31
Wen Teng Wu, Jech Wei Chen: Method of preparing lower alkyl fatty acids esters and in particular biodiesel. Wen Teng Wu, Bacon & Thomas PLLC, June 4, 2002: US06398707 (37 worldwide citation)

The present invention relates to a technique for enhancing the activity of an immobilized lipase, and a technique for regenerating a deactivated immobilized lipase, in which an alcohol with a carbon atom number not less than three is used to swell and/or clean said immobilized lipase. Said immobiliz ...


32
Bondioli Paolo Federico, Ravasio Maria Nicoletta, Zaccheria Federica: A method for the production of biodiesel, starting from high iodine number fatty substances. Consiglio Nazionale Delle Ricerche Istituto Di Scienze E Tecnologie Molecolari, Universita Degli Studi Di Milano, Bondioli Paolo Federico, Ravasio Maria Nicoletta, Zaccheria Federica, LONG Giorgio, October 26, 2006: WO/2006/111997 (35 worldwide citation)

In its most general aspect, the present invention relates to the use of fatty substances having a iodine number greater than 135 gI2/l00g, preferably greater than 140 gI2/l00g, more preferably greater than 150 gI2/l00g, for the production of biodiesel . In particular, the invention relates to a meth ...


33
Mark Knuth, Peter R Beetham, Keith A Walker, Gregory Francis William Gocal: Fatty acid blends and uses therefor. COH, Foley & Lardner, Stephen E Reiter, October 4, 2011: US08029579 (33 worldwide citation)

Provided herein are blends oils or fatty acids comprising more than 50% medium chain fatty acids, or the fatty acid alkyl esters thereof, and having low melting points. Such blends are useful as a fuel or as a starting material for the production of, for example, a biodiesel. Also provided genetical ...


34
Daniel M Ginosar, Robert V Fox: Process for producing biodiesel, lubricants, and fuel and lubricant additives in a critical fluid medium. Bechtel BWXT Idaho, Trask Britt PC, May 3, 2005: US06887283 (33 worldwide citation)

A process for producing alkyl esters useful in biofuels and lubricants by transesterifying glyceride- or esterifying free fatty acid-containing substances in a single critical phase medium is disclosed. The critical phase medium provides increased reaction rates, decreases the loss of catalyst or ca ...


35
Ronnie A Bush, Kevin M Hall: Process for the production of ethanol from algae. Propulsion Logic, Vance Intellectual Property PC, November 14, 2006: US07135308 (32 worldwide citation)

The present invention describes a process for the production of ethanol by harvesting starch-accumulating filament-forming or colony-forming algae to form a biomass, initiating cellular decay of the biomass in a dark and anaerobic environment, fermenting the biomass in the presence of a yeast, and t ...


36
Knuth Mark E, Beetham Peter R, Walker Keith A, Gocal Gregory Francis William: Fatty acid blends and uses therefor. Cibus, Knuth Mark E, Beetham Peter R, Walker Keith A, Gocal Gregory Francis William, WARBURG Richard J, January 3, 2008: WO/2008/002643 (31 worldwide citation)

Provided herein are blends oils or fatty acids comprising more than 50% medium chain fatty acids, or the fatty acid alkyl esters thereof, and having low melting points. Such blends are useful as a fuel or as a starting material for the production of, for example, a biodiesel. Also provided genetical ...


37
FRANKLIN Scott, SOMANCHI Aravind, WEE Janice, RUDENKO George, MOSELEY Jeffrey L, RAKITSKY Walt: Compositions alimentaires comprenant des huiles formulées sur mesure, Food compositions comprising tailored oils. Solazyme, FRANKLIN Scott, SOMANCHI Aravind, WEE Janice, RUDENKO George, MOSELEY Jeffrey L, RAKITSKY Walt, TERMES Lance A, December 1, 2011: WO/2011/150411 (31 worldwide citation)

Methods and compositions for the production of food compositions, oils, fuels, oleochemicals, and other compounds in recombinant microorganisms are provided, including oil-bearing microorganisms and methods of low cost cultivation of such microorganisms. Microalgal cells containing exogenous genes e ...


38
Jack Vincent Matson, Dheeban Chakravarthi Kannan: Green biodiesel. The Penn State Research Foundation, Barbara E Johnson Esq, July 21, 2009: US07563915 (30 worldwide citation)

Methods for improved manufacture of green biodiesel focus on the selection and use of one or more solid metallic oxide base catalyst(s) selected from the group consisting of calcium oxide (CaO), calcium aluminum oxide (CaO—Al2O3), calcium titanate (CaTiO3), barium titanate (BaTiO3), magnesium alumin ...


39
Carlos Nagib Khalil, Lúcia Cristina Ferreira Leite: Process for producing biodiesel fuel using triglyceride-rich oleagineous seed directly in a transesterification reaction in the presence of an alkaline alkoxide catalyst. Petroleo Brasileiro Petrobras, Sughrue Mion PLLC, September 26, 2006: US07112229 (30 worldwide citation)

An integrated process is described for producing biodiesel from oleaginous seeds, preferably castor bean seeds. The inventive process includes a transesterification reaction where the seeds themselves react with anhydrous ethyl alcohol in the presence of an alkaline catalyst. The resulting ethyl est ...


40
Michael F Pelly: Method and apparatus for refining biodiesel. Barry L Davison, Davis Wright Tremaine, March 24, 2009: US07507846 (30 worldwide citation)

Method and apparatus for producing biodiesel fuel, i.e., alkyl ester, from vegetable and/or animal oil. A transesterification catalyst is prepared in a base catalyst tank by spraying alkyl alcohol under pressure through jets at metal hydroxide pellets until the pellets have fully reacted with the al ...



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