51
Saka Shiro, Nakamori Kenichi: Method for treating biomass through combination of dissolution by cellulose solvent and hydrolysis. Hitachi Zosen, Saka Shiro, August 31, 2006: JP2006-223152 (22 worldwide citation)

PROBLEM TO BE SOLVED: To provide a method for treating biomass to efficiently and easily produce monosaccharides or oligosaccharides, optionally polysaccharides.SOLUTION: The method comprises a combination of the step of dissolving polysaccharide-based biomass in cellulose solvent(s) and the step of ...


52
Rene Heymes, Andre Lutz: Alkyloximes of 7-amino-thiazolyl-acetamido-cephalosporanic acids. Roussel Uclaf, Hammond & Littell Weissenberger and Muserlian, May 13, 1980: US04202893 (21 worldwide citation)

Novel alkyloximes of 7-amino-thiazolyl-acetamidocephalosporanic acids of the formula ##STR1## wherein R is selected from the group consisting of alkyl of 1 to 5 carbon atoms, cycloalkyl of 3 to 5 carbon atoms and --CH.sub.2 --SR', R' is selected from the group consisting of acyl of an alkanoic acid ...


53
Stoy Vladimir, Stoy Artur, Urbanova Renata, Prokop Jaroslav, Kucera Josef: Method for the acid hydrolysis of acrylonitrile containing polymers, hydrogels and fibers of products prepared by said method. Ceskoslovenska akademie ved No 3 Narodni, Schaffer Murray, July 29, 1975: US3897382 (21 worldwide citation)

There is disclosed a method for the acid hydrolysis of acrylonitrile-containing polymers comprising hydrolyzing said polymers in the presence of about 40 to about 80% concentrated nitric acid at a temperature of about 25 to about 60.degree.C, cooling said acid reaction mixture to about -20.degree. t ...


54
Kazuhiro Ito, Etsuzo Entani, Yoshiya Kawamura: Methods for protecting vegetables, turfgrass, rice and fruit trees from fungi and bacteria. Nakano Vinegar, Frishauf Holtz Goodman & Woodward, December 20, 1994: US05374627 (21 worldwide citation)

A variety of plant diseases and damage by certain pests in agricultural and horticultural plants can be efficiently controlled without substantial chemical injuries by applying a plant-protecting composition which comprises (a) 1 part by weight of a chitosan hydrolyzate having an average molecular w ...


55
Lawrence J Russo Jr: Method for the separation of acid from sugars. Controlled Environmental Systems Corporation, Sterne Kessler Goldstein & Fox P L L C, May 21, 2002: US06391204 (21 worldwide citation)

A method for separating acid and sugars obtained from liquids resulting from the acid hydrolysis of a material containing at least one of cellulose and hemicellulose is disclosed, comprising adding the liquids to a separation unit comprising a bed of anionic exchange or exclusion chromatographic mat ...


56
Anatole A Klyosov, George P Philippidis, Alan M James, Yiannis A Monovoukas: Method of producing glucose from papermaking sludge using concentrated or dilute acid hydrolysis. Thermo Fibergen, Cesari and McKenna, March 2, 1999: US05876505 (20 worldwide citation)

Glucose is obtained from papermaking sludge by first removing calcium carbonate from the sludge to produce a mixture substantially depleted of calcium and containing cellulose; and then hydrolyzing the calcium-depleted mixture using either a dilute or a strong acid. The glucose, as well as calcium s ...


57
Gustaf Arthur Nyman, Gote Savo: Method for continuous hydrolysis of pentose containing material and apparatus for implementing the method. Anstalt Gemass, Allison C Collard, May 24, 1977: US04025356 (20 worldwide citation)

Method and apparatus for the continuous acid hydrolysis of pentosan-containing material at a temperature between 80.degree. and 120.degree. C and at a pH lower than 5. At least two portions of hydrolysate are re-cycled back into the hydrolysis vessel. One recycle portion having a lower acid concentr ...


58
Process for preparing hydroxymethyl furfural. Atlas Powder Co, September 6, 1961: GB876463-A (20 worldwide citation)

Hydroxymethyl furfural is made by dehydrating a hexose, or a hexose polymer which yields simple hexoses on acid hydrolysis, at an elevated temperature in the presence of an acid catalyst and in a reaction medium comprising a mixture which contains from 5% to 70% by weight of water and correspondingl ...


59
Roger D Hester, George E Farina: Concentrated sulfuric acid hydrolysis of lignocellulosics. Tennessee Valley Authority, Peter D Olexy, October 26, 1999: US05972118 (19 worldwide citation)

A process, system, and apparatus for effectively and economically producing fermentable sugars from cellulosic feedstocks is described. The economic viability of using wood and/or agricultural waste, containing large fractions of cellulose and hemicellulose is highly dependent on the method used for ...


60
Barry A Rugg, Robert Stanton: Apparatus for chemical conversion of materials. New York University, Felfe & Lynch, December 14, 1982: US04363671 (19 worldwide citation)

A process and apparatus for the acid hydrolysis of waste cellulose to glucose of the type wherein waste cellulose is continuously fed into an inlet port of a twin screw extruder, water is continuously fed into reaction zone in the extruder downstream of the inlet port, the cellulose is continuously ...



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