1
Ferdinand von Sturm, Gerhard Richter: Pacemaker with biofuel cell. Siemens Aktiengesellschaft, Kenyon & Kenyon Reilley Carr & Chapin, March 2, 1976: US03941135 (61 worldwide citation)

An improved heart pacemaker of the type which includes a stimulating electrode and a counter electrode, a pulse generator and which has an implantable glucose/oxygen biofuel cell as an energy supply, in which pacemaker the area of the glucose electrode of the biofuel cell is made larger than that of ...


2
Byung Hong Kim, Doo Hyun Park, Pyung Kyun Shin, In Seop Chang, Hyung Joo Kim: Mediator-less biofuel cell. Korea Institute of Science and Technology, Oblon Spivak McClelland Maier & Neustadt P C, November 2, 1999: US05976719 (32 worldwide citation)

The present invention provides a biofuel cell which can react with an electrode without mediator. The microorganism of a biofuel cell according to the present invention can directly consume the electrons generated from a fermentative metabolism of the microorganism through an electron metabolism wit ...


3
Shelley D Minteer, Robert S Martin, Christine M Moore: Microfluidic biofuel cell. St Louis University, Senniger Powers, May 4, 2010: US07709134 (13 worldwide citation)

Microfluidic biofuel cells comprising a bioanode and/or a biocathode are formed using microfluidic principles and soft lithography. The enzymes utilized in the redox reactions at the bioanode and/or the biocathode are stabilized in a micellar or inverted micellar structure. The biofuel cell is used ...


4
Yamaguchi Takeo, Tamaki Takanori: (Ja) バイオ電池, (En) Biocell. The University Of Tokyo, Yamaguchi Takeo, Tamaki Takanori, INAMI Minoru, June 1, 2006: WO/2006/057387 (9 worldwide citation)

(EN) A material participating in the donation and receiving of electrons; a biofuel cell making use of the material that exhibits an enhanced output power density; and a process for producing them. In particular, there is provided a material comprising an electron conductor of ≥ 0.5 m2/g external sp ...


5
Karamanev Dimitre: Biofuel cell. The University Of Western Ontario, Karamanev Dimitre, HILL 87 Falcon Street Toronto Ontario M4S2P4, January 6, 2005: WO/2005/001981 (8 worldwide citation)

The present invention discloses a new type of biofuel cell, based on the microbial regeneration of the oxidant, ferric ions. The bio-fuel cell is based on the cathodic reduction of ferric to ferrous ions, coupled with the microbial regeneration of ferric ions by the oxidation of ferrous ions, with f ...


6
Dimitre Karamanev: Biofuel cell. The University of Western Ontario, Lynn C Schumacher, Hill & Schumacher, August 11, 2009: US07572546 (5 worldwide citation)

The present invention discloses a new type of biofuel cell, based on the microbial regeneration of the oxidant, ferric ions. The bio-fuel cell is based on the cathodic reduction of ferric to ferrous ions, coupled with the microbial regeneration of ferric ions by the oxidation of ferrous ions, with f ...


7
Dimitre Gueorguiev Karamanev: Method for generating electricity. The University of Western Ontario, Lynn C Schumacher, Hill & Schumacher, March 30, 2010: US07687161 (4 worldwide citation)

The present invention discloses a method of generating electricity which uses a new type of biofuel cell. The method is based on the microbial regeneration of the oxidant, ferric ions. The bio-fuel cell is based on the cathodic reduction of ferric to ferrous ions, coupled with the microbial regenera ...


8
Gerritse Jan, Saakes Machiel, Stams Alfons Johannes Maria: Biofuel cell. Nederlandse Organisatie Voor Toegepast Natuurwetenschappelijk Onderzoek Tno, Gerritse Jan, Saakes Machiel, Stams Alfons Johannes Maria, PRINS A W, January 8, 2004: WO/2004/004036 (4 worldwide citation)

The invention relates to a method for processing organic waste in an environmentally friendly manner, and to a device suitable thereto. According to the invention, the waste flow is processed in a bipolar biofuel cell. To this end, the waste is introduced into a space in which a pair of electrodes i ...


9
Rozendal René Alexander, Buisman Cees Jan Nico: Bio-electrochemical process for producing hydrogen. Stichting Wetsus Centre For Sustainable Water Technology, Rozendal René Alexander, Buisman Cees Jan Nico, ARNOLD Sweelinckplein 1 NL 2517 GK The Hague, January 20, 2005: WO/2005/005981 (4 worldwide citation)

A process for producing hydrogen from bio-oxidisable material is disclosed herein. The process comprises the steps of - introducing the bio-oxidisable material into a reactor provided with an anode and a cathode optionally separated by a cation exchange membrane and containing anodophilic bacteria i ...


10
Nakagawa Takaaki, Sakai Hideki, Sugiyama Hiroki: Fuel cell and electronic equipment. Sony, March 13, 2008: JP2008-060067 (4 worldwide citation)

PROBLEM TO BE SOLVED: To provide a fuel cell capable of obtaining a sufficient buffer capacity even in high output operation, sufficiently displaying the essential ability of an enzyme, and having high performance, when the enzyme is immobilized to at least one of a positive electrode and a negative ...



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