1
Nancy W Y Ho, George T Tsao: Recombinant yeasts for effective fermentation of glucose and xylose. Purdue Research Foundation, Woodard Emhardt Naughton Moriarty & McNett, August 4, 1998: US05789210 (44 worldwide citation)

Described are recombinant yeasts containing genes encoding xylose reductase, xylitol dehydrogenase and xylulokinase, and DNA molecules, vectors and methods useful for producing such yeasts. The recombinant yeasts effectively ferment xylose to ethanol, and preferred yeasts are capable of simultaneous ...


2
Franco Berruti, Cedric Briens, Ronald Golden: Apparatus and process for the pyrolysis of agricultural biomass. Agri Therm, Katten Muchin Rosenman, May 17, 2011: US07943014 (27 worldwide citation)

An integrated combustion chamber and fluidized bed pyrolysis reactor. In one embodiment, the combustion chamber is cylindrical and the pyrolysis reactor is provided annularly about the combustion chamber with an annular wall that provides a common surface for heat transfer. A lift tube in fluid comm ...


3
David P Chynoweth, Paul B Tarman: Hybrid bio-thermal liquefaction. Institute of Gas Technology, Thomas W Speckman, June 8, 1982: US04334026 (13 worldwide citation)

A hybrid bio-thermal liquefaction process for improved carbonaceous liquefaction to produce alcohol containing fuels wherein an organic carbonaceous feed is subjected to active fermentation producing alcohol containing liquid fuel product and fermentation residue, the fermentation residue being intr ...


4
Jerry R Uhland, David C Smith, William A Farone: Production of particle board from agricultural waste. California AgriBoard, Cynthia H O&apos Donohue, July 22, 2003: US06596209 (9 worldwide citation)

The present invention describes a process of using agricultural biomass to make particle or fiberboards. The preferred biomass is selected with high cellulose and hemicellulose concentration and low silica content. The process utilizes short refining time and low steam pressure.


5
Nancy N Nichols, Maria J Lopez, Bruce S Dien, Rodney J Bothast: fungus, Culture containing biomass acid hydrolysate and. The United States of America represented by the Secretary of Agriculture, John D Fado, Curtis P Ribando, Lesley Shaw, June 27, 2006: US07067303 (7 worldwide citation)

Agricultural biomass hydrolysate is detoxified by culturing in the presence of the fungus Coniochaeta ligniaria (teleomorph) or its Lecythophora (anamorph) state. This organism is capable of significantly depleting the toxicant levels of furans, particularly furfural and 5-hydroxymethylfurfural. A n ...


6
James S Rhodes III: Whole crop biofuel production (WCBP). Proskauer Rose, October 9, 2012: US08285635 (5 worldwide citation)

A computerized method of using a data processor having a memory to account for carbon flows and determine a regulatory value for a biofuel can include (i) storing, in memory, a first set of one or more carbon flow values characterizing the production and use of a biofuel derived from a first fractio ...


7
Reynolds Luke, Mcgowen Scott, Sheffer Robert, Veal Joshua S, Brion Todd G, Zullo Luca C, Cook David A: Fuel pellet comprising an agricultural biomass. Cargill Incorporated, Can Technologies, Reynolds Luke, Mcgowen Scott, Sheffer Robert, Veal Joshua S, Brion Todd G, Zullo Luca C, Cook David A, PIERING Scott T, March 27, 2008: WO/2008/036605 (3 worldwide citation)

Fuel pellets which include substantial amounts of agricultural biomass having a relatively low lignin content are provided. The fuel pellets have a low ash content, good pellet durability (e.g., as determined by their pellet durability index) and heating values comparable to conventional hardwood fu ...


8
Ho Nancy W Y, Tsao George T: Levures de recombinaison utilisees pour faire fermenter efficacement du glucose et du xylose, Recombinant yeasts for effective fermentation of glucose and xylose. Purdue Research Foundation, Purdue Research Foundation, SMART & BIGGAR, May 18, 1995: CA2176038 (1 worldwide citation)

Described are recombinant yeasts containing genes encoding xylose reductase, xyl itol dehydrogenase and xylulokinase, and DNA molecules, vectors and methods useful for producing such yeasts. The recombinant yeasts effectively ferment xylose to ethanol, and preferred yeasts are capable of simultaneou ...


9
ANDERSON CHARLES W: Biosolid storage and dispersal. THE ANDERSONS, Goldstein Avery N, September 15, 2011: WO/2011/113039 (1 worldwide citation)

A particle is provided that includes 5 wt % to 90 wt % of agricultural biomass, combustion residues, biosolids, or a combination thereof. A binder intermixed with the agricultural biomass, combustion residues, biosolids, or a combination thereof retains the mixture in the form of a particle. The res ...


10
Shishir Chundawat, Leonardo Da Costa Sousa, Albert M Cheh, Venkatesh Balan, Bruce Dale: Methods for producing extracted and digested products from pretreated lignocellulosic biomass. BOARD OF TRUSTEES OF MICHIGAN STATE UNIVERSITY, Clark IP Law, May 16, 2017: US09650657

Methods for producing extracted and digested products from pretreated lignocellulosic biomass are provided. The methods include converting native cellulose Iβ to cellulose IIII by pretreating the lignocellulosic biomass with liquid ammonia under certain conditions, and performing extracting or diges ...



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