioreactor, and a method for regulating and controlling one such biogas installation. The biogas reactor can be opened over a large surface by means of a flap, for loading and unloading, and can ...


60
Felder Mitchell S, Felder Justin, Diz Harry R: Dual hydrogen production apparatus. Nanologix, Felder Mitchell S, Felder Justin, Diz Harry R, sLERNER Eric A, December 7, 2006: WO/2006/130557 (11 worldwide citation)

The present invention provides an apparatus for the dual production of hydrogen, wherein organic feed material of a primary hydrogen production apparatus is heated with excess or diverted heat from a secondary hydrogen production apparatus, thereby substantially deactivating or killing methanogens w ...



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