11
Hossein Noureddini: System and process for producing biodiesel fuel with reduced viscosity and a cloud point below thirty-two (32) degrees fahrenheit. The Board of Regents of the University of Nebraska, James D Welch, January 16, 2001: US06174501 (88 worldwide citation)

Triglycerides are reacted in a liquid phase reaction with a homogeneous basic catalyst and alcohol, such as ethanol or methanol. The reaction yields a spatially separated two phase result with an upper located non-polar phase consisting principally of transesterified triglycerides and a lower locate ...


12
Hossein Noureddini: Process for producing biodiesel fuel with reduced viscosity and a cloud point below thirty-two (32) degrees fahrenheit. Board of Regents of the University of Nebraska, James D Welch, January 18, 2000: US06015440 (80 worldwide citation)

Triglycerides are reacted in a liquid phase reaction with methanol and a homogeneous basic catalyst. The reaction yields a spatially separated two phase result with an upper located non-polar phase consisting principally of non-polar methyl esters and a lower located phase consisting principally of ...


13
Trimbur Donald E, Im Chung Soon, Dillon Harrison F, Day Anthony G, Franklin Scott, Coragliotti Anna: Production of oil in microorganisms. Solazyme, Trimbur Donald E, Im Chung Soon, Dillon Harrison F, Day Anthony G, Franklin Scott, Coragliotti Anna, TERMES Lance A, December 11, 2008: WO/2008/151149 (76 worldwide citation)

The invention provides methods and compositions useful for the production of oil, fuels, oleochemicals, and other compounds in microorgansims. In particular, the invention provides oil-bearing microorganisms and methods of low cost cultivation of such microorganisms. The invention also provides micr ...


14
Thomas A Foglia, Lloyd A Nelson, William N Marmer: Production of biodiesel, lubricants and fuel and lubricant additives. The United States of America represented by the Secretary of Agriculture, M Howard Silverstein, John Fado, Janelle S Graeter, February 3, 1998: US05713965 (73 worldwide citation)

A method is described which utilizes lipases to transesterify triglyceride-containing substances and to esterify free fatty acids to alkyl esters using short chain alcohols. The alkyl esters are useful as alternatives or additives to automotive fuels and lubricants. The method is particularly advant ...


15
DILLON HARRISON F: Fractionation of oil-bearing microbial biomass. SOLAZYME, December 2, 2010: WO/2010/138620 (58 worldwide citation)

The invention generally relates to the production of hydrocarbon compositions, such as a lipid, in microorganisms. In particular, the invention provides methods for extracting, recovering, isolating and obtaining a lipid from a microorganism and compositions comprising the lipid. The invention also ...


16
Earl G Hammond, Tong Wang: Method of converting free fatty acids to fatty acid methyl esters with small excess of methanol. Iowa State University Research Foundation, Quarles & Brady, November 15, 2005: US06965044 (54 worldwide citation)

A method for converting free fatty acids in acid oil or acid fat into fatty acid methyl esters is disclosed. The method involves adding a small amount of methanol and an acid catalyst to the acid oil or acid fat and subjecting the mixture to conditions that allow the fatty acid methyl esters to form ...


17
Bradin David: Improved biodiesel fuel, additives, and lubbricants. Cps Biofuels, Bradin David, GRUNE Guerry, March 8, 2007: WO/2007/027669 (51 worldwide citation)

Compositions and methods for forming hydrocarbon products from triglycerides are disclosed. In one aspect, the methods involve the Fischer-Tropsch synthesis of syngas derived in whole or in part from glycerol. In another aspect, the methods involve the Kolbe electrolysis of fatty acids derived from ...


18
FRANKLIN SCOTT: Production of tailored oils in heterotrophic microorganisms. SOLAZYME, Termes Lance A, June 3, 2010: WO/2010/063032 (50 worldwide citation)

Methods and compositions for the production of oil, fuels, oleochemicals, and other compounds in Prototheca are provided, including oil-bearing microorganisms and methods of low cost cultivation of such microorganisms. Prototheca cells containing exogenous genes encoding, for example, a lipase, a su ...


19
Franz J Luxem, Jenifer Heydinger Galante, William M Troy, Randall R Bernhardt: Method of making alkyl esters using glycerin. Stepan Company, McAndrews Held & Malloy, November 23, 2004: US06822105 (47 worldwide citation)

A method for making alkylesters, or methylester specifically, such as biodiesel, from an oil source is described. The method involves converting the free fatty acids of the oil source into a mixture of mono-, di-, and tri-glycerides and subsequently transesterifying the newly formed glycerides as we ...


20
John E Aiken: Purification of glycerin. Sunoco, Robert A Koons Jr, Matthew P McWilliams, Drinker Biddle & Reath, October 24, 2006: US07126032 (46 worldwide citation)

A process for purifying glycerin recovered as a byproduct of biodiesel production comprises heating a glycerin effluent stream containing a low molecular weight alcohol, water and fatty acid esters of the low molecular weight alcohol to cause transesterification of the fatty acid esters to glyceride ...



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