61
Gustaf Arthur Nyman, Gote Savo: Method for continuous hydrolysis of pentose containing material and apparatus for implementing the method. Anstalt Gemass, Allison C Collard, May 24, 1977: US04025356 (20 worldwide citation)

Method and apparatus for the continuous acid hydrolysis of pentosan-containing material at a temperature between 80.degree. and 120.degree. C and at a pH lower than 5. At least two portions of hydrolysate are re-cycled back into the hydrolysis vessel. One recycle portion having a lower acid concentr ...


62
Geier Douglas F, Hilaly Ahmad K, Soper John G: Method of preparing fatty acid alkyl esters from waste or recycled fatty acid stock. Archer Daniels Midland Company, Geier Douglas F, Hilaly Ahmad K, Soper John G, LUDWIG Steven R, October 27, 2005: WO/2005/100519 (20 worldwide citation)

The present invention is directed to a method or preparing fatty acid alkyl esters from fatty acids contained in co-product streams, or waste or recycled fatty acid stock. The present method utilizes an acidic resin to convert the fatty acid stock into esters. The present method encompasses the use ...


63
A process for the production of polyhydric alcohol mixtures by degradative hydrogenation of sugars. Udic, June 22, 1960: GB838766-A (20 worldwide citation)

A crude solution of sugars obtained from the mineral acid hydrolysis of cellulose and/or hemicellulose present in cellulosic material is catalytically hydrogenated at a temperature of 100-160 DEG C. while the solution is maintained at a pH of at least 8 to give polyhydric alcohols having less carbon ...


64
Douglas F Geier, Ahmad K Hilaly, John G Soper: Method of preparing fatty acid alkyl esters from waste or recycled fatty acid stock. Archer Daniels Midland Company, Sterne Kessler Goldstein & Fox P L L C, April 27, 2010: US07705170 (19 worldwide citation)

The present invention is directed to a method or preparing fatty acid alkyl esters from fatty acids contained in co-product streams, or waste or recycled fatty acid stock. The present method utilizes an acidic resin to convert the fatty acid stock into esters. The present method encompasses the use ...


65
Roger D Hester, George E Farina: Concentrated sulfuric acid hydrolysis of lignocellulosics. Tennessee Valley Authority, Peter D Olexy, October 26, 1999: US05972118 (19 worldwide citation)

A process, system, and apparatus for effectively and economically producing fermentable sugars from cellulosic feedstocks is described. The economic viability of using wood and/or agricultural waste, containing large fractions of cellulose and hemicellulose is highly dependent on the method used for ...


66
Hughes Trevor Lloyd, Jones Timothy Gareth John, Tustin Gary John: Viscoelastic surfactant based gelling composition for wellbore service fluids. Sofitech, June 16, 1999: GB2332223-A (19 worldwide citation)

A wellbore service fluid comprising a viscoelastic surfactant in combination with means for controlling the concentration of at least partially charged sites within the fluid so as to delay the onset of gelation of said fluid. The means for controlling the concentration of partially charged sites ca ...


67
Lawrence J Russo Jr: Method for the separation of acid from sugars. Controlled Enviromental Systems Corporation, Sterne Kessler Goldstein & Fox P L L C, October 19, 1999: US05968362 (18 worldwide citation)

A method for separating acid and sugars obtained from liquids resulting from the acid hydrolysis of a material containing at least one of cellulose and hemicellulose is disclosed, comprising adding the liquids to a separation unit comprising a bed of anionic exchange or exclusion chromatographic mat ...


68
Richard H Baltz, Gene M Wild, Eugene T Seno: Demycinosyltylosin and process for its production. Eli Lilly and Company, Nancy J Harrison, Arthur R Whale, March 23, 1982: US04321361 (18 worldwide citation)

23-Demycinosyltylosin (DMT) which has the formula: ##STR1## 20-dihydro-DMT, specified acyl ester derivatives, and their acid addition salts are useful antibacterial agents. Improved methods of making 5-O-mycaminosyltylonolide (OMT) and 20-dihydro-OMT by mild acid hydrolysis of DMT and 20-dihydro-DMT ...


69
Werner C Muller, Franklyn D Miller: Fermentable sugar from the hydrolysis of carbohydrate polymer. National Distillers and Chemical Corporation, Kenneth D Tremain, December 20, 1983: US04421856 (18 worldwide citation)

The yield of fermentable sugar, largely glucose (dextrose), resulting from the acid catalyzed hydrolysis of a carbohydrate polymer such as starch or cellulose can be significantly increased by the addition to the hydrolysate under acid hydrolysis conditions of water soluble non-fermentable carbohydr ...


70
Gregory S Buliga, Mark S Miller, William F Powell, Daniel G Lis, R G Krishnamurthy, Vernon C Witte, Sharon Tomski: Fat-free tablespread and method of making. Kraft Foods, Fitch Even Tabin & Flannery, March 26, 1996: US05501869 (17 worldwide citation)

A non-fat edible plastic dispersion which has rheological properties similar to solid margarine or squeezable margarine. The plastic dispersion includes a fat mimetic selected from the group consisting of gelling type maltodextrins, starch modified by acid hydrolysis to remove amorphous regions ther ...