41
Stanley Woodrow Johnsen: Multi-leaf collimator with leaves formed of different materials. Varian Medical Systems Technologies, July 8, 2008: US07397901 (100 worldwide citation)

A multi-leaf collimator includes a number of independently adjustable leaves. Adjacent leaves overlap to prevent an incident beam of radiation from passing through a gap between them. The overlapping portions of the leaves are made of a first material, while the non-overlapping portions of the leave ...


42
Donald O Smith, Mark T Dinsmore: Method for treating brain tumors. Photoelectron Corporation, Lappin & Kusmer, June 18, 1996: US05528652 (100 worldwide citation)

A method of treating brain tumors in a patient, comprising the steps of: identifying and locating a brain tumor in vivo; implanting at least a portion of an adjustable x-ray source in the patient proximate to the tumor, where the x-ray source generates an electron beam along a path on or slightly of ...


43
Howard M Shapiro: Apparatus and method for killing unwanted cells. Sidney Farber Cancer Institute, July 26, 1983: US04395397 (100 worldwide citation)

Method and apparatus for removing, from a flowing liquid stream containing a suspension of living cells, a subpopulation of unwanted cells having one or more characteristics distinguishing them from the rest of the living cells. The method includes detecting the presence of the unwanted cells, gener ...


44
Stanley Woodrow Johnsen: Multi-leaf collimator with leaves formed of different materials. Varian Medical Systems, June 30, 2009: US07555103 (99 worldwide citation)

A multi-leaf collimator includes a number of independently adjustable leaves. Adjacent leaves overlap to prevent an incident beam of radiation from passing through a gap between them. The overlapping portions of the leaves are made of a first material, while the non-overlapping portions of the leave ...


45
James M Stark, Stanley J Rosenthal, Miles S Wagner, Michael J Ahearn: Applying a particle beam to a patient. Still River Systems Incorporated, Fish & Richardson P C, August 23, 2011: US08003964 (97 worldwide citation)

An apparatus includes a yoke having a first end and a second end. The yoke is configured to hold a device that includes an aperture and a range compensation structure. A catch arm is pivotally secured to the first end of the yoke. The catch arm includes a locking feature. The locking feature and the ...


46
Shixin Wang: Lift-out probe having an extension tip, methods of making and using, and analytical instruments employing same. Micron Technology, TraskBritt, March 7, 2006: US07009188 (97 worldwide citation)

Extension tips for lift-out probes used in conjunction with focused ion beam (FIB) systems and analytical instruments employing such probes are disclosed. Methods of forming the extension tips from a variety of materials such as a silicon wafer, preformed whiskers of conductive material, and metal l ...


47
Karl Heinz Besocke: Kinematic arrangement for the micro-movements of objects. Kernforschungsanlage Julich Gesellschaft mit beschrankter Haftung, Scully Scott Murphy & Presser, November 15, 1988: US04785177 (97 worldwide citation)

A kinematic arrangement for the micro-movement over long distances of objs, and in particular, for imparting movement to and the manipulation of objects which are to be investigated or treated microscopically. The object is supported on at least one motion-imparting or kinematic element constituted ...


48
Hisataka Fujimaki, Satoshi Totake: Charged particle beam irradiation system and method of extracting charged particle beam. Hitachi, Mattingly & Malur PC, July 12, 2011: US07977656 (96 worldwide citation)

A charged particle beam irradiation system includes an accelerator for accelerating a charged particle beam, a beam irradiation apparatus having a beam energy modulator and arranged for irradiating an object with the charged particle beam extracted from the accelerator and having passed the beam ene ...


49
Peter Rothschild, Lee Grodzins: Method for raster scanning an X-ray tube focal spot. American Science & Engineering, Bromberg & Sunstein, March 12, 2002: US06356620 (95 worldwide citation)

A method and apparatus for producing a scanned beam of penetrating radiation. A beam of particles illuminates a portion of a target, the illuminated portion comprising a focal spot having a centroid. Illumination of the target creates a beam of penetrating radiation such as x-rays. The beam of parti ...


50
Masayuki Suzuki, Noritaka Mochizuki, Setsuo Minami, Shigetaro Ogura, Yasuaki Fukuda, Yutaka Watanabe, Yasuo Kawai, Takao Kariya: X-ray reduction projection exposure system of reflection type. Canon Kabushiki Kaisha, Fitzpatrick Cella Harper & Scinto, October 6, 1992: US05153898 (93 worldwide citation)

An X-ray exposure apparatus includes a stage for holding a mask having a pattern for circuit manufacturing, a stage for holding a wafer to be exposed to the pattern of the mask with X-rays, and a reflection reduction imaging system, disposed between the mask stage and the wafer stage, including a re ...



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