51
Lawrence J Russo Jr: Method for the separation of acid from sugars. Controlled Environmental Systems Corporation, Sterne Kessler Goldstein & Fox P L L C, July 16, 2002: US06419828 (23 worldwide citation)

A method for separating acid and sugars obtained from liquids resulting from the acid hydrolysis of a material containing at least one of cellulose and hemicellulose is disclosed, comprising adding the liquids to a separation unit comprising a bed of anionic exchange or exclusion chromatographic mat ...


52
Rene Heymes, Andre Lutz: Alkyloximes of 7-amino-thiazolyl-acetamido-cephalosporanic acids. Roussel Uclaf, Hammond & Littell Weissenberger and Muserlian, May 13, 1980: US04202893 (21 worldwide citation)

Novel alkyloximes of 7-amino-thiazolyl-acetamidocephalosporanic acids of the formula ##STR1## wherein R is selected from the group consisting of alkyl of 1 to 5 carbon atoms, cycloalkyl of 3 to 5 carbon atoms and --CH.sub.2 --SR', R' is selected from the group consisting of acyl of an alkanoic acid ...


53
Stoy Vladimir, Stoy Artur, Urbanova Renata, Prokop Jaroslav, Kucera Josef: Method for the acid hydrolysis of acrylonitrile containing polymers, hydrogels and fibers of products prepared by said method. Ceskoslovenska akademie ved No 3 Narodni, Schaffer Murray, July 29, 1975: US3897382 (21 worldwide citation)

There is disclosed a method for the acid hydrolysis of acrylonitrile-containing polymers comprising hydrolyzing said polymers in the presence of about 40 to about 80% concentrated nitric acid at a temperature of about 25 to about 60.degree.C, cooling said acid reaction mixture to about -20.degree. t ...


54
Kazuhiro Ito, Etsuzo Entani, Yoshiya Kawamura: Methods for protecting vegetables, turfgrass, rice and fruit trees from fungi and bacteria. Nakano Vinegar, Frishauf Holtz Goodman & Woodward, December 20, 1994: US05374627 (21 worldwide citation)

A variety of plant diseases and damage by certain pests in agricultural and horticultural plants can be efficiently controlled without substantial chemical injuries by applying a plant-protecting composition which comprises (a) 1 part by weight of a chitosan hydrolyzate having an average molecular w ...


55
Lawrence J Russo Jr: Method for the separation of acid from sugars. Controlled Environmental Systems Corporation, Sterne Kessler Goldstein & Fox P L L C, May 21, 2002: US06391204 (21 worldwide citation)

A method for separating acid and sugars obtained from liquids resulting from the acid hydrolysis of a material containing at least one of cellulose and hemicellulose is disclosed, comprising adding the liquids to a separation unit comprising a bed of anionic exchange or exclusion chromatographic mat ...


56
Process for preparing hydroxymethyl furfural. Atlas Powder Co, September 6, 1961: GB876463-A (21 worldwide citation)

Hydroxymethyl furfural is made by dehydrating a hexose, or a hexose polymer which yields simple hexoses on acid hydrolysis, at an elevated temperature in the presence of an acid catalyst and in a reaction medium comprising a mixture which contains from 5% to 70% by weight of water and correspondingl ...


57
Anatole A Klyosov, George P Philippidis, Alan M James, Yiannis A Monovoukas: Method of producing glucose from papermaking sludge using concentrated or dilute acid hydrolysis. Thermo Fibergen, Cesari and McKenna, March 2, 1999: US05876505 (20 worldwide citation)

Glucose is obtained from papermaking sludge by first removing calcium carbonate from the sludge to produce a mixture substantially depleted of calcium and containing cellulose; and then hydrolyzing the calcium-depleted mixture using either a dilute or a strong acid. The glucose, as well as calcium s ...


58
Gustaf Arthur Nyman, Gote Savo: Method for continuous hydrolysis of pentose containing material and apparatus for implementing the method. Anstalt Gemass, Allison C Collard, May 24, 1977: US04025356 (20 worldwide citation)

Method and apparatus for the continuous acid hydrolysis of pentosan-containing material at a temperature between 80.degree. and 120.degree. C and at a pH lower than 5. At least two portions of hydrolysate are re-cycled back into the hydrolysis vessel. One recycle portion having a lower acid concentr ...


59
Geier Douglas F, Hilaly Ahmad K, Soper John G: Method of preparing fatty acid alkyl esters from waste or recycled fatty acid stock. Archer Daniels Midland Company, Geier Douglas F, Hilaly Ahmad K, Soper John G, LUDWIG Steven R, October 27, 2005: WO/2005/100519 (20 worldwide citation)

The present invention is directed to a method or preparing fatty acid alkyl esters from fatty acids contained in co-product streams, or waste or recycled fatty acid stock. The present method utilizes an acidic resin to convert the fatty acid stock into esters. The present method encompasses the use ...


60
A process for the production of polyhydric alcohol mixtures by degradative hydrogenation of sugars. Udic, June 22, 1960: GB838766-A (20 worldwide citation)

A crude solution of sugars obtained from the mineral acid hydrolysis of cellulose and/or hemicellulose present in cellulosic material is catalytically hydrogenated at a temperature of 100-160 DEG C. while the solution is maintained at a pH of at least 8 to give polyhydric alcohols having less carbon ...



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