31
William A Farone, John E Cuzens: Method of removing silica or silicates from solids resulting from the strong acid hydrolysis of cellulosic and hemicellulosic materials. Arkenol, Knobbe Martens Olson & Bear, July 21, 1998: US05782982 (30 worldwide citation)

A method of removing silica or silicates from solids results from the acid hydrolysis of materials containing cellulose and hemicellulose is disclosed. The method includes the steps of treating the solids with a metal hydroxide solution to produce an extract, reducing the pH of the extract to produc ...


32
William A Farone, John E Cuzens: Method of fermenting sugars resulting from strong acid hydrolysis. Arkenol, Knobbe Martens Olson & Bear, April 15, 1997: US05620877 (30 worldwide citation)

An economically viable method of fermenting a mixture of sugars resulting from the acid hydrolysis of material containing cellulose and hemicellulose allows for the simultaneous fermentation of both pentose and hexose sugars. The sugar solution is mixed with a microbial organism known to produce a u ...


33
Otavio Vianna Carvalho, Ronaldo Mendonca Mansur, Sandro da Silva Aguiar, Jane Hitoni Fujiyama, Antonio Luiz Ribeiro de Castro: Malonic acid and esters thereof. Trikem, Birch Stewart Kolasch & Birch, May 28, 2002: US06395931 (30 worldwide citation)

A process for preparing malonic acid from the hydrolysis of cyanoacetic acid in the presence of aqueous hydrochloric acid, the process conditions being such that they allow high yields in malonic acid product. The product of said acid hydrolysis is a mixture of malonic acid and ammonium chloride by- ...


34
Werner C Muller, Franklyn D Miller: Process for the acid hydrolysis of carbohydrate polymers and the continuous fermentation of the sugars _obtained therefrom to provide ethanol. National Distillers and Chemical, Kenneth D Tremain, December 30, 1980: US04242455 (30 worldwide citation)

A carbohydrate polymer such as starch and/or cellulose is converted to ethanol by a process in which an aqueous slurry of the carbohydrate polymer acid hydrolyzed to provide a sterile fermentable sugar solution is thereafter continuously converted by fermentation to dilute aqueous ethanol ("beer") i ...


35
Mrozik Helmut Hugo, Fisher Michael Herbert, Kulsa Peter, Albers Schonberg George: Derivatives of c-076 compounds and their preparation.. Merck & Co, May 2, 1979: EP0001688-A1 (30 worldwide citation)

The invention provides compounds having the formula in which the broken line indicates a single or a double bond; R1 is hydroxy or acyloxy and is present only when the broken line indicates a single bond; R2 is iso-propyl or sec-butyl; R3 is hydrogen, methyl or acyl; and R is hydrogen, acyl, alpha - ...


36
Saka Shiro, Nakamori Kenichi: Method for treating biomass through combination of dissolution by cellulose solvent and hydrolysis. Hitachi Zosen, Saka Shiro, August 31, 2006: JP2006-223152 (30 worldwide citation)

PROBLEM TO BE SOLVED: To provide a method for treating biomass to efficiently and easily produce monosaccharides or oligosaccharides, optionally polysaccharides.SOLUTION: The method comprises a combination of the step of dissolving polysaccharide-based biomass in cellulose solvent(s) and the step of ...


37
Syed S H Rizvi, Steven Mulvaney: Supercritical fluid extrusion process and apparatus. Cornell Research Foundation, Jones Tullar & Cooper, May 23, 1995: US05417992 (29 worldwide citation)

A continuous process and apparatus for making bread and bread-like products using supercritical fluid extrusion are disclosed. The process is carried out in a dough mixer and extruder into which supercritical CO.sub.2 is injected to provide proofing of the product. Rising of the dough is produced by ...


38
Winkler Deloss E, Shaw Alfred W: Hydroxylated block copolymers of butadiene and isoprene. Shell Oil Company, September 21, 1971: US3607982 (29 worldwide citation)

Novel epoxidized block copolymers and novel hydroxylated products derived from them are prepared by epoxidation, and then hydrolysis, of conjugated diene block copolymers. In the selectively epoxidized polymers at least one highly (80-100 percent) epoxidized polymer block A, formed from a branched c ...


39
Antonio Geraldo Proenca Hilst: Process for rapid acid hydrolysis of lignocellulosic material and hydrolysis reactor. Dedini Administracao e Participacoes, Abelman Frayne & Schwab, March 9, 1999: US05879463 (29 worldwide citation)

The present invention relates to a continuous process for acid hydrolysis of lignocellulosic material through which the delignification and saccharification operations are carried out in a single reaction cycle utilizing a solubilizing organic solvent of lignin and a strong and extremely diluted ino ...


40
Roger D Hester, George E Farina, Srikanth Nanguneri: Process for separating acid-sugar mixtures using ion exclusion chromatography. Tennessee Valley Authority, Robert A Petrusek, April 18, 1995: US05407580 (29 worldwide citation)

A process for effectively and economically separating an ionic component such as acid from a nonionic component such as sugar in polar solutions using ion exclusion technology whereby the viability of using hydrolysis to convert wood and agricultural waste products such as corn stover into fuel alco ...