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Spindt Charles A, Heynick Louis N: Field ionizer and field emission cathode structures and methods of production. Stanford Research Institute, May 23, 1972: US3665241 (226 worldwide citation)

Field-forming devices primarily useful as field ionizers and field emission cathodes and having as a basic element an array of closely spaced cones with sharp points supported on a substrate (in the most usual case conductive or semiconductive) are disclosed. Preferably, the field-forming structure ...


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Magne H Nerheim, Steven N D Brundula, Nache D Shekarri, Patrick W Smith: Systems and methods for modular electronic weaponry. TASER International, William R Bachand, August 17, 2010: US07778004 (177 worldwide citation)

An apparatus produces contractions in skeletal muscles of a target to impede locomotion by the target. The apparatus is used with a provided deployment unit that deploys an electrode away from the apparatus. The electrode conducts a current through the target. The apparatus includes a bus; a plurali ...


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Larry C Wadsworth, Solomon P Hersh: Method of making fibrous electrets. Surgikos, March 8, 1983: US04375718 (176 worldwide citation)

A process of manufacturing an electrostatically charged filtration medium is disclosed. A web made of nonconductive thermoplastic fibers is contacted on each side with a more conductive web to form a combined web. The combined web is charged with electrically charged particles from corona charging e ...


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Spindt Charles A, Heynick Louis N: Methods of producing field ionizer and field emission cathode structures. Stanford Research Institute, Faubion Urban H, May 28, 1974: US3812559 (147 worldwide citation)

Field-forming devices primarily useful as field ionizers and field emission cathodes and having as a basic element an array of closely spaced cones with sharp points supported on a substrate (in the most usual case conductive or semiconductive) are disclosed. Preferably, the field-forming structure ...


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Ray J King: Corona discharge apparatus. The Electrogesic Corporation, Mason Fenwick & Lawrence, May 31, 1994: US05317155 (110 worldwide citation)

A power amplifier for use in medical and veterinary testing and therapy. A tunable pulse-width-modulated signal generator is connected to a gating element to provide a digital waveform suitable for comprehensive control of the waveform shape and average output power provided by the apparatus. The di ...


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Hiroshi Yonekura, Koki Tamagawa: Electrostatic chuck. Shinko Electric, Rankin Hill & Clark, September 20, 2011: US08023248 (105 worldwide citation)

An electrostatic chuck includes a dielectric layer 30 formed with an attraction and fix face onto which a plate member 10 is attracted and fixed, wherein the attraction and fix face of the dielectric layer 30 is formed with a plurality of projection parts 32 each with only a tip face abutting the pl ...


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Lawrence G Decker, Janet R Poston, Edward F Hume: Pulsed-laser detection with pulse stretcher and noise averaging. Cincinnati Microwave, Limbach & Limbach, April 27, 1993: US05206500 (105 worldwide citation)

A photodetector receives an optical signal and converts it an electrical signal. A pulse stretcher converts the electrical signal into a first signal which is characterized by having an increased pulse width relative to the electrical signal. A noise averager converts the electrical signal into a se ...


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Deardurff Lawrence R: Electrical lead. Owens Corning Fiberglass Corporation, Staelin & Overman, March 19, 1974: US3798589 (101 worldwide citation)

An electrical lead suitable for use in ignition systems for internal combustion engines including an electrical conductor fully surrounded by insulation with an exposed conductor portion extending from the insulation at one end of the lead; and an electrically conductive termination cap fastened at ...


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Thomas G Leone: Spark plug heating for a spark ignited engine. Ford Global Technologies, Allan J Lippa, Alleman Hall McCoy Russell & Tuttle, August 14, 2007: US07255080 (72 worldwide citation)

A system for an engine of a vehicle, comprising of at least one combustion chamber located in the engine, a delivery system configured to deliver a fuel and a fluid to the combustion chamber, an ignition system including a spark plug configured to ignite the fuel within the combustion chamber, a spa ...