31
Mrozik Helmut Hugo, Fisher Michael Herbert, Kulsa Peter, Albers Schonberg George: Derivatives of c-076 compounds and their preparation.. Merck & Co, May 2, 1979: EP0001688-A1 (30 worldwide citation)

The invention provides compounds having the formula in which the broken line indicates a single or a double bond; R1 is hydroxy or acyloxy and is present only when the broken line indicates a single bond; R2 is iso-propyl or sec-butyl; R3 is hydrogen, methyl or acyl; and R is hydrogen, acyl, alpha - ...


32
Syed S H Rizvi, Steven Mulvaney: Supercritical fluid extrusion process and apparatus. Cornell Research Foundation, Jones Tullar & Cooper, May 23, 1995: US05417992 (29 worldwide citation)

A continuous process and apparatus for making bread and bread-like products using supercritical fluid extrusion are disclosed. The process is carried out in a dough mixer and extruder into which supercritical CO.sub.2 is injected to provide proofing of the product. Rising of the dough is produced by ...


33
Winkler Deloss E, Shaw Alfred W: Hydroxylated block copolymers of butadiene and isoprene. Shell Oil Company, September 21, 1971: US3607982 (29 worldwide citation)

Novel epoxidized block copolymers and novel hydroxylated products derived from them are prepared by epoxidation, and then hydrolysis, of conjugated diene block copolymers. In the selectively epoxidized polymers at least one highly (80-100 percent) epoxidized polymer block A, formed from a branched c ...


34
Allen V Forster, Lyle E Martz, Douglas E Leng: Process for separating and recovering concentrated hydrochloric acid from the crude product obtained from the acid hydrolysis of cellulose. The Dow Chemical Company, G R Plotecher, December 2, 1980: US04237110 (29 worldwide citation)

The crude product obtained from the acid hydrolysis of cellulose, the product comprising concentrated hydrochloric acid and the various sugars obtained from the acid hydrolysis of cellulose, is separated into a first fraction comprising concentrated hydrochloric acid and a second fraction comprising ...


35
Werner C Muller, Franklyn D Miller: Process for the acid hydrolysis of carbohydrate polymers and the continuous fermentation of the sugars _obtained therefrom to provide ethanol. National Distillers and Chemical, Kenneth D Tremain, December 30, 1980: US04242455 (29 worldwide citation)

A carbohydrate polymer such as starch and/or cellulose is converted to ethanol by a process in which an aqueous slurry of the carbohydrate polymer acid hydrolyzed to provide a sterile fermentable sugar solution is thereafter continuously converted by fermentation to dilute aqueous ethanol ("beer") i ...


36
William A Farone, John E Cuzens: Method of removing silica or silicates from solids resulting from the strong acid hydrolysis of cellulosic and hemicellulosic materials. Arkenol, Knobbe Martens Olson & Bear, July 21, 1998: US05782982 (27 worldwide citation)

A method of removing silica or silicates from solids results from the acid hydrolysis of materials containing cellulose and hemicellulose is disclosed. The method includes the steps of treating the solids with a metal hydroxide solution to produce an extract, reducing the pH of the extract to produc ...


37
Antonio Geraldo Proenca Hilst: Process for rapid acid hydrolysis of lignocellulosic material and hydrolysis reactor. Dedini Administracao e Participacoes, Abelman Frayne & Schwab, March 9, 1999: US05879463 (27 worldwide citation)

The present invention relates to a continuous process for acid hydrolysis of lignocellulosic material through which the delignification and saccharification operations are carried out in a single reaction cycle utilizing a solubilizing organic solvent of lignin and a strong and extremely diluted ino ...


38
Manuel Debono: Pseudo-aglycone of actaplanin. Eli Lilly and Company, Gerald V Dahling, Arthur R Whale, March 30, 1982: US04322343 (27 worldwide citation)

Antibiotic A-4696 pseudo-aglycone, produced by mild acid hydrolysis of the actaplanin antibiotic A-4696 complex, has antibacterial and growth promotant activity.


39
Grund Alan D, Jerrell Thomas A Jr: Deacetylation of n-acetylglucosamine. Bio Technical Resources, TRAVER Robert D, June 23, 2005: WO/2005/056525 (27 worldwide citation)

The invention provides methods of deacetylating N-acetylglucosamine by solid acid hydrolysis on a cation exchange resin. These methods advantageously reduce the amount of acid used and the need for acid recycle facilities. The isolated glucosamine salt produced is very clean, reducing or eliminating ...


40
William A Farone, John E Cuzens: Method for the production of levulinic acid and its derivatives. Arkenol, Knobbe Martens Olson & Bear, April 25, 2000: US06054611 (26 worldwide citation)

A method of producing dehydration products from one more 5-carbon or 6-carbon sugars includes reacting said one or more sugars at 40-240.degree. C. for 1 to 96 hours in the presence of 5-90% sulfuric acid, separating the reaction products, and recovering levulinic acid. The sugars are can be generat ...



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