1
Arun A Patil: Artificial intervertebral disc. Zarley McKee Thomte Voorhees & Sease, January 12, 1982: US04309777 (720 worldwide citation)

An artificial intervertebral disc for implantation in the disc space after the removal of a diseased or damaged cervical intervertebral is described and comprises upper and lower disc portions having a plurality of springs positioned therebetween to yieldably urge the disc portions away from each ot ...


2
Bret Ferree: Artificial intervertebral disc replacement methods and apparatus. Gifford Krass Groh Sprinkle Anderson & Citkowski PC, July 16, 2002: US06419704 (579 worldwide citation)

Artificial disc replacements for natural intervertebral discs make use of a shaped body having a final volume sized to consume at least a portion of an intervertebral disc space, and a filling within the shaped body enabling the body to cyclically compress and expand in a manner similar to the disc ...


3
Masanori Oka, Shokyu Gen, Yoshito Ikada, Hideaki Okimatsu: Artificial intervertebral disc. Kyocera Corporation, Kabushiki Kaisha Biomaterial Universe Corporation of Japan, Spensley Horn Jubas & Lubitz, October 17, 1995: US05458643 (467 worldwide citation)

A prosthesis used for a damaged bone, an artificial articular cartilage or an artificial intervertebral disc being characterized in that the prosthesis is a composite body comprising polyvinyl alcohol hydrogel and ceramic or metallic porous body. With this prosthesis, PVA hydrogel enhances lubricati ...


4
Yasuhiko Hirayama, Haruko Ikata, Satoshi Ojima, Hiromi Matsuzaki: Artificial intervertebral disc. Asahi Kogaku Kogyo Kabushiki Kaisha, Sandler Greenblum & Bernstein, August 7, 1990: US04946378 (423 worldwide citation)

An artificial intervertebral disc comprises a pair of end bodies which are provided, on their outer surfaces, with apatite layers. The disc includes a medical synthetic polymeric intermediate which is held between the end bodies through connecting members.


5
Lance M Middleton: Artificial intervertebral disc. Surgical Dynamics, October 24, 2000: US06136031 (328 worldwide citation)

An intervertebral prosthesis dimensioned for insertion within an intervertebral space between adjacent vertebrae to replace at least a portion of an intervertebral disc removed therefrom, includes a disc member having sufficient rigidity to support the adjacent vertebrae in spaced relation. The disc ...


6
Masanori Oka, Shokyu Gen, Yoshito Ikada, Hideaki Okimatsu: Artificial bone connection prosthesis. Kyocera Corporation, Kabushiki Kaisha Biomaterial Universe, Spensley Horn Jubas & Lubitz, May 24, 1994: US05314478 (290 worldwide citation)

A prosthesis used for a damaged bone, an artificial articular cartilage or an artificial intervertebral disc being characterized in that the prosthesis is a composite body comprising polyvinyl alcohol hydrogel and ceramic or metallic porous body. With this prosthesis, PVA hydrogel enhances lubricati ...


7
Lance M Middleton: Artificial intervertebral disc. Surgical Dynamics, October 2, 2001: US06296664 (247 worldwide citation)

An intervertebral prosthesis includes a disc member dimensioned for insertion within an intervertebral space between adjacent vertebrae to replace at least a portion of an intervertebral disc removed therefrom. The disc member has sufficient rigidity to support the adjacent vertebrae in spaced relat ...


8
Lance M Middleton: Artificial intervertebral disc. Surgical Dynamics, November 13, 2001: US06315797 (243 worldwide citation)

An intervertebral prosthesis dimensioned for insertion within an intervertebral space between adjacent vertebrae to replace at least a portion of an intervertebral disc removed therefrom, includes a disc member having sufficient rigidity to support the adjacent vertebrae in spaced relation. The disc ...


9
Simon Casutt: Artificial intervertebral disc. Sulzer Orthopedics, Christie Parke & Hale, November 11, 2003: US06645248 (236 worldwide citation)

The invention relates to an artificial intervertebral disc for implanting between two vertebral bodies (W) comprising two end plates (


10
Oka Masanori, Gen Shokyu, Ikada Yoshito, Okimatsu Hideaki: A prosthesis.. Kyocera, Biomaterial Universe, September 30, 1992: EP0505634-A1 (154 worldwide citation)

A prosthesis used for a damaged bone, an artificial articular cartilage or an artificial intervertebral disc being characterized in that the prosthesis is a composite body comprising polyvinyl alcohol hydrogel and ceramic or metallic porous body. With this prosthesis, PVA hydrogel enhances lubricati ...