1
Higgins Irving John, Mccann James Michael, Davis Graham, Hill Hugh Allen Oliver, Zwanziger Ron, Treidl Bernhard Ludwig, Birket Nigel Norman, Plotkin Elliot Verne: Sensor electrode systems.. Genetics Int, December 12, 1984: EP0127958-A2 (828 worldwide citation)

This specification discloses sensor electrodes, and their combination with reference electrodes; the manufacture of such electrodes; apparatus utilising such electrodes; and electrical circuitry into which such electrodes can be incorporated, specifically the establishment of certain design criteria ...


2
Skotheim Terje A, Hale Paul D, Okamoto Yoshiyuki: Electrochemical biosensor based on immobilized enzymes and redox polymers.. Ass Universities, Univ Polytechnic, October 3, 1990: EP0390390-A1 (706 worldwide citation)

The present invention relates to an electrochemical enzyme biosensor for use in liquid mixtures of components for detecting the presence of, or measuring the amount of, one or more select components. The enzyme electrode of the present invention is comprised of an enzyme, an artificial redox compoun ...


3
Young Chung Chang, Winarta Handani, Gary Kenneth, Chen Chin Chun: Glucose electrode and method of determining glucose.. Nova Biomedical, October 12, 1988: EP0286118-A2 (473 worldwide citation)

An electrode assembly for polarographic assay of glucose in solution having a laminated membrane, the outer membrane being from l to 20 m thick and having a pore size of 10 to 125 A, the inner membrane having a thickness of 2 to 4 m, and bonded to the outer membrane with immobilized glucose oxidase. ...


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Joseph Jose P: An integral interstitial fluid sensor.. Teknekron Sensor Dev, October 23, 1991: EP0453283-A1 (445 worldwide citation)

For application to the skin (12, 14) of a person or an animal for the detection of chemical components of tissue fluid, a fluid sensor (10) comprises a substrate (16) or a porous material for the passage of the interstitial fluid therethrough. At least two electrodes (18a, 18b) are provided. At leas ...


6
Birch Brian Jeffrey, Burns Ian William: Method and apparatus for electrochemical measurements.. Unilever, Unilever, February 3, 1988: EP0255291-A1 (341 worldwide citation)

A method for measurement or detection of a component of an aqueous liquid sample, said method comprising: placing a sample, possibly containing the component to be analysed, into a reaction zone in a reaction cell, said reaction cell comprising at least two electrodes having an impedance which rende ...


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Nankai Shiro, Kawaguri Mariko, Yoshioka Toshihiko, Tsutsumi Haruhiro, Terao Kyozo, Tanimoto Naoki, Yoshioka Masahiro, Hyodo Hiroshi, Uchigaki Takatoshi: Quantitative analysis method and its system using a disposable sensor.. Matsushita Electric, Kyoto Daiichi Kagaku, February 26, 1992: EP0471986-A2 (273 worldwide citation)

A sensor 13 is inserted into a connector 14. A constant voltage required to obtain a response current is applied across the connector 14 by a voltage applying source 15 at timings required. A response current of the sensor 13 inserted into the connector 14 is converted into a voltage by a current-to ...


8
Walton Nicholas John, Chambers Gill Alison: Measurement of electroactive species in solution.. Genetics Int, October 14, 1987: EP0241309-A2 (265 worldwide citation)

In order to improve the sensitivity of electrochemical assays based on an electrochemical system capable of generating a current, where the system comprises as components an enzyme, a substrate, and a mediator, with the mediator mediating transfer of electrons between the enzyme and an electrode whi ...


9
James D Blair, Kenneth Dircks: Method and apparatus for monitoring fuel cell performance. Minister of National Defence of Her Majesty s Canadian Government, McAndrews Held & Malloy, December 8, 1992: US05170124 (264 worldwide citation)

A method and apparatus for monitoring the performance of fuel cells arranged in series. More particularly, the method and apparatus involve the measurement and comparison of fuel cell performance indicators, such as voltage, in groups of cells connected in series. In a first embodiment, the voltage ...


10
Hill Hugh Allen Oliver, Higgins Irving John, Mccann James Michael, Davis Graham, Treidl Bernard Ludwig, Birket Nigel Norman, Plotkin Elliot Verne, Zwanziger Ron: Printed electrodes.. Medisense, January 24, 1990: EP0351891-A2 (250 worldwide citation)

Electrodes are made by printing. To this end, a suspension is formed as a printable and conductive ink for fabrication of electrodes. The suspension suitably comprises a liquid medium containing (a) carbon together with at least one of (b) an enzyme and (c) a mediator compound.