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BASHEER SOBHI: A process for the enzymatic synthesis of fatty acid alkyl esters. TRANS BIO DIESEL, Reinhold Cohn And Partners, September 9, 2011: WO/2011/107977 (29 worldwide citation)

Disclosed are an enzymatic batchwise or continuous process for the production of fatty acid alkyl esters for use in the biofuels, food and detergent industries and a system therefor. The process utilizes enzymes immobilized on a hydrophobic resin mixed with a fatty acid source and an alcohol or alco ...


32
Correia Pedro: Liquid biofuels containing dihydroxyfuran, propanol and its production process from polyols originated in agriculture. Correia Pedro, May 8, 2008: WO/2008/053284 (29 worldwide citation)

Dihydroxyfuran pure or mixed with other products obtained by hydrogenation of hidroxymethylfurfural, obtained by dehydration of carbohydrates have good qualities as components of motor fuel and a competitive production cost according to the process claimed in this patent. Hydrocarbons may be sugar, ...


33
Aniket Kale: Methods of and systems for dewatering algae and recycling water therefrom. Heliae Development, Tom Gallegos Esq, Colleen Superko Esq, May 22, 2012: US08182689 (28 worldwide citation)

A method of dewatering algae and recycling water therefrom is presented. A method of dewatering a wet algal cell culture includes removing liquid from an algal cell culture to obtain a wet algal biomass having a lower liquid content than the algal cell culture. At least a portion of the liquid remov ...


34
Aniket Kale: Products from step-wise extraction of algal biomasses. Heliae Development, Tom Gallegos Esq, Justin Kniep Esq, Wilmer Cutler Pickering Hale and Dorr, August 14, 2012: US08242296 (25 worldwide citation)

A method of making biofuels and valuable food and neutraceutical products includes dewatering intact algal cells to make an algal biomass, extracting neutral lipids along with carotenoids and chlorophylls from the algal biomass, and separating the carotenoids and chlorophylls. The remaining neutral ...


35
Aniket Kale: Methods for dewatering wet algal cell cultures. Heliae Development, Tom Gallegos Esq, Colleen Superko Esq, May 29, 2012: US08187463 (25 worldwide citation)

A method of dewatering algae and recycling water therefrom is presented. A method of dewatering a wet algal cell culture includes removing liquid from an algal cell culture to obtain a wet algal biomass having a lower liquid content than the algal cell culture. At least a portion of the liquid remov ...


36
R Paul Woods, Edward Legere, Benjamin Moll, Carlos Unamunzaga, Eulalia Mantecon: Closed photobioreactor system for continued daily in situ production, separation, collection, and removal of ethanol from genetically enhanced photosynthetic organisms. Algenol Biofuels Switzerland, Lawrence B Ebert, Robert McIsaac, March 23, 2010: US07682821 (25 worldwide citation)

The invention provides a device for growing genetically enhanced aquatic photoautotrophic organisms in a stable culture, causing said organisms to produce ethanol, and then separating, collecting, and removing the ethanol in situ.


37
Larry Jack Melnichuk, Karen Venita Kelly, Robert S Davis: System and method for converting biomass to ethanol via syngas. Woodland Biofuels, Sunstein Kann Murphy & Timbers, January 3, 2012: US08088832 (24 worldwide citation)

A method and apparatus for synthesizing ethanol using synthetic routes via synthesis gas are disclosed. A method and apparatus for gasifying biomass, such as biomass, in a steam gasifier that employs a fluidized bed and heating using hot flue gases from the combustion of synthesis gas is described. ...


38
Larry Cameron Anthony, Lixuan Lisa Huang, Rick W Ye: Production of isobutanol in yeast mitochondria. Butamax Advanced Biofuels, September 9, 2014: US08828694 (24 worldwide citation)

Yeast cells with modified expression of certain enzyme activities in the mitochondria are described for isobutanol production. Modifications described provide an isobutanol biosynthesis pathway in the yeast mitochondria.


39
Larry Cameron Anthony, Lori Ann Maggio Hall: Enhanced pyruvate to acetolactate conversion in yeast. Butamax™ Advanced Biofuels, Christine M Lhulier, March 11, 2014: US08669094 (23 worldwide citation)

A high flux in conversion of pyruvate to acetolactate was achieved in yeast through expression of acetolactate synthase in the cytosol in conjunction with reduction in pyruvate decarboxylase activity. Additional manipulations to improve flux to acetolactate are reduced pyruvate dehydrogenase activit ...


40
Gail K Donaldson, Andrew C Eliot, Lori Ann Maggio Hall, Vasantha Nagarajan, Charles E Nakamura, Jean Francois Tomb: Fermentive production of four carbon alcohols. Butamax Advanced Biofuels, Andrew P Baraniak, September 9, 2014: US08828704 (23 worldwide citation)

Methods for the fermentive production of four carbon alcohols are provided. Specifically, butanol, preferably 2-butanol is produced by the fermentive growth of a recombinant bacteria expressing a 2-butanol biosynthetic pathway. The recombinant microorganisms and methods of the invention can also be ...



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