Karl Heinz Besocke: Kinematic arrangement for the micro-movements of objects. Kernforschungsanlage Julich Gesellschaft mit beschrankter Haftung, Scully Scott Murphy & Presser, November 15, 1988: US04785177 (97 worldwide citation)

A kinematic arrangement for the micro-movement over long distances of objs, and in particular, for imparting movement to and the manipulation of objects which are to be investigated or treated microscopically. The object is supported on at least one motion-imparting or kinematic element constituted ...

Avery Robert F: Support structure for electron accelerator with deflecting means and target and cooperating patient support. Varian Associates, June 1, 1971: US3582650 (97 worldwide citation)

Improved linear accelerator apparatus for directing ionizing radiation on an object is realized by utilization of a horizontal axis of rotation about which the linear accelerator axis rotates while the accelerator axis maintains a horizontal spatial orientation at different circumferential points of ...

Yusuke Fujii, Hisataka Fujimaki, Kazuo Hiramoto: Charged particle irradiation system. Hitachi, Mattingly & Malur P C, November 23, 2010: US07838855 (95 worldwide citation)

A charged particle irradiation system that positions the beam at a target position to avoid irradiation of normal tissue includes an acceleration system 6 for extracting a charged particle beam, scanning magnets 24 and 25, and charged particle beam position monitors 26 and 27. On the basis of signal ...

Peter Rothschild, Lee Grodzins: Chopper wheel with two axes of rotation. American Science and Engineering, Bromberg & Sunstein, August 13, 2002: US06434219 (94 worldwide citation)

An apparatus and method for creating a beam of penetrating radiation of specified cross section that raster scans over a two-dimensional area, using a chopper wheel rotated about two axes. The wheel has a set of apertures of which at least one is illuminated to form the beam. Rotary actuators rotate ...

Masayuki Suzuki, Noritaka Mochizuki, Setsuo Minami, Shigetaro Ogura, Yasuaki Fukuda, Yutaka Watanabe, Yasuo Kawai, Takao Kariya: X-ray reduction projection exposure system of reflection type. Canon Kabushiki Kaisha, Fitzpatrick Cella Harper & Scinto, October 6, 1992: US05153898 (93 worldwide citation)

An X-ray exposure apparatus includes a stage for holding a mask having a pattern for circuit manufacturing, a stage for holding a wafer to be exposed to the pattern of the mask with X-rays, and a reflection reduction imaging system, disposed between the mask stage and the wafer stage, including a re ...

Martin Hartick, Frank Cordes: Apparatus and method for adjusting a collimator. Heimann Systems, Birch Stewart Kolasch & Birch, November 19, 2002: US06483894 (92 worldwide citation)

A collimator for an X-ray testing machine and a method for adjusting the collimator with the aid of a detection system disposed in the collimator that includes at least two spatially separate detection devices, disposed and spacing one behind the other.

Koji Matsuda, Hiroshi Akiyama, Kazuo Hiramoto: Charged particle beam irradiation system and irradiation method thereof. Hitachi, Antonelli Terry Stout & Kraus, July 11, 2000: US06087672 (92 worldwide citation)

A charged particle beam irradiation system includes a beam spreading device, a ridge filter, a range shifter, a collimator, and a bolus. Further, on a supporting plate in the ridge filter, a plurality of ridge components are arranged, and shielding elements are attached at the top parts of a part of ...


Tanya E Jewell, Kevin Thompson: Ringfield lithography. AT&T Bell Laboratories, George S Indig, May 24, 1994: US05315629 (89 worldwide citation)

Ringfield projection apparatus using x-ray radiation e.g. of 1.30 .ANG. wavelength is suitable for lithographic patterning in the fabrication of integrated circuits at design rules of 0.25 .mu.m and below. The design permits reduction from an enlarged mask as well as substantial throughput, the latt ...

Kohei Kato, Hiroshi Akiyama, Masaki Yanagisawa: Multi-leaf collimator and medical system including accelerator. Hitachi, Crowell & Moring, November 16, 2004: US06819743 (88 worldwide citation)

The invention is intended to shorten a positioning time required for forming an irradiation area with high accuracy using a number of leaf plates, and to reduce physical and mental burdens imposed on patients. A multi-leaf collimator comprises leaf plate driving body each including a plurality of mo ...